Presentation on theme: "Do Now Write down any questions you have about STD’s. Write down as many STD’s that you can think of."— Presentation transcript:
Do Now Write down any questions you have about STD’s. Write down as many STD’s that you can think of.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Senior Health
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Commonly known as “STI’s” Infections that spread from person to person through sexual contact. More than 25 known STD’s Cases can go unreported due to: Shame, fear, or ignorance.
Facts Estimated 19 million people contract one or more STDs in the U.S. each year. Half between ages of 15 and 24. 65 million people have a viral STD (incurable). The body does not build up immunity to STD’s, re- infection can occur. Symptoms of some STD’s may go away without treatment, but the disease remains in the body. It is possible to have an STD without knowing it.
Why does it continue to grow? Reasons: No symptoms Delay between infection and the appearance of symptoms. Symptoms go away while disease damages the body. Uneducated about STDs Believe they are immune
High risk for teens Engage in unprotected intercourse (oral, anal, vaginal) Alcohol & Drugs Multiple partners Partners who have a history of intravenous drug use
STI Misconceptions If I only engage in oral sex, I can't contract a sexually transmitted infection The Truth STIs can be transmitted through oral sex, vaginal sex, anal sex and in some cases, heavy petting. Penile penetration is not a prerequisite for disease transmission. In fact, the number of cases of gonorrhea of the throat are increasing! If I have an STI, I will recognize the symptoms immediately The Truth In most women (and some men), there are often virtually NO symptoms of STIs. Not only can a partner not tell if a woman or man has an STI, the person with the STI often does not know. I am not promiscuous and neither are the people I hang out with…it's unlikely that the people I would sleep with would be carrying something The Truth Females are more susceptible to acquiring STIs than males because their anatomy is more prone to infection in general. In addition, contracting STIs has nothing to do with cleanliness or grooming. Contracting an STI has everything to do with being intimate with someone who is already infected. The more partners you have or have had, the greater your chances of having an STI. The more partners your partner has or has had, the greater your partner's chances of having a STI.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) A virus that causes genital warts and warts on other parts of the body. Most commonly contracted STD Many cases go unnoticed or unreported. 6 million contract HPV each year in U.S. Does not have symptoms.
Genital Warts Soft, moist, pink or red swellings that appear on the genitals. Caused by HPV. Grow in clusters- spread to large masses Females Found on the vulva, cervix or around anus Males On penis, on scrotum or around anus Rarely found in the mouth or throat
Treatment Genital Warts may disappear or removed by laser or frozen, burned, or cut off. Antiviral drug can be injected into larger warts. Removal of warts does not eliminate the virus, warts can recur.
Chlamydia Caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Most common bacterial STI in U.S. Affects urinary tract and reproductive. Early symptoms (1-3 weeks): Unusual vaginal/penis discharge Burning sensation when urinating Unexplained vaginal bleeding between menstrual periods Pain and swelling of the testicles Treatment: antibotic
Gonorrhea “Clap” or “Drip” Caused by bacteria that live in warm, moist areas of the body, such as mucous membranes. (mouth, throat, vagina, cervix, urethra, anus) Treatment- antibiotics
Gonorrhea Males: years old Symptoms: watery discharge from penis Itching/ burning at the urethral opening Pain when urinating Testicle swelling Females: years old Symptoms: none-mild Thick yellow or white discharge Burning urinating Pain during menstruation Lower abdominal pain Passed to infants
Genital Herpes Caused by herpes simplex virus- cold sores in or near the mouth. Spread through open sores during sexual contact Can still be transmitted when lesions not present HSV I- cold sores/fever blisters around mouth HSV II- genital lesions 45 million in U.S. (700,000 each year) Symptoms Blisters on or around genitals or rectum Fever or swollen glands Painful lesions Newborns can contract No cure
Hepatitis (HBV) A viral STD that attacks the liver and can cause extreme illness and death. Hepatitis A- transmitted through oral contact with contaminated food or water or sexual contact. Hepatitis B- spread through sexual contact, blood, semen, saliva, vaginal secretions and urine. Needles, syringes, tattooing Hepatitis C- passed through contact with infected blood. Sexual intercourse, mothers to newborns
Hepatitis Symptoms Fatigue Diarrhea Nausea Abdominal pain Jaundice Dark urine Enlarged liver – cirrhosis or cancer No medical treatment
Syphilis Spread through sexual activity (vaginal, oral, anal) Spread by direct contact with a chancre- a painless sore or infectious rash Primary Stage weeks of exposure Small, red, pea sized bump- round sore Chancre- painless sore No treatment- disappears 3-6 weeks Secondary Stage Infectious rash on palms of hands or soles of feet. Flu like symptoms, hair loss, and weight loss. Rash disappears Late Syphilis External signs disappear – organism remains in body damaging organs- brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones and joints. Slow loss of muscle coordination, paralysis, blindness and dementia. Damage to tissues- severe- death
Vaginitis Inflammation of the vagina caused by various organisms. Trichomoniasis- caused by parasite Irritation, mild discharge, burning when urinating, itching, discomfort during intercourse Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)- caused by imbalance of bacteria normally found in the vagina. White or gray discharge, itching/burning Increased risk of other STD’s
Public Lice Tiny parasitic insects, “crabs” that infest genital area. Spread through sexual contact, underwear, sheets, towels Intense itching in pubic hair Medicated shampoos Scabies- infestation of the skin with microscopic mites. Spread through bedding, clothing 4-6 weeks- pimple like rash- severe itching
AIDS/HIV Acquired immune deficiency syndrome- is a potentially fatal disorder that interferes with the body’s natural ability to fight infection. Final stage of infection caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- a virus that attacks the immune system. Transmitted- the virus must enter the individuals blood. Blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk. Breaks in the capillaries of mucous membranes. Needles
Treating STD’s Can be prevented- responsible Recognize STD symptoms-seek treatment Follow doctor’s orders for treatment and take all medication prescribed. Finish all even if symptoms have gone away. Notify everyone with whom the person has had any sexual contact. Abstinence only effective method of preventing re-infection or transmission of STDs.