Presentation on theme: "Health Surveillance in Shelters Shelter Surveillance Work Group January 21, 2014 MMRS."— Presentation transcript:
Health Surveillance in Shelters Shelter Surveillance Work Group January 21, 2014 MMRS
Objectives Describe how surveillance can be conducted in anemergency shelter to increase situational awareness ofdisease and illness during disasters. Describe how surveillance can be conducted in an emergency shelter to increase situational awareness of disease and illness during disasters. Describe how shelter surveillance has been used innational disasters, such as the response to HurricaneSandy. Describe how shelter surveillance has been used in national disasters, such as the response to Hurricane Sandy. Explain protocol and process for conductingsurveillance in emergency shelters and gain knowledgein preventing and managing outbreak situations inshelters. Explain protocol and process for conducting surveillance in emergency shelters and gain knowledge in preventing and managing outbreak situations in shelters. Understand how facility-specific environmental healthand safety assessments are performed at emergencyshelters during disasters. Understand how facility-specific environmental health and safety assessments are performed at emergency shelters during disasters. Demonstrate the use of the shelter surveillance forms byreviewing case studies. Demonstrate the use of the shelter surveillance forms by reviewing case studies.
How do you know when you have a health problem in your shelter?
“Disasters are defined by what they do to people. Otherwise, they are simply interesting geological or meteorological phenomena.” Eric Noji, book editor – The Public Health Consequences of Disasters
Public Health Capability – Mass Care Function 4: Monitor mass care population health. Task 2: During an incident, conduct surveillance at congregate locations to identify cases of illness, injury, and exposure within mass care populations.
Shelter Syndromic Surveillance – Hurricane Katrina Aug 29, shelters established in Georgia Data collected: Census data Symptoms consistent with outbreak potential Chronic conditions Injuries Medical referrals Single day maximum residents - 1,504 persons; average of 122 people Source: Advances in Disease Surveillance 2007: 2:148.
Hurricane Katrina 13 shelters assessed over a 21-day period Norovirus outbreak in 1 shelter Hypertension (33 cases/1,000 resident- days) Diarrhea (9 cases/1,000 resident-days) Cough (9 cases/1,000 resident-days) Skin infections (8 cases/1,000 resident- days)
It’s getting closer…Hurricane Sandy NY Response & Shelter Surveillance Most common reason for visits were follow- up care, mental health and exacerbation of chronic conditions NJ Response Field team focused on largest shelters, those expecting to remain open the longest and those with Red Cross Health Services (21 shelters) About 50% presented with acute symptoms; 33% follow-up care
What is health surveillance in shelters? Collecting health information on illness and injury to monitor the health of individuals in an emergency shelter Goals: Prevent outbreaks or implement infection control measures at the onset of an outbreak Prevent the spread of communicable diseases Implement measures to prevent injuries
Conducting Health Surveillance Recommended that it starts within 24 hours of shelter activation Request for assistance can be made to the State Emergency Operations Center (SEOC) Emergency Support Function (ESF) 8 Desk Three forms to assist with surveillance
Prevention Measures o Triage o Give symptomatic evacuees with a cough a mask and direct to the Medical Unit or a separate area for registration o Encourage hand hygiene and cough etiquette o Place hand sanitizer by the food, make sure there is soap in the restrooms o Place posters and educational materials in high traffic areas
Provide personal protective equipment (e.g. gloves, masks) to shelter workers when in contact with sick residents or in contact with bodily fluids Prevention Measures
Illness and Outbreaks in a Shelter o Signs and symptoms associated with communicable diseases: o Vomiting, fever, diarrhea, cough, sore throat, rash, stiff/sore neck o When illness is suspected: o Escort the resident to the Medical Unit or notify the unit and stay with the resident/worker until medical support arrives o Call 911 if it is an emergency
Illness and Outbreaks in a Shelter o If a resident or worker is suspected to have a communicable disease of concern (e.g. cough with blood) or there are 3 or more residents/workers with similar symptoms within a 24 hour period: o Document incident in the Medical Unit Activity Log and the Medical Unit Leader should consult with the Shelter Manager o Shelter Manager contacts NH Division of Public Health Services by phone and works with them to implement control measures
Guidance for Medical Unit A table from the “Infection Prevention and Control for Shelters During Disasters” is included Provides recommendations for isolation and contact precautions
Infection Control Triage Symptoms/Syndrome Isolation Precaution Category 1 Individual Placement/ Separation Requires medical professional assessment Respiratory Cough, runny nose, watery eyesStandardNoneNo Fever (Temp > 100 F*) & cough in adults Droplet Cohorting; Spatial distancing2 Yes Fever (Temp > 100 F*) & cough in children Droplet Contact Cohorting; Spatial distancing2 Yes Fever (Temp > 100 F*), cough with bloody sputum, and weight loss Airborne3 AIIR^ or negative pressure area/room; Cohorting; Spatial distancing2 Yes Diarrhea or Vomiting VomitingStandardSocial distancing3Yes Loose or unformed stoolsStandardNoneNo Watery or explosive stools, with or without blood ContactCohorting; Spatial distancing2 Yes
Conducting Health Surveillance Forms Natural Disaster Morbidity Surveillance “Individual Form” Natural Disaster Morbidity Surveillance “Summary Report” Environmental Health Assessment Form Forms were developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Environmental Health Assessment Form Completed each operational period by the municipal Health Officer or other designated Environmental Health Specialist and submitted to the shelter manager for review Does not need to be sent to the SEOC, for local/regional use for environmental assessments
“Individual Form” Completed for each individual that visits the Medical Unit of First Aid Station by the staff Considered a confidential document Can be attached or included with the narrative or notes on the patient visit Do not post to WebEOC and do not send to the SEOC
“Summary Report” Completed using the information from the “Individual Forms” by the Medical Unit Leader or designee Submitted each operational period to the SEOC ESF 8 desk by phone or HAM radio Not a confidential document because it does not contain personal identifiers and is aggregate data
Case Study #1 A 29 yo female shows up at the registration desk with red, watery eyes and states that she has some muscle aches She has 3 children, the youngest is a 9 mo who is breast feeding and has loose stools This person is referred from registration to the medical station
Case Study #1 Cont. At the medical station the 29 yo is found to have a semi productive cough and a fever of F. The 9 mo year old is afebrile and has no other symptoms
Questions What type of precautions should be taken for the mom? What type of precautions should be taken for the baby? Where should they be housed within the shelter? What type of education is needed for the family?
Answers The mom is given a mask to wear and encouraged to call her doctor Make sure the mom has enough diapering supplies for the night The family is given their own room to stay in Educate the mom on hand hygiene and cough etiquette
Filling out the individual form – 29 year old mom
Filling out the individual form – 9 month old
Filling out the summary form 2 patients seen at the Medical Unit on 10/4/2013 29 yo female 9 mo
Case 2 A 12 yo comes in to the medical station with a diffuse rash and an oral temp of 99.9 F Rash is itching and started 2 days prior to coming to the shelter
Questions What precautions should you take for the 12 yo? Does he need to be separated from others in the shelter?
Answers This person is monitored by shelter medical staff, and they are encouraged to return to the medical station if symptoms change
Case 3 A 68 year old male using portable oxygen arrives at the medical station complaining of a cough and runny nose He has a productive cough and is short of breath, unable to complete whole sentences
Questions What immediate actions need to be taken with this shelter resident? How should this be documented? Who should be notified about this incident?
Answers The breathing issue is priority over the infectious disease symptoms, call 911 The client is encouraged to sit down and is monitored continuously by medical staff until EMS arrives The shelter manager is made aware that 911 has been called A shelter volunteer is sent to the parking lot to receive EMS and direct responders to the patient
Case 4 The first lunch is being served since the shelter opened It is hamburgers and salad The hamburger is properly cooked, but the lettuce is packaged About 48 hours after this lunch, 4 shelter residents start complaining of nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
Questions What actions should be taken with the food staff? What actions should be taken in the kitchen/ food prep area? What precautions should be taken for the 4 ill shelter residents? Who should you notify about this incident?
Answers Check to see if any of the food handlers and ill and if they are, ask them to stop handling and working with food Make sure workers aren’t touching ready made food with their bare hands Make sure the food prep area is cleaned and proper food handling procedures are being followed Send the 4 residents to the Medical Unit and isolate them into classrooms or a separate area of the shelter; ideally, give them a separate bathroom to use from the general shelter residents Educate the residents on hand hygiene Since more than 3 shelter residents with similar symptoms in a 24 hour period, the shelter manager calls NH DPHS
Acknowledgements o Shelter Surveillance Work Group Phil Alexakos Ashley Conley Mary Cook Ken Dufault Ian Dyar Michelle McFadden Darlene Morse Deb Perkins Carole Totzkay o Emergency Services Unit o NH DHHS o NH HSEM
Contact Information o Darlene Morse o NH DHHS o o o Ashley Conley o City of Nashua, Division of Public Health and Community Services o o