2 1. Read this sentence from the article: Rudolph was already a known quantity in the world of track. What does the idiom ‘a known quantity’ mean in the sentence above? A. People were aware of how good Rudolph was. B. Rudolph had a special talent for mathematics. C. People kept records of how fast Rudolph ran. D. Rudolph had already met the other athletes.
3 2. What text evidence from the article best shows that the author admires Wilma Rudolph? F. What made them even more noteworthy are the challenges Rudolph had to overcome just to learn to walk. G. She had won a bronze medal four years earlier, at the 1956 Olympics – when she was just 16 years old. H. Wilma Rudolph became the first American woman to win 3 gold medals in one Olympics. I. Eventually, Wilma did learn to walk, and could get by without the braces on her legs.
4 3. Read this sentence from the article. But Wilma’s luck only went so far: In the idiom ‘only went so far’ most likely means that her luck A. was very limited. B. was never very good. C. helped her to run fast. D. caused her to be sick.
5 4. Information in the section “Triumph and Legacy,” supports the perspective that F. Wilma Rudolph was the best athlete at the 1960 Olympics. G. Wilma Rudolph’s sore ankle made her performance even better. H. Wilma Rudolph’s performance in the 400 meter relay was amazing. I. Wilma Rudolph did not care about the 100 and 200 meter races.
6 5. Read this sentence from the article: The family did not have money to burn, but Mrs. Rudolph drove her daughter to the doctors office for treatment once or twice a week for two years. What does the idiom ‘did not have money to burn’ mean in the sentence to burn. A. The family had enough money to buy anything they wanted. B. The family had little money left after paying for necessities. C. The family had no money to pay for doctor’s appointments. D. The family wasted money on things they did not need.
7 6. What text evidence from the article supports the author’s viewpoint that the Rudolph family worked hard to help Wilma?F. So every day they took turns massaging her bad leg. G. Playing basketball helped her legs get even stronger. H. At age six, Wilma was given metal leg braces to help her walk. I. When she was eleven, her brothers put up a basketball hoop in the yard, and Wilma became hooked on the sport.
8 7. Read this excerpt from the article When the baton was handed to her, her team was behind by two meters. That changed in the blink of an eye.What mood does the author create by using the idiom “in the blink of an eye”?A. ExcitementB. HappinessC. NervousnessD. Worry
9 8. With which statement would the author most likely agree? F. Rudolph was the first noteworthy female athlete. G. Rudolph’s achievements were inspiring to others. H. Rudolph was the greatest athlete in the 1960 Olympics. I. Rudolph’s story shows that everyone needs a little luck.
10 9. Read this excerpt from the article Her achievements were significant. But what made them even more noteworthy are the challenges Rudolph had to overcome just to learn to walk.What does the word significant mean in the excerpt above?A. ImaginaryB. ImpossibleC. MeaningfulD. Well-planned
11 10. What is the main idea of the section titled “A Star Emerges”? F. In High School, Wilma Rudolph was a basketball star. G. Even before the 1960 Olympics, Wilma Rudolph was a star. H. After playing basketball, Wilma Rudolph became a star sprinter. I. With the help of her coach, Wilma Rudolph became a star athlete.
12 11. Which sentence in the article shows the author’s perspective about mentor relationships? A. Mentors sometimes work in schools with students.B. Those mentors play an important role in the lives of some youth.C. Many times when mentoring is taking place, people do not even realize it.D. At other times, however, young people may also choose their own mentors.
13 12. Read this sentence from the article Because Odysseus was absent at war, Athena takes Telemachus under her wing.What does the idiom ‘takes Telemachus under her wing’ mean in the sentence above?F. Athena teaches Telemachus to fly.G. Athena protects and teaches Telemachus.H. Athena tells Telemachus about his father.I. Athena reveals her true self to Telemachus.
14 13. Read this sentence from the article A mentor might make sure that students know to listen closely to the professor and hit the books every night if they want to succeed.What does the idiom ‘hit the books’ mean in the sentence above?A. Play sportsB. Study hardC. Read quicklyD. Solve problems
15 14. Which sentence is a perspective supported by text evidence? F. If anyone has ever taken an interest in your life, then you may have a mentor, too. G. Many of these students are the first in their families to go to college in the United States. H. Any young person who is offered a chance to have a mentor should seize it. I. Most of the time, a mentor is an older person who has a lifetime of experience.
16 15. Read this sentence from the article. No wonder people say that a mentor has a heart of gold! Why does the author say a mentor has a ‘heart of gold’. A. Because mentors have large families. B. Because mentors earn a lot of money. C. Because mentors are extremely generous. D. Because mentors like to make new friends.
17 16. With which statement would the author most likely agree? F. Mentors can be very valuable for young people. G. Most schools do not need a mentoring program. H. Mentors are best at helping students with schoolwork. I. Formal mentoring programs are best for young people
18 17. Which paragraph would the following detail best support? Many people become mentors because when they were younger, someone mentored them in an important way. A. Paragraph 4, page 198 B. Paragraph 5, page 198 C. Paragraph 1, page 199 D. Paragraph 2, page 199
19 18. Read this sentence from the article. Mentoring programs offer a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for young people to improve their lives.What attitude toward mentors does this sentence support?Young people learn to be responsible when they have adults who look out for them.Young people benefit from the positive influence of an adult in their lives.Young people need the help of adults to go to college and get jobs.Young people with career goals need the guidance of adults.
20 19. Read this excerpt from the article. So she decides to take a page from her mentor’s book and wake up early to study for science class before school. What does the idiom ‘take a page from her mentor’s book’ mean in the excerpt above? A. Dress like her mentor B. Study her mentor’s cases C. Follow her mentor’s example D. Read what her mentor has written.
21 20. Read this excerpt from the article. This friend, named Mentor, helps to instruct Telemachus for many years. But most of the advice that Mentor imparts comes from Athena, the ancient Greek goddess of wisdom and war. What does imparts mean in the excerpt above. F. Denies G. Gives H. Takes I. Writes
22 EssayWrite 3 cause & effect statements from each passage that shows how helping others makes a difference.