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Chapter 8 Medical Terminology and Disease Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Word Elements for.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8 Medical Terminology and Disease Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Word Elements for."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Chapter 8 Medical Terminology and Disease

3 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Word Elements for Medical Terms word root—the body of the word (cardi, arthr, mast) prefix—before word root (intra-, trans-) suffix—after word root (-logy, -gram) combining vowel—joins two word roots (electr-o- cardi-o-gram) combining form—word root plus combining vowel (osteo, electro)

4 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Combining Word Elements Once you are familiar with word elements, you can combine them to build medical terms. Most singular and plural endings follow Greek and Latin rules.

5 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Break the following words into their word elements, and then derive their meaning: polycystic poly/cyst/ic—having many cysts mastectomy mast/ectomy–removal of breast transurethral trans/urethr/al—through the urethra Discuss

6 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Medical Terms pronunciation –ch often sounds like k –g sounds like j when g comes before e, i, and y –pn sounds like n –ps sounds like s correct spelling—utmost importance in medical terminology medical abbreviations vary by facility

7 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Body Cavities spaces in body that house internal organs two main cavities 1.dorsal 2.ventral

8 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Body Cavities

9 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Anatomical Position

10 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Other Body Positions Prone Supine

11 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Other Body Positions Fowler’s Lateral

12 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Body Directions and Movements anterior/ventral posterior/dorsal superior inferior distal proximal abduction adduction flexion extension

13 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. What are some examples of abduction and adduction? Demonstrate. Discuss

14 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Body Planes sagittal midsagittal/median coronal transverse

15 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Medical Specialties areas of focus practiced by medical professionals, named according to a body system

16 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. What Is Disease? a disorder or abnormal condition in some part of the body’s structure or function an important purpose of medicine is to treat disease

17 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. What Is Diagnosis? made by studying medical history and symptoms, performing physical exam, and analyzing results involves diagnostic testing, identifying treatment options, and classifying disease Alexander Raths/Shutterstock.com

18 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Types of Disease hereditary disease (abnormalities in genes) congenital disease (birth defects) environmental disease (exposure to harmful factors in environment) nutritional disease (inability or failure to consume proper nutrients)

19 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Types of Disease infectious disease (pathogenic microorganisms) degenerative disease (deterioration of tissue/organs over time) trauma (physical injury by accident or violence)

20 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Write the first three diseases that come to your mind. What types of diseases are they? Discuss

21 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Cancer abnormal growth of cells multiplying rapidly in the body metastasis—spread of cancerous cells malignant—used to describe an active, life- threatening tumor

22 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Signs and Symptoms of Cancer change in bowel or bladder habits a sore that doesn’t heal unusual bleeding or discharge thickening or lump in breast, testicles, or elsewhere indigestion or difficulty swallowing obvious change in size, color, shape or thickness of wart, mole, or mouth sore nagging cough or hoarseness


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