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Odontogenic Infections, Pharyngitis, Deep Neck Space Infections.. OH MY! MAIE A. ST. JOHN, MD, PHD Department of Head & Neck Surgery David Geffen School.

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Presentation on theme: "Odontogenic Infections, Pharyngitis, Deep Neck Space Infections.. OH MY! MAIE A. ST. JOHN, MD, PHD Department of Head & Neck Surgery David Geffen School."— Presentation transcript:

1 Odontogenic Infections, Pharyngitis, Deep Neck Space Infections.. OH MY! MAIE A. ST. JOHN, MD, PHD Department of Head & Neck Surgery David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

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3 Do you like Turning Point as a teaching tool? A.I love it B.I can live with it C.Not really D.I never want to see it again

4 The most common bacteria isolated from head and neck odontogenic infections include all of the following except: A.Peptostreptococcus B.Staphylococci C.Prevotella D.Group D Streptococci

5 The most accurate clinical scenario that explains the progression of odontogenic infection is: A.Invasive anaerobes allow the initial spread of infection through a necrotic dental pulp B.Invasive aerobes allow the initial spread of infection through a necrotic dental pulp C.Anaerobes release lytic enzymes to cause a spreading cellulitis D.Aerobes predominate as the reduction-oxidation potential favors their growth

6 When you are capernoited, what are you: A.Slightly afraid B.Slightly drunk C.Slightly embarrassed D.Slightly out of tune

7 All of the following antibiotics are effective in treating odontogenic infections except: A.cefoxitin B.clindamycin C.Third generation cephalosporin D.penicillin

8 All of the following are true of bactericidal antibiotics except: A.Less reliance of host resistance B.Decreased flexibility with dosage intervals C.Faster results D.Direct killing of the bacteria

9 Once the bone has been perforated, which factor most affects the location of the soft tissue abscess? A.Involvement of the canine B.Involvement of the wisdom teeth C.Local muscle attachments D.The virulence of the organism

10 From the perspective of an otolaryngologist, infected teeth should be removed A.Prior to incision and drainage of abscess B.At the time of incision and drainage of abscess C.The day after incision and drainage of abscess D.Never

11 From the perspective of an OMFS resident, infected teeth should be removed A.Prior to incision and drainage of abscess B.At the time of incision and drainage of abscess C.The day after incision and drainage of abscess D.Never

12 What is the most likely etiology of the lesion pictured below? A.Pleomorphic adenoma B.Vestibular abscess secondary to maxillary tooth infection C.Vestibular abscess secondary to foreign body D.Vestibular abscess secondary to sinonasal infection

13 The buccal space becomes involved when the infection of the maxillary molar teeth breaks out superior to the attachment of the: A.Medial pterygoid B.Lateral pterygoid C.masseter D.buccinator

14 The following are boundaries of the buccal space except: A.Zygomatic arch B.Buccinator muscle C.Buccal fat D.Inferior border of the mandible

15 A person who is a fysigunkus lacks what? A.Humor B.Wisdom C.Curiosity D.Temper

16 The primary mandibular spaces include all of the following except: A.pterygomandibular B.sublingual C.submental D.submandibular

17 The factor that determines whether the sublingual or the submandibular space is involved is the location of the perforation relative to: A.Geniohyoid muscle attachment B.Mylohyoid muscle attachment C.The cortical height of the bone D.The tooth involved

18 Which mandibular space is highlighted in the drawing below: A.sublingual B.submandibular C.masseteric D.submental

19 All of the following are true of Ludwig’s angina except: A.It is bilateral B.It involves all three primary mandibular spaces C.It always extends into the pterygomandibular space D.Was first described in 1836 by von Ludwig

20 What is the next best step in management of the patient below A.CT neck with IV contrast B.Flexible endoscopy C.I&D of his abscess transorally in the ED D.I&D of his abscess transcervically in the ED

21 Which American city invented plastic vomit? A.Los Angeles B.Atlanta C.New York D.Chicago

22 What is the name of the space labeled 1 in the image below? A.masseteric B.pterygomandibular C.parapharyngeal D.carotid

23 Parapharyngeal Space

24 This young man presents with 2 days of increasing dysphagia and fever. He is an attorney and he really wants to avoid surgery if possible. The best course of action would include: A.Clindamycin and steroids B.Operative drainage of abscess C.Image guided drainage of abscess D.Admission to monitored bed with swallow evaluation

25 The pathogenic organism responsible for most cases of bacterial pharyngitis in adults is: A.Group G strep B.Group C Strep C.GABHS D.Group F strep

26 If antibiotics are prescribed within hours of symptom onset in bacterial pharyngitis A.The period of contagiousness is decreased to 24 hours after beginning tx B.The period of contagiousness is decreased to 72 hours after beginning tx C.The period of contagiousness is not affected but symptoms abate D.Antibiotics should not be prescribed in this setting

27 Penicillin treatment failure in bacterial pharyngitis can be explained by all of the following except: A.Lack of compliance B.Recurrent exposure C.Contaminated toothbrushes D.Extracellular location of bacterium

28 What is the best way to stop crying while peeling onions? A.Lick garlic B.Chew lemon peel C.Eat ginger D.Chew gum

29 All of the following are true regarding Corynebacterium Diphtheriae infections except: A. it is a motile gram positive bacillus B.Patients may have a “bull neck” appearance C.Sore throat usually develops 1-2 days before the pseudomembrane D.Toxin effects at different sites can lead to acute tubular necrosis

30 The most common cause of pharyngitis in adults is A.the RNA virus Rhinovirus B.the DNA virus Rhinovirus C.GABHS D.HPV

31 The most commonly seen CT scan abnormality of patients with the common cold is: A.Abnormalities of the ethmoid infundibulum B.Abnormalities of the ethmoid sinus C.Abnormalities of the maxillary sinus D.Abnormalities of the frontal sinus

32 All the following statements are true concerning EBV except: A.It is a single stranded DNA virus B.The virus remains latent in B cells C.80-90% of adults are seropositive D.Initial infection occurs through the lymphoid tissues and pharyngeal epithelium

33 One human hair can support how many kilograms? A.1 kg B.9 kg C.3 kg D.5 kg

34 Which of the following is true re :the Danger Space? A.It is a potential space that lies between the retropharyngeal and prevertebral spaces B.The prevertebral layer forms its anterior border C.The parasympathetic trunk courses through this space D.This space extends from the larynx to the diaphragm

35 CT is essential in the evaluation of deep space neck infections as PE alone can misidentify the involved spaces 70% of the time. A.True B.False

36 Clindamycin is a fist line antibiotic choice for a community acquired deep neck infections A.True B.False

37 Failure to respond to 48 to 72 hours of empiric antibiotic therapy is an indication for surgery A.True B.False

38 Lemierre’s Syndrome is a thrombophlebitis of the IJ and carotid artery A.True B.False

39 A patient presents with fever, lethargy, orbital pain, reduced extraocular motility and a dilated pupil. He also reports having had dental work 1 week prior. These symptoms are concerning for A.Carotid artery pseudoaneurysm B.Gradenigo syndrome C.Cavernous sinus thrombosis D.Lemierre’s syndrome

40 Which animal sleeps for only 5 minutes a day? A.Rat B.Eagle C.Beaver D.Giraffe

41 All of the following are true regarding the condition this patient has except: A.Likely caused by an odontogenic infection B.Neck CT shows tissue gas in 25% of cases C.Involves mixed aerobic and anaerobic flora D.Most often occurs in persons older than 60 yo

42 Conquer cancer and build a better future


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