Presentation on theme: "You and the Flu Flu Information"— Presentation transcript:
1You and the Flu 2012-2013 Flu Information James R. Ginder, MS, NREMT,PI,CHES,NCEEHealth Education SpecialistHamilton County Health Department
2The Reader Will Be Able To… List the symptoms of the fluExplain three ways the flu can be transmittedDefine what two kinds of flu vaccine are availableName three ways to prevent the flu
3What Is Influenza (Flu) The flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect theNoseThroatLungsIt can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to deathThe best way to prevent the flu is by getting a flu vaccine each year
4Signs and Symptoms Of Flu… People who have the flu often feel some or all of these symptoms:Fever or feeling feverish/chilledCoughSore throatRunny or stuffy noseMuscle or body achesHeadachesFatigue (very tired)Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults.It’s important to note that not everyone with flu will have a fever.
5How It Is Transmitted…The flu viruses spread mainly by droplets made when people with flu:CoughSneezeOr talkThese droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearbyLess often, a person might also develop the flu by touching a surface or object that has flu virus on it and then touching their own mouth, eyes or nose
6Period Of Contagion…You may be able to pass on the flu to someone else before you know you are sick, as well as while you are sickMost healthy adults may be able to infect others beginning 1 day before symptoms develop and up to 5 to 7 days after becoming sickSome people, especially young children and people with weakened immune systems, might be able to infect others for an even longer time.
7Groups At Risk For Transmitting The Flu… People who live with or care for those at high risk for complications from flu include:Healthcare workersHousehold contacts of persons at high risk for complications from the fluHousehold contacts and out of home caregivers of children less than 6 months of age (these children are too young to be vaccinated)
8Complications Of Flu… Complications of flu can include: Bacterial pneumoniaEar and sinus infectionsDehydrationWorsening of chronic medical conditions, such as:Congestive heart failureAsthmaDiabetes
9Groups At Higher Risk For Developing Flu Complications… Children 6 months to 18 years of agePregnant womenPeople 50 years of age and olderPeople of any age with certain chronic medical conditions (heart, lung or kidney disease and weakened immune systems)People who live in nursing homes and other long-term care facilities
10What Viruses Will Be In the 2012-2013 Flu Vaccine… On February 23, 2012 the WHO recommended that the Northern Hemisphere's seasonal influenza vaccine be made from the following three vaccine viruses:an A/California/7/2009 (H1N1)pdm09-like virusan A/Victoria/361/2011 (H3N2)-like virusa B/Wisconsin/1/2010-like virus (from the B/Yamagata lineage of viruses)New Flu VaccineThis vaccine is different than the one used in the flu season
11The Flu Vaccine… Flu Shot Inactivated vaccines (containing killed virus) that are given with a needleA high-dose vaccine for people 65 and older which also is given intramuscularly
12The Flu Vaccine… There are two types of flu vaccine: The single best way to prevent the flu is to get a flu vaccine each season.There are two types of flu vaccine:Inactivated (Killed)Live (Weakned)There are several methods that the flu vaccine can be give
13The Flu Vaccine…An intradermal vaccine for people 18 to 64 years of age which is injected with a shorter needle into the “dermis” or skin.If you are interested in this vaccine, contact your health care provider
14The Flu Vaccine…FluMist vaccine — a vaccine made with live, weakened flu viruses that is given as a nasal spray (sometimes called LAIV for “Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine”).The viruses in the nasal spray vaccine do not cause the flu.LAIV is approved for use in healthy people 2 to 49 years of age who are not pregnant.
15Who Needs To Be Vaccinated… Everyone should receive a flu vaccine for the flu seasonExcept if the person is:Under six months of ageOr has a severe egg allergy
16Who Should NOT Get Vaccinated… People who have a severe allergy to chicken eggsPeople who have previously had a severe reaction to an influenza vaccinationPeople who developed Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) within 6 weeks of getting an influenza vaccineChildren less than 6 months of age (influenza vaccine is not approved for this age group)People who have a moderate-to-severe illness with a fever (they should wait until they recover to get vaccinated.)
17Children And Flu Vaccine Older children need one dose of the flu vaccine each yearSome children younger than 9 years of age need two doses to protect themAsk your healthcare provider for more information
18When Should I Get My Flu Vaccine… CDC recommends that influenza vaccination begin as soon as vaccine becomes available in the community and continue throughout the flu season.It takes about two weeks after vaccination for antibodies to develop in the body and provide protection against influenza. Influenza season can begin as early as October.
