2 Smoking StatisticsTobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States claiming 440,00 lives each year.It accounts for 1 in 5 deaths in the United States.It accounts for between $50 billion and $73 billion in medical expenses.In the course of a lifetime, the average smoker can expect to spend tens of thousands of dollars on cigarettes.
3 Tobacco contains 4,00+ compounds and toxic substances Tobacco ComponentsNicotineA dangerous, colorless, oily compound.Highly addictive stimulant both physically and psychologically.Nicotine spreads to the nervous system within 8 seconds.Gases,Vapors,Chemicals and CompoundsCarbon monoxide and dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, acetone, cadmium, pyridine, benzene, phenol, acrolin, vinyl chloride, hydrogen cyanide and sulfide, formaldehyde, and ammonia.Tar which Contains numerous cancer-causing particles (carcinogens) that remain in the lungs.Tobacco contains 4,00+ compounds and toxic substances
4 The Immediate Effects Of Nicotine On The Body BrainNicotine first stimulates the nervous system, then triggers release of tranquilizing brain neurotransmitters and hormones (dopamine, acetylcholine and adrenaline).LungsThe bloodstream absorbs nicotine from the lungs.HeartNicotine causes the heartbeat to quicken.Blood VesselsNicotine causes the blood vessels to constrict, causing higher blood pressure.Figure 12.1
11 Other Forms of Tobacco Cigars Clove “Safer” Cigarettes Cigarettes BidisSmokelessTobaccoPipes
12 The Dangers Of Cigarettes Versus Cigars Figure 12.4
13 Smokeless Tobacco 15 million Americans Just as addictive as cigarette smoking.Associated Health Problems:Gingivitis, peridontitis, oral cancer, premature death, more cavities, sore gums, bad breath, stained teeth, diminished sense of smell and taste, increased heart rate and blood pressure, and addiction.
14 Environmental Tobacco Smoke Secondhand cigarette smoke is the most hazardous form of indoor air pollution.Causes 3,000 deaths from lung cancer.Increases the risk of heart disease, some cancers, sick leave rates, asthma, wheezing and bronchitis.Mainstream smokeSidestream smokePrenatal exposure to tobaccoSudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
17 Living Smoke Free Use delaying tactics. Distract yourself. Establish nonsmoking hours.Never smoke two packs of the same brand in a row.Make it harder to get your cigarettes.Change the way you smoke.Keep daily records.Stop completely for just one day at a time.Spend more time in places where you can’t smoke.Go cold turkey.