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{ Infamous bacterial and viral factoids including the basics and life with the disease. Image Image Disease of the Day.

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Presentation on theme: "{ Infamous bacterial and viral factoids including the basics and life with the disease. Image Image Disease of the Day."— Presentation transcript:

1 { Infamous bacterial and viral factoids including the basics and life with the disease. Image Image Disease of the Day

2 Basics o Streptococcus bacterial infection of the throat and tonsils o 5–10% of all sore throats Prevention o Wash hands often o Cover your mouth while coughing or sneezing Transmission o Coughing and/or Sneezing o Close Contact In Six Words o Soreness, red tonsils with white patches o Video Video Strep Throat [Bacteria] Txbk Ref pg Image

3 HIV [Virus] Txbk Ref pg Basics o Human immunodeficiency virus o Leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS o Retrovisus – uses reverse trascriptase to convert the RNA from HIV into DNA in the host cell Infection Rates o Est 50,000 people each year in the US. Transmission o Sexual Activity/IV Drug Use o Can be passed from mother to child en utero and via breast milk In Six Words o “Meds, nerve damage, dementia, stigma, isolation” o Animation Video 1 Video 2 AnimationVideo 1 Video 2 AnimationVideo 1 Video 2 Image

4 Basics o Tropical arbovirus, or arthropod borne virus Infection Rates o Millions worldwide; deaths mainly in children o In 2013, 2.35 million cases in the Americas o In 2013, 2.35 million cases in the Americas Transmission o Two mosquito vectors, passed through a mosquito bite In Six Words o Fever, headache, red flush, weakness, aches o Video 1 Video 2 Video 1Video 2 Video 1Video 2 Dengue [Virus] Image Courtesy of the CDC Image

5 Basics o Borrelia burgdorferi bacterial infection o First reported in Lyme, Connecticut, in 1974 Infection Rates o In 2012, 95% of cases were reported in 13 upper midwest and New England states Transmission o Tick vector, passed through a tick bite In Six Words o Joint pain, memory loss, nerve damage o Video Video Lyme Disease [Bacteria] Txbk Ref pg Image

6 Basics o Salmonella bacterial infection in the stomach and intestines o New, drug resistant strains Prevention o Wash hands before handling food o Wash produce before consuming o Fully cook your food Transmission o Eating contaminated food In Six Words o Nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping, diarrhea, dehydration o Animation Animation Salmonellosis Food Poisoning [Bacteria] Image

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8 Basics o Bacillus anthracis bacterial infection o Produces dormant spores that can be found in the soil they are activated once in the body Infection Rates o In 2001, powdered anthrax spores were mailed to US Senators, 5 deaths of 22 infections Transmission o Breathing in spores o Contaminated food/water o Through a cut in the skin In Six Words o Drenching sweats, nausea, vomiting, confusion, dizziness o Video Video Anthrax [Bacteria]

9 Basics o Multiple stage Plasmodium infection; first infects the liver cells, then moves to the red blood cells, producing more parasites to infect other cells Infection Rates o Est from the WHO, 207 million cases in 2012 –caused an estimated 627,000, deaths mostly among African children Transmission o Mosquito vector, from Anopheles mosquito bite In Six Words o Fever, anemia, respiratory distress, low BP Video Video Malaria [Protist] Image

10 Basics o Dermatophytes are fungi that cause skin, hair, and nail infections o Can be found on many parts of the body, including scalp, body, feet, etc. Prevention o Good hygiene o Avoid sharing hairbrushes, hats, clothing Transmission o Fungal spores in the air and/or environment In Six Words o Red ring, itching, scaling, cracking skin Video Video Ringworm [Fungus] Image

11 A colored transmission electron micrograph (TEM) of Toxoplasma gondii parasites (green), which cause toxoplasmosis. Image

12 Basics o Toxoplasma gondii infection o Many infected do not have symptoms because of a healthy immune system, parasite can remain inactive for long periods of time in our muscles and brain Prevention o Wash produce before consuming o Cook the appropriate temp o Change litter daily, [infections develop 1 to 5 days after first pooped out] Transmission o Exposure through cat feces o Undercooked meat [especially pork, lamb, venison] In Six Words o Flu-like, eye pain, miscarriage, brain damage Video Video Toxoplasmosis [Protist] Image

13 Basics o Caused by Coccidioides fungi in the soil in dry areas that lack rainfall; endemic to the southwestern US, Mexico, Central and South America Infection Rates o In 2011 over 20,000 reported cases, the majority in Arizona and California o Since 1990, 3,000+ have died Transmission o Fungal spores in the air and/or environment In Six Words o Fever, cough, headache, aches, sometimes pneumonia Story Story Valley Fever [Fungus] Image

14 Works Cited "Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)." World of Biology. Gale, Science in Context. Web. 14 Mar Davidson, Tish. "Strep throat." The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Laurie J. Fundukian. 4th ed. Detroit: Gale, Science in Context. Web. 14 Mar Carson-DeWitt, Rosalyn. "Dengue fever." The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Laurie J. Fundukian. 4th ed. Detroit: Gale, Science in Context. Web. 14 Mar "Lyme Disease." World of Health. Gale, Science in Context. Web. 14 Mar Frey, Rebecca J., Jennifer E. Sisk, and Tish Davidson. "Lyme disease." The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Laurie J. Fundukian. 4th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2011.Science in Context. Web. 14 Mar "Salmonella." World of Microbiology and Immunology. Ed. Brenda Wilmoth Lerner and K. Lee Lerner. Detroit: Gale, Science in Context. Web. 14 Mar


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