Presentation on theme: "Prepared by Dr. Hoda Abdel Azim. Objectives Identify meaning and criteria of adulthood. State the type of adulthood relationships. Describe leaving."— Presentation transcript:
Prepared by Dr. Hoda Abdel Azim
Objectives Identify meaning and criteria of adulthood. State the type of adulthood relationships. Describe leaving home patterns of early adult hood. Identify the predisposing factors of choosing a career. State factors for making career decision at 30- 40years Identify the effect of women work on the family. Summarize developmental tasks of early adulthood.
Early Adulthood (20-40 years) Sociological Definitions People may be consider adult when they are self supporting or have chosen a career, have married or formed a significant romantic partnership, or have started family.
Early adulthood In early adulthood people confront choices about their: Occupation Education Relationship Independence
Early Adulthood Young adult work hard to achieve financial and emotional independence from their families. They begin to establish life goals and values.
Early adulthood Intimacy versus isolation patterns Individuals choose to establish relationships with others ( intimacy ) or to remain detached ( isolation ) from others. Working in a people oriented occupation ( nursing ) or in a quieter occupation such as (freelance work in one’s home).
Development in early adulthood (20 to 30 years) 1.Leaving Home patterns A person leaves home and does not move back. A person stay at home until he or she forced to leave by family members. A person leaves, returns, leaves, returns, and continues a cycle of moving in and out. A person leaves by moving next door.
2. Choosing a Career Occupational choice are closely tied to education. Both related to Economic situation Goals Abilities Interests of the individual
Circumstances may be prevent individual from following their dreams, and they are forced to make adjustments through: Have more than one interest and consider alternate choices with relative ease. Independence decision making Support from family and friends.
3. Establishing an adult identification a. Seeking Oneself Individual face a dilemma when they feel that their choices can no longer be changed or that a decision settle as issue forever.
e.g Young people may fear from marriage with a longtime partner because it will limit their freedom. They may hesitate to embark on a specific career, fearing that they will be forced to do that job forever.
b. Establishing adult relationship As they move a way from college and leave their families, young adults may find themselves lonely. With time, they form new friendships and intimate relationships that provide support and understanding.
Such adult relationships include:- Coworkers Male and female housemates Marriage Religious orders Homo or heterosexual relationships Some adults live with parents or other relatives for social support.
Why people decide to marry? To escape life with their parents. They feel it is expected of them. For protection To be taken care of. For prestige. They find someone they love. With home to spend their lives.
c. Starting a family Many adults postpone marriage or childbirth until their 30 years. Preferring to establish careers and to become financially secure first. Grand-parents and other relatives play pivotal role in such families.
Historically the role of authority, provider and protector of the family have been associated with the male. Many men in society maintain these perception. More women entering the workforce and become provider, caregiver and protector.
Results from women work Two income family Redistribution family role Sharing childcare responsibilities Participation from both parents in household tasks.
Adulthood From 30-40 years 1. Setting in In their early thirties, adult begin to settle Purchase a home The become more comfortable with other adult relationship.
2. Making career decisions A couple working different hours or shifts can develop Difficulty with marital interactions hours. Family time
Companies may require individuals to transfer from one city to another. Some adults decide to embark on a new career or to return to school. Changes in career status either voluntary or because of economic needs
3. Addressing women’s issues Women in their thirties must make specific decision related to childbearing, and they must choose to have children now. Career goals and motherhood can conflict.
A woman who has never married may feel pressured to find the right person to have a baby because life is passing. Women who have delayed pregnancy face difficult decisions a bout employment, child care arrangements, and responsibilities.
4. Facing transitions Many changes occur as the adult approaches middle adulthood. Growing children spend more time away from home and more interested in being with their peers. As the children leave home, the parents begin to examine their relationship Develop new depth of intimacy. Decide to divorce.
Developmental tasks of early adulthood (20-40years) Select a mate Lean to live with mate. Start a family Manage a home Begin occupation Involve self in civic and religious group activities. Form social groups.