19What Are The Side Effects Of The Flu Vaccine… Mild side effects include:Soreness, redness, or swelling at the vaccination siteHoarseness, coughRed or itchy eyesFever, body aches and fatigueHeadachesItchingIf these symptoms do develop, they beng soon after vaccination and last 1-2 days
20What Are The Side Effects Of FluMist (Live Vaccine) FluMist is made from a weakened virus and DOES NOT cause the fluThe vaccine can cause mild symptoms in people who receive the vaccineThe mild symptoms include:Runny nose, nasal congestionCough, sore throat, wheezingChills, tiredness/weaknessAbdominal pain or occasional vomiting or diarrhea
21How To Prevent The Flu… Avoid close contact: Avoid close contact with people who are sick.When you are sick, keep your distance from others to protect them from getting sick too.Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing.
22How To Prevent The Flu… Wash your hands Washing your hands often will help protect you from germsAvoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.Germs are often spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouthPractice other good health habitsGet plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food
25Cover Your Cough…Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneezeCough or sneeze into your upper sleeve, not your hands, when a tissue is not availablePut your used tissue in the wastebasketClean your hands after coughing or sneezingWash with soap and water or alcohol- based hand sanitizer
26Antiviral Drugs And Flu… When used for treatment, antiviral drugs can lessen symptoms and shorten the time you are sick by 1 or 2 days.They also can prevent serious flu complications.Treatment with an antiviral drug can mean the difference between having a milder illness versus a very serious illness. Getting the flu could result in a hospital stay for people with a high risk medical condition.
27Antiviral Drugs And Flu… There are two antiviral drugs recommended this season.The brand names for these are:Tamiflu® (generic name oseltamivir)Tamiflu ® is available in pills or liquidRelenza® (generic name zanamivir)Relenza ® is a powder that is inhaled and it is not recommended for people with breathing problems, such as asthma or COPD
28What If I Get Sick?Most people with the flu have mild illness and do not need medical care or antiviral drugsIn most cases, people who get sick with flu symptoms should STAY HOME and avoid contact with others unless they need medical careIf you have symptoms of flu and are very sick or worried about your illness, contact your healthcare provider
29How Long Should I Stay Home… Stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever has subsided except to get medical care or do other things no one else can do for youYour fever should be gone without the use of a fever-reducing medicine, such as Tylenol®You should stay home from work, school, travel, shopping, social events, and public gatherings
305 Steps To Take If You Develop The Flu… Stay at home and restAvoid close contact with well people in your house so you won’t make them sickDrink plenty of water and other clear liquids to prevent fluid loss (dehydration)Treat fever and cough with medicines you can buy at the storeIf you get very sick, are pregnant or have a medical condition that puts you at higher risk of flu complications (like asthma...), call your doctor. You might need antiviral medicine to treat flu.
31Flu Emergencies In Infants… If your infant has any of the following symptoms, call their healthcare provider ASAP:Inability to eatTrouble breathingNo tears when cryingSignificantly fewer wet diapers than normal
32Flu Emergencies In Children… If your child has any of the symptoms below, call their healthcare provider ASAP:Fast or troubled breathingBluish skin colorNot drinking enough fluidsNot waking up or not interactingBeing so irritable that the child does not want to be heldFlu-like symptoms improve, but then return with fever and worsened coughFever with rash
33Flu Emergencies In Adults… If you have any of the symptoms below, call your healthcare provider ASAP:Difficulty breathing or shortness of breathPain or pressure in the chest or abdomenSudden dizzinessConfusionSevere or persistent vomitingFlu-like symptoms improve, but then return with fever and worsened cough
35Symptom Cold Flu Fever Fever is rare with a cold. Fever is usually present with the flu in up to 80% of all flu cases. A temperature of 100°F or higher for 3 to 4 days is associated with the flu.CoughA hacking, productive (mucus- producing) cough is often present with a cold.A non-productive (non-mucus producing) cough is usually present with the flu (sometimes referred to as dry cough).AchesSlight body aches and pains can be part of a cold.Severe aches and pains are common with the flu.Stuffy NoseStuffy nose is common with a cold and typically resolves spontaneously within a week.Stuffy nose is not common with the flu.ChillsChills are uncommon with a cold.60% of people who have the flu experience chills.TirednessTiredness is fairly mild with a cold.Tiredness is moderate to severe with the flu.HeadacheA headache is fairly uncommon with a cold.A headache is very common with the flu, present in 80% of flu cases.Sore ThroatSore throat is common with a cold.Sore throat is not common with the flu.Chest DiscomfortChest discomfort is mild to moderate with a cold.Chest discomfort is often severe with the flu.Sudden SymptomsCold symptoms tend to develop over a few days.The flu has a rapid onset within 3-6 hours. The flu hits hard and includes sudden symptoms like high fever, aches and pains.35
36Evaluation…Please click on the picture below to complete the evaluation
37Source… Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Center For Disease Control and PreventionVaccine Information Statement “Influenza Vaccine ”World Health OrganizationIf you use any of this information, please site the Hamilton County Health Department37