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Unit 2: Text A The Gratitude We Need 21st Century College English: Book 4.

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2 Unit 2: Text A The Gratitude We Need 21st Century College English: Book 4

3 Unit 2: Part A The Gratitude We Need Lead-in Activities Lead-in ActivitiesLead-in ActivitiesLead-in Activities Text Organization Text OrganizationText OrganizationText Organization Reading & Writing Skills Reading & Writing SkillsReading & Writing SkillsReading & Writing Skills Language Points Language PointsLanguage PointsLanguage Points Guided Practice Guided PracticeGuided PracticeGuided Practice Assignment AssignmentAssignment

4 Lead-in Activities 1) What do you think you should show your gratitude in your family? 2) Do you have the habit of showing gratitude to others? Questions for Discussion

5 The author emphasizes the importance of expressing the gratitude to other people with two opposite examples. Gratitude is the art of receiving gracefully, of showing appreciation for every kindness, great and small. By saying thanks to each other we give a friendly feeling to the daily business dealings and cause the boring jobs to become more pleasant. The author restates the importance of expressing gratitude to other people. para. 1-5 para. 1-5 para. 1-5 para. 1-5 para. 6-8 para. 6-8 para. 6-8 para. 6-8 para para para para para. 14 para. 14 para. 14 para. 14 Text Organization

6 1) Reading skill: Reading comprehension questions fall into the following six types: a. Main idea questions; b. Specific detail questions; c. Guessing unknown word (or expression) questions; d. Inference questions; e. Logic structure questions; f. Attitude or tone questions. Reading & Writing Skills

7 Reading comprehension questions, if well designed and properly used, are not only effective in checking out how well a student understands a text, but can also lead students to a better understanding of the text as a whole. 2) Writing skill: An example is a specific instance that is used to support or explain a more general statement. In text A, the author gives a number of examples which help to clarify the reader’s understanding of what gratitude is and which add persuasive force to the author’s thesis that gratitude is important. Reading & