3Sexually Transmitted Diseases Commonly known as “STI’s”Infections that spread from person to person through sexual contact.More than 25 known STD’sCases can go unreported due to:Shame, fear, or ignorance.
4FactsEstimated 19 million people contract one or more STDs in the U.S. each year.Half between ages of 15 and 24.65 million people have a viral STD (incurable).The body does not build up immunity to STD’s, re-infection can occur.Symptoms of some STD’s may go away without treatment, but the disease remains in the body.It is possible to have an STD without knowing it.
5Why does it continue to grow? Reasons:No symptomsDelay between infection and the appearance of symptoms.Symptoms go away while disease damages the body.Uneducated about STDsBelieve they are immune
6High risk for teensEngage in unprotected intercourse (oral, anal, vaginal)Alcohol & DrugsMultiple partnersPartners who have a history of intravenous drug use
7STI MisconceptionsIf I only engage in oral sex, I can't contract a sexually transmitted infectionThe Truth STIs can be transmitted through oral sex, vaginal sex, anal sex and in some cases, heavy petting. Penile penetration is not a prerequisite for disease transmission. In fact, the number of cases of gonorrhea of the throat are increasing!If I have an STI, I will recognize the symptoms immediatelyThe Truth In most women (and some men), there are often virtually NO symptoms of STIs. Not only can a partner not tell if a woman or man has an STI, the person with the STI often does not know.I am not promiscuous and neither are the people I hang out with…it's unlikelythat the people I would sleep with would be carrying somethingThe Truth Females are more susceptible to acquiring STIs than males because their anatomy is more prone to infection in general. In addition, contracting STIs has nothing to do with cleanliness or grooming. Contracting an STI has everything to do with being intimate with someone who is already infected. The more partners you have or have had, the greater your chances of having an STI. The more partners your partner has or has had, the greater your partner's chances of having a STI.
9Human Papillomavirus (HPV) A virus that causes genital warts and warts on other parts of the body.Most commonly contracted STDMany cases go unnoticed or unreported.6 million contract HPV each year in U.S.Does not have symptoms.
10Genital WartsSoft, moist, pink or red swellings that appear on the genitals.Caused by HPV.Grow in clusters- spread to large massesFemalesFound on the vulva, cervix or around anusMalesOn penis, on scrotum or around anusRarely found in the mouth or throat
11TreatmentGenital Warts may disappear or removed by laser or frozen, burned, or cut off.Antiviral drug can be injected into larger warts.Removal of warts does not eliminate the virus, warts can recur.
12Chlamydia Caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Most common bacterial STI in U.S.Affects urinary tract and reproductive.Early symptoms (1-3 weeks):Unusual vaginal/penis dischargeBurning sensation when urinatingUnexplained vaginal bleeding between menstrual periodsPain and swelling of the testiclesTreatment: antibotic
13Gonorrhea “Clap” or “Drip” Caused by bacteria that live in warm, moist areas of the body, such as mucous membranes. (mouth, throat, vagina, cervix, urethra, anus)Treatment- antibiotics
14Gonorrhea Males: 20-24 years old Symptoms: watery discharge from penis Itching/ burning at the urethral openingPain when urinatingTesticle swellingFemales: years oldSymptoms: none-mildThick yellow or white dischargeBurning urinatingPain during menstruationLower abdominal painPassed to infants
15Genital HerpesCaused by herpes simplex virus- cold sores in or near the mouth.Spread through open sores during sexual contactCan still be transmitted when lesions not presentHSV I- cold sores/fever blisters around mouthHSV II- genital lesions45 million in U.S. (700,000 each year)SymptomsBlisters on or around genitals or rectumFever or swollen glandsPainful lesionsNewborns can contractNo cure
16Hepatitis (HBV)A viral STD that attacks the liver and can cause extreme illness and death.Hepatitis A- transmitted through oral contact with contaminated food or water or sexual contact.Hepatitis B- spread through sexual contact, blood, semen, saliva, vaginal secretions and urine.Needles, syringes, tattooingHepatitis C- passed through contact with infected blood.Sexual intercourse, mothers to newborns
17Hepatitis Symptoms Fatigue Diarrhea Nausea Abdominal pain Jaundice Dark urineEnlarged liver – cirrhosis or cancerNo medical treatment
18Syphilis Spread through sexual activity (vaginal, oral, anal) Spread by direct contact with a chancre- a painless sore or infectious rashPrimary Stage weeks of exposureSmall, red, pea sized bump- round soreChancre- painless soreNo treatment- disappears 3-6 weeksSecondary StageInfectious rash on palms of hands or soles of feet.Flu like symptoms, hair loss, and weight loss.Rash disappearsLate SyphilisExternal signs disappear – organism remains in body damaging organs- brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones and joints.Slow loss of muscle coordination, paralysis, blindness and dementia.Damage to tissues- severe- death
19Vaginitis Inflammation of the vagina caused by various organisms. Trichomoniasis- caused by parasiteIrritation, mild discharge, burning when urinating, itching, discomfort during intercourseBacterial Vaginosis (BV)- caused by imbalance of bacteria normally found in the vagina.White or gray discharge, itching/burningIncreased risk of other STD’s
20Public Lice Tiny parasitic insects, “crabs” that infest genital area. Spread through sexual contact, underwear, sheets, towelsIntense itching in pubic hairMedicated shampoosScabies- infestation of the skin with microscopic mites.Spread through bedding, clothing4-6 weeks- pimple like rash- severe itching
21AIDS/HIVAcquired immune deficiency syndrome- is a potentially fatal disorder that interferes with the body’s natural ability to fight infection.Final stage of infection caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- a virus that attacks the immune system.Transmitted- the virus must enter the individuals blood.Blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk.Breaks in the capillaries of mucous membranes.Needles
22Treating STD’s Can be prevented- responsible Recognize STD symptoms-seek treatmentFollow doctor’s orders for treatment and take all medication prescribed. Finish all even if symptoms have gone away.Notify everyone with whom the person has had any sexual contact.Abstinence only effective method of preventing re-infection or transmission of STDs.