3What is a STD/STI?STD- Sexually Transmitted Disease are infections spread from person to person through sexual contactAKA STI- Sexually Transmitted InfectionSTIs are easily be transmitted from one person to another. (communicable diseases)There are approximately 25 STDs worldwideNot all STDs show symptoms (asymptomatic) or symptoms are mild and disappear after the onset of the infectionApproximately 9 million young people between will be come infected with STDs each year. There are about 20 million new cases each year.“Silent Epidemic”
7Genital HPV Infections Over 6 Million new cases each year in the U.S.Can cause genital warts & may lead to cervical cancer in femalesMost infected individuals have no symptoms or symptoms disappear without treatmentVaccine (preventative) is available for males and females
9Affects the reproductive organs of both males and females ChlamydiaAffects the reproductive organs of both males and femalesAbout 2.8 million Americans get chlamydiaeach year.It is the most common STD among teens.Females are 3x more likely to contract than malesAlthough there are typically no symptoms; however, chlamydia may cause PID, pelvic pain, and infertility (males/females)Females with chlamydia are 5x more likely to become infected with HIV if exposed
11Genital herpes Caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus HSV1 Cold Sores HSV2 Genital Sores45 Million people in the U.S. 12 years and older have contract genital herpesMany individuals are asymptomatic; however- virus typically causes sores within the first 2 weeks of contraction and will take several weeks to heal, eventually followed by shorter less severe outbreaks that occur on and off over yearsTreatment is available but there is no cure
13Gonorrhea More than 700,000 Americans are infected with Gonorrhea Many males are asymptomatic meanwhile females tend to have mild symptomsInfected individuals may experience severe medical problems if untreated… such as infertility, joint problems, and eye issues/blindness when passed from mother to child during birth.2nd most commonly reported STD in U.S.
15Trich causes infections to the vagina, urethra, and bladder TrichomoniasisTrich causes infections to the vagina, urethra, and bladder7.4 million new cases occur every year in the U.S.Symptoms include temporary irritation to the penis, mild discharge, burning sensation, and vaginitis (inflammatory disease)… Babies born with trich are often premature and/or have a low birth weightFemales have increase rate of contracting HIV if exposed to trich infection
17The infection produces a skin rash for a few weeks then disappears SyphilisThe infection passes through three stages.Stage 1-A sore appears on the external genitals or the vagina, disappears after a few weeksStage 2-The infection produces a skin rash for a few weeks then disappearsStage 3-Syphilis can damage internal organs, cause brain dementia, and may cause deathTreatment available during early stages
19Vocab Terms STD- Sexually Transmitted Disease STI- Sexually Transmitted InfectionCommunicable Disease- A disease that is spread from one living organism to another through the environmentAsymptomatic- People who are infected show no symptoms or the infections produce mild symptoms that disappearSymptomatic- People who are infected show symptoms
21Which STDs can be asymptomatic? BELL ringerWhich STDs can be asymptomatic?Why should a person who is asymptomatic seek testing after being exposed to an STD?Remember you should be providing thoughtful ideas in complete sentences.Minimum of 2 Today.
23Bell RingerIdentify at least THREE specific types of sexual contact or other means in which STIs/STDs may spread.
24Modes of Transmission Oral, Vaginal & Anal Intercourse Direct Contact with Sores (and other symptoms)KissingDuring PregnancySkin to Skin ContactSharing NeedlesFluid ExchangePlease Note: Mode of Transmission Varies for Each STI…To Learn More About How Each STI Is Spread- Check Out Your Book
25What is the Difference? Risk Factors Protective Factors Any variable, characteristic, or exposure that increases the likelihood [risk] of developing a disease or injury.Any variable or characteristic that decreases or eliminate risk [STI] therefore increasing the health and well-being of an individual.
26HS Diploma Divorce Family Form Values & Goals HS Dropout Depression AbstinenceAgeDivorceHS DiplomaParents havehigh levelof educationIncomeSexually Active PeersParent was aTeen ParentSelf-EsteemOlder FriendsDrug & Alcohol UseSharedFamily ValuesMultiple Sexual PartnersParent-ChildCommunicationFamily FormSibling(s) or Peer(s)begin having earlysexual encountersSerial MonogamyConnection to SchoolValues & GoalsHealth CareParental disapprovalof premaritalor teen sexEarlySexual ActivityOlder Partner (BF/GF)Parental Interest/SupervisionPositive FamilyInteractionsHS DropoutLack of knowledge about Birth Control Methods
27Multiple Sexual Partners Lack of knowledge about Birth Control Methods DepressionAbstinenceAgeDivorceHS DiplomaParents havehigh levelof educationIncomeSexually Active PeersParent was aTeen ParentSelf-EsteemOlder FriendsDrug & Alcohol UseSharedFamily ValuesMultiple Sexual PartnersParent-ChildCommunicationFamily FormSibling(s) or Peer(s)begin having earlysexual encountersSerial MonogamyConnection to SchoolValues & GoalsHealth CareParental disapprovalof premaritalor teen sexEarlySexual ActivityOlder Partner (BF/GF)Parental Interest/SupervisionPositive FamilyInteractionsHS DropoutLack of knowledge about Birth Control Methods
28Questions are available on my teacher website if needed when at home. HOMEWORKDirections: Using the idea of risk and protective factors as well as the examples provided during class, answer the questions below.Identify 2 PROTECTIVE factors that you have in your life that may help reduce your risk of contracting an STI. Please explain why you think each factor will specifically help in STI prevention. Identify at least 1 RISK factor that you have in your life that may increase your risk of contracting an STI. Please explain why you think the factor will specifically increase the chances of getting an STI. Questions are available on my teacher website if needed when at home.
29Diagnosing and Treating STDs Getting HelpDiagnosing and Treating STDs
30Avoiding High-Risk Behaviors & STDs Each month about 750,000 teens are diagnosed with an STD.Avoiding High-Risk Behaviors & STDsHigh Risk Behaviors:Being sexually active with more than one personEngaging in unprotected sexEngaging in sexual activity with high risk partnersUsing alcohol and other drugs
32Getting Help: Diagnosing & Treating STDS STI Tests:Physical ExamBlood TestUrine TestVisual InspectionTesting of SoreSpecimen CollectionPAP SmearThe Pap smear is a screening test for cervical cancer. Cells scraped from the opening of the cervix are examined under a microscope. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the top of the vagina.Who can complete these medical tests, exams, inspections, collections, and procedures?Only a trained medical professional can determine which test will most effectively screen for a particular STD and then based on results prescribe medication and monitor the patients treatment.
33Getting Help: Diagnosing & Treating STDS Bacterial InfectionsChlamydia, Gonorrhea, Trich, and SyphilisCan be Treated & CuredViral InfectionsHPV and Genital HerpesCan be Treated BUT No CureAntibiotics- are a class of chemical agents that destroy disease causing microorganisms while leaving the individual unharmedThe only methodthat is100%successful in preventing the contraction and spread of STIs is ABSTINENCE.
34Where can I Seek Help? National HIV and STD Testing Resources THE CDC Planned ParenthoodPhysician (Doctor)Office of Adolescent Health.gov
35The STD EpidemicThe CDC (center for disease control) estimates that each year ____________________ people are infected with and STDAlmost half are under the age of _________Top reasons STDs go undiagnosed and untreated…._______________________________19 million24Embarrassment or fearLack of symptomsMisinformation
36Exit TicketYour best friend comes to you and tell you that he/she thinks they have an STI.What are the first THREE meaningful questions you would ask them?What are the TWO comforting things/pieces of advice you would give them?What is the ONE thing you would do to be a good friend to them right now in this situation?