Presentation on theme: "Words for Production 1. weird [ wIrd ] adj. very strange, unusual, and unexpected 奇怪的，怪異的 That's weird — one minute ago the wallet was still in my pocket."— Presentation transcript:
Words for Production 1. weird [ wIrd ] adj. very strange, unusual, and unexpected 奇怪的，怪異的 That's weird — one minute ago the wallet was still in my pocket. Now it is gone.
Words for Production 2. outbreak [`a5t&brek] n. [C] a sudden beginning of something dangerous or unpleasant, such as a disease or a war 爆發 Racial problems led to the outbreak of the war between the two countries.
Words for Production 3. strain [stren] n. [C] a particular type of something 種類，品種 Scientists have discovered a new strain of the virus that causes mad cow disease.
Words for Production 4. province [`prAvIns] n. [C] an area governed as part of a country 省，州 Ontario is the second largest province in Canada.
Words for Production 5. poultry [`poltrI] n. pl. birds, such as chickens and ducks, raised for eggs or meat 家禽 Fewer and fewer people in Taiwan keep poultry, such as chickens, at home.
Words for Production 6. malady [`m8l1dI] n. [C] (formal) a disease 疾病 All the crops seemed to suffer from the same mysterious malady that year.
Words for Production 7. confirm [k1n`f3m] vt. to make sure of something which was not completely certain before 證實 The smell of cigarette confirms my suspicion that somebody has just smoked here.
Words for Production 8. germ [dZ3m] n. [C] a very small organism that causes disease 病菌 Washing your hands regularly is an effective way to get rid of germs.
Words for Production 9. avenue [`8v1&nju] n. [C] a way or method of achieving something 途徑 ，方法 Scientists are exploring every avenue to minimize the effects of global warming.
Words for Production 10. infection [In`fEkS1n] n. [U][C] the act or process of causing or getting a disease; a disease that is caused by bacteria or a virus 傳染，感染；傳染病 Doctors and nurses have to wear protective masks and clothing to reduce the risk of infection when taking care of SARS patients. Would you like to know more...
infect [In`fEkt] vt. 使傳染，使感染 The hospital was full of patients who were infected with dengue fever.
infectious [In`fEkS1s] adj. 傳染 ( 性 ) 的 The new infectious disease has been reported to be life-threatening.
Words for Production 11. unmistakable [&^nm1`stek1bL] adj. obvious and not likely to be confused with something else 明顯的，不會弄錯的 Mrs. White's diamond ring makes her an instant and unmistakable target for robbery.
Words for Production 12. transmission [tr8ns`mIS1n] n. [U] the process of passing something from a person, thing, or place to another 傳染，傳播 Mosquito bites open an avenue to the transmission of dengue fever. Would you like to know more...
transmit [tr8ns`mIt] vt. 傳染，傳播 Some diseases are transmitted from one generation to another.
Words for Production 13. enterprise [`Ent2&praIz] n. [U][C] enthusiasm to do something new or challenging, despite risks; a company or organization intended for profit-making 企圖心，進取心；企業，公司 P.S. The example sentences are on the next page.
13. enterprise As a man of enterprise, Bill never hesitates to make ambitious and risky moves to expand his business. Some graduates want to work in private enterprise, while others want to work in government-owned industry. Words for Production
14. enhance [In`h8ns] vt. to improve the quality, strength, or value of something 提高，增加 The colorful flowers in the garden enhance the beauty of the mansion.
Words for Production 15. displace [dIs`ples] vt. to force a group of animals or people to move away from their usual place 使移居 ，迫使離開 The building of the dam will displace thousands of people who live in the area.
Words for Production 16. bombard [bAm`bArd] vt.; vi. to attack a place continuously and heavily with shooting or bombs; to attack someone with questions or criticisms 轟炸，砲轟；抨擊 P.S. The example sentences are on the next page.
Words for Production 16. bombard The army bombarded the city for days, killing and injuring thousands of people. The lecture was bombarded with questions after his speech.
Words for Production 17. inflammation [&Infl1`meS1n] n. [U] the condition in which a part of the body becomes red, sore, and swollen as a result of injury or infection 炎症，發炎 Some babies may develop inflammation of the eye a few days after birth.
Words for Production 18. authority [1`TOr1tI] n. [C] (usu. pl.) the group of people or an organization who have the power to make decisions or have official responsibility for a particular area 當局 The health authorities should take immediate action to prevent further spread of the disease.
Words for Production 19. slaughter [ `slOt2 ] vt. to cruelly kill people or animals in large numbers 屠殺 More than three hundred thousand Chinese people were slaughtered in the 1937 Nanking Massacre.
Words for Production 20. ecosystem [`iko&sIst1m] n. [C] all the living things in a particular area and the way they affect one another and the environment 生態 系統 Even the simplest form of water pollution can have a disastrous impact on the ecosystem of the ocean.
Words for Production 21. decade [`dEked] n. [C] a period of ten years 十年 The movie star was recognized as the most influential entertainer in the last decade of the 20th century.
Words for Production 22. breakdown [`brek&da5n] n. [C] a failure of a system, relationship, or discussion ( 制度 ) 崩潰； ( 會談 ) 破裂 The employees decided to go on strike after the breakdown of talks with their employers.
Words for Production 23. reminder [rI`maInd2] n. [C] something that makes one think about or remember someone or something else 提醒物，提醒者 This photo will be a reminder of your stay in Australia. Would you like to know more...
remind [rI`maInd] vt. 提醒 The way the woman walks reminds me of my mother.
Words for Production 24. novel [`nAvL] adj. new and original 新的，新穎的，嶄新的 Drawing a big eye on each wing of an airplane is a novel way of keeping birds from getting too close to airplane engines in the air.
Words for Production 25. syndrome [`sIn&drom] n. [C] a combination of medical problems that go together and show the existence of a particular disease or mental condition 症候群 People over the age of forty should check with their doctors regularly to see if they have any syndromes closely associated with cancer.
Words for Production 26. primitive [`prIm1tIv] adj. undeveloped; very simple and old-fashioned 未開化的，簡陋的 It is inconvenient and uncomfortable to live in a primitive village where there is no electricity or tap water.
Words for Production 27. simultaneously [&saImL`tenI1slI] adv. at the same time 同時地 All the audience applauded simultaneously when the speaker finished her speech. Would you like to know more...
simultaneous [&saImL`tenI1s] adj. 同時的 Scientists are concerned about the unusual simultaneous earthquakes along the coast last week.
Words for Production 28. generate [`dZEn1&ret] vt. to cause something to exist 產生 The new power plant can generate electricity for two thousand homes a day.
Words for Production 29. lessen [`lEsN] vt. to make something smaller, weaker, or less important 降低，減輕，減少 Doctors insist on stricter preventive measures against the disease to lessen the risk of new infections.
Words for Production 30. strategy [`str8t1dZI] n. [C] a carefully designed plan for achieving a particular purpose 策略，對策 Mass production is one of Ford's marketing strategies in the motor vehicle industry.
Words for Production 31. vaccine [`v8ksin] n. [C][U] a substance made from a virus used for protecting people against a specific disease 疫苗 Dozens of vaccines against AIDS are in varying stages of development.
Words for Production 32. wilderness [`wIld2nIs] n. [C] (usu. sing.) a large area that has never been used or developed due to the extreme environmental conditions there 荒野，荒地 Modern agricultural technology has turned the wilderness into farmland.
Words for Production 33. surveillance [s3`vel1ns] n. [U] close watch on a person, a place or an activity 監視 The nightclub has been kept under surveillance because of suspected illegal activities.
Words for Production 34. track [tr8k] vt. to follow the marks or signs left by a target 追蹤，跟蹤 At night, the army use satellites to track their targets. Would you like to know more...
track [tr8k] n. [C] 蹤跡 The hunters followed the tracks of the tiger for hours and found it in a cave.
Words for Production 35. monitor [`mAn1t2] vt. to watch and check something carefully for a period of time in order to see how it develops 監控，監視 The CIA is monitoring the man's phone calls because they suspect him of being a terrorist.
1. Ebola fever [I`bOl1 `fiv2] n. [U] also Ebola hemorrhagic fever, an infectious and dangerous disease characterized by fevers, chills, internal and external bleeding, and chest pain 伊波拉出血熱 Words for Recognition
2. Belgium [`bEldZI1m] n. [U] a country of northwest Europe 比利時 Words for Recognition
3. Netherlands [`nED2l1ndz] n. [U] (the ~) a country of northwest Europe 荷蘭 Words for Recognition
4. microbe [`maIkrob] n. [C] a very small living thing, especially one that causes disease 細菌；微生物 Words for Recognition
5. smallpox [`smOl&pAks] n. [U] a serious infectious disease which causes fever, spots on the skin, and even death 天花 Words for Recognition
6. rafter [`r8ft2] n. [C] one of the large sloping pieces of wood which holds up a roof 椽 Words for Recognition
7. Nipah virus [`nip1 `vaIr1s] n. [C] a newly recognized virus, discovered in 1999, causing disease in animals and in humans through contact with infected animals 立百病毒 Words for Recognition
8. ape [ep] n. [C] a monkey-like animal that has no tail, such as gorillas and chimpanzees 猿 Words for Recognition
9. chimpanzee [&tSImp8n`zi] n. [C] a small and intelligent African ape 黑猩猩 Words for Recognition
10. corona virus [k1`ron1 `vaIr1s] n. [C] a virus that causes SARS 冠狀病毒 Words for Recognition
11. hybrid [`haIbrId] n. [C] a virus, plant, or animal bred from two different species 混種 Words for Recognition
12. stockpile [`stAk&paIl] vt. to store a large supply of something for future use 儲備 Words for Recognition
1. wipe out to destroy something completely 使消滅，使徹底摧毀 The landslide wiped out the whole village during the typhoon. Idioms and Phrases
2. at the mercy of in a situation where one cannot protect himself/herself from someone or something 任憑 … 處置 The sailors didn't know if they could return home safely as their ships were at the mercy of the violent storm. Idioms and Phrases
3. undreamed of beyond one's imagination 想都沒想過的，做夢都想不到的 To those who lived centuries ago, the cyber world was completely undreamed of. Idioms and Phrases
4. at a fast clip quickly; at a fast speed 快速地 These new policies will help the economy grow at a fast clip. Idioms and Phrases
5. crop up to appear or happen unexpectedly 突然出現或發生 I cannot hand in the report today. Last night, some computer problems cropped up and damaged the file just when I was about to finish it. Idioms and Phrases
6. hold all the cards to have all the advantages in a particular situation so that one can control what happens 掌握全局 In the battle against cancer, no medical professionals can claim they hold all the cards as none of them can promise a cure. Idioms and Phrases
7. push back to cause someone or something to move backward 使 … 向後退；使敗退 Because their food supply was cut off, the enemy was once again pushed back. Idioms and Phrases
8. dead end a situation with no hope of advancement 絕境 The two countries have come to a dead end in their efforts to find a peaceful solution. Idioms and Phrases
9. burn oneself out to make oneself exhausted or ill by working too hard 耗盡；累垮，精疲 力竭 After working seven days a week for several months, William burned himself out. Idioms and Phrases
10. set off to make something start happening 引起，引發 The discovery of gold in California set off one of the greatest gold rushes in history. Idioms and Phrases
11. come of to result from 從 … 產生 Most citizens wondered if anything good would come of the government's new policy. Idioms and Phrases