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Teaching with mathematical modeling: providing multiple entry points and connections Mary Beth Searcy Appalachian State University Boone, North Carolina USA Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile10 January 2013

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Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile

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10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile North Carolina (CCSSM) Mathematical Practices Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them Reason abstractly and quantitatively Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others Model with mathematics Use appropriate tools strategically Attend to precision Look for and make use of structure Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning Chile (Currículum Nacional) Habilidades and Actitudes Problem Solving Argumentation and Communication Modeling Representation Demonstrate an organized and methodical working style Be flexible and creative when solving problems Be curious about and interested in learning mathematics Have a positive attitude about yourself and your abilities. Be hard-working and persevere Express yourself and listen attentively to others

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Teaching with Mathematical Modeling -- My journey started with questions Why do I want to use modeling in my classroom? How can I include modeling in the curriculum? How can I make sure that my students make the mathematical connections within modeling? What is teaching with modeling anyway? 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile

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Why Teach with Mathematical Modeling? Reason #1: The Experience of Modeling Students discover something new Generates excitement about answering a question when “THE answer” is not known Students see modeling as a complex process Promotes creativity and communication 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile

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Modeling Example #1: How many barrels of water did Columbus bring on his 1492 journey to the “New World”? 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile

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Modeling: Columbus’ Journey and Water Voyage manifests were lost – we do not know the answer Can be modeled by different levels of students Students Ask questions – what impacts the need for water? Learn more about Columbus’ journey and the world in the late 1400’s Justify their choice of mathematical tools Communicate their solution processes 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile

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Why Teach with Mathematical Modeling? Reason #2: Reinforce Mathematical Concepts Allows more opportunities to use mathematic concepts students have learned. Helps draw connections to other mathematics concepts Allows student to see how mathematical concepts are interpreted in terms of real world situations. Promotes curiosity Helps build foundation for more complex mathematical ideas. 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile

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Modeling Example #2: How much medicine do I have to take to make my sore throat feel better? 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile (tonsillitis)

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Modeling: How much medicine do I need to take? 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile I will start by thinking about how I will take my medicine each day. What must I know to answer my question? Each day I take a dose when I get up in the morning and I take a dose when I go to bed.

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Modeling in Grade 1: Tonsillitis and Medicine 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile 2 4 6 Number of Doses

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What happens if …? you start your first dose when you go to bed on the first day? you take a dose when you get up in the morning, a dose at lunch, and a dose when you go to bed? 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile Number of Doses 3 6 9

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Foundational Thinking for Later Grades 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile Counting by Twos leads us to Rates “2 doses per day” 2 4 6 Days taken Total Doses 00 12 24 36 48 510 612 714 Making a Table and Graph leads to a Linear Function Model: y = 2x where x = Number of Days & y = Total Number of Doses Next day’s Total = Yesterday’s Total + 2 Also …Total Number of Doses= sum of groups of 2 doses Total Number of Doses = (Number of Days Taken) X 2

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Why Teach with Mathematical Modeling? Reason #3: Introduce New Concepts Explore a familiar situation with mathematics Analyze situation and uncover the need for a new mathematical concept Promotes further research on the situation 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile

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Modeling Example #3: What happens if I am in a classroom with 20 students and one of those students has the flu? 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile

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Modeling: What will happen to the class when one person has the flu? 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile Let us start with a simple idea … Each hour, an infected person will come in contact with two people and thus spread the flu germ to two people. What do I know about the spread of germs?

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Let us explore this situation with an activity. Give each of the twenty students a natural number, starting with 1 up to 20. Now you have Student No. 1, Student No. 2, Student No. 3, Student No. 4, …, Student No. 20. Using a random number generator from natural numbers 1 to 20, we will select which student comes into class with the flu. Continue to use random number generator to see who comes in contact with “sick” students. 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile Grade 8 Modeling: Catching the flu!

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10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile Number of Hours in ClassStudent Number -- Those who are Infected 019 1 11 18 2 19 11 18 5 10 5 9 20 3 3 19 11 18 5 10 9 20 3 8 7 18 3 9 10 12 17 13 18 18 12 11 1 3 10 Continue until all 20 students are “sick” and sitting down at their desks

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Grade 8 Modeling: Catching the flu! Introducing Logistic Function 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile Our modeling activity leads us to a new idea of bounded growth.

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Modeling: Catching the Flu More questions What happens if we change the number of contacts that people have? What happens if we only infect a fraction of the people contacted? Are there infectious diseases that we can model where the entire population does not become infected? What happens if we allow for people to “recover” from their infectious state while others continue to “infect” the population? 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile

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And so my journey with teaching with modeling continues. And it always leaves me with more questions to ask. 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile

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Muchas Gracias Dr. Roberto Araya de Universidad de Chile Ministerio de Educación de Chile Dr. Eric Marland 10 January 2013Seminario Internacional sobre Modelamiento Matemático: Santiago, Chile

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