Presentation on theme: "Prepared by Dr. Hoda Abdel Azim"— Presentation transcript:
1 Prepared by Dr. Hoda Abdel Azim Early AdulthoodPrepared byDr. Hoda Abdel Azim
2 Objectives Identify meaning and criteria of adulthood. State the type of adulthood relationships.Describe leaving home patterns of early adult hood.Identify the predisposing factors of choosing a career.State factors for making career decision at yearsIdentify the effect of women work on the family.Summarize developmental tasks of early adulthood.
3 Early Adulthood (20-40 years) Sociological Definitions People may be consider adult when they are self supporting or have chosen a career, have married or formed a significant romantic partnership, or have started family.
4 Early adulthood Occupation Education Relationship Independence In early adulthood people confront choices about their:OccupationEducationRelationshipIndependence
5 Early AdulthoodYoung adult work hard to achieve financial and emotional independence from their families.They begin to establish life goals and values.
6 Early adulthood Intimacy versus isolation patterns Individuals choose to establish relationships with others ( intimacy) or to remain detached (isolation) from others.Working in a people oriented occupation ( nursing) or in a quieter occupation such as (freelance work in one’s home).
7 Development in early adulthood (20 to 30 years) 1.Leaving Home patternsA person leaves home and does not move back.A person stay at home until he or she forced to leave by family members.A person leaves, returns, leaves, returns, and continues a cycle of moving in and out.A person leaves by moving next door.
8 2. Choosing a Career Economic situation Goals Abilities Occupational choice are closely tied to education. Both related toEconomic situationGoalsAbilitiesInterests of the individual
9 Independence decision making Support from family and friends. Circumstances may be prevent individual from following their dreams, and they are forced to make adjustments through:Have more than one interest and consider alternate choices with relative ease.Independence decision makingSupport from family and friends.
10 3. Establishing an adult identification a. Seeking OneselfIndividual face a dilemma when they feel that their choices can no longer be changed or that a decision settle as issue forever.
11 e.gYoung people may fear from marriage with a longtime partner because it will limit their freedom.They may hesitate to embark on a specific career, fearing that they will be forced to do that job forever.
12 b. Establishing adult relationship As they move a way from college and leave their families, young adults may find themselves lonely.With time, they form new friendships and intimate relationships that provide support and understanding.
13 Such adult relationships include:- CoworkersMale and female housematesMarriageReligious ordersHomo or heterosexual relationshipsSome adults live with parents or other relatives for social support.
14 Why people decide to marry? To escape life with their parents.They feel it is expected of them.For protectionTo be taken care of.For prestige.They find someone they love.With home to spend their lives.
15 c. Starting a familyMany adults postpone marriage or childbirth until their 30 years. Preferring to establish careers and to become financially secure first.Grand-parents and other relatives play pivotal role in such families.
16 Historically the role of authority, provider and protector of the family have been associated with the male.Many men in society maintain these perception.More women entering the workforce and become provider, caregiver and protector.
17 Results from women work Two income familyRedistribution family roleSharing childcare responsibilitiesParticipation from both parents in household tasks.
18 Adulthood From years1. Setting inIn their early thirties, adult begin to settlePurchase a homeThe become more comfortable with other adult relationship.
19 2. Making career decisions A couple working different hours or shifts can developDifficulty with marital interactions hours.Family time
20 Companies may require individuals to transfer from one city to another. Some adults decide to embark on a new career or to return to school.Changes in career status either voluntary or because of economic needs
21 3. Addressing women’s issues Women in their thirties must make specific decision related to childbearing, and they must choose to have children now.Career goals and motherhood can conflict.
22 A woman who has never married may feel pressured to find the right person to have a baby because life is passing.Women who have delayed pregnancy face difficult decisions a bout employment, child care arrangements, and responsibilities.
23 4. Facing transitionsMany changes occur as the adult approaches middle adulthood.Growing children spend more time away from home and more interested in being with their peers.As the children leave home, the parents begin to examine their relationshipDevelop new depth of intimacy.Decide to divorce.
24 Developmental tasks of early adulthood (20-40years) Select a mateLean to live with mate.Start a familyManage a homeBegin occupationInvolve self in civic and religious group activities.Form social groups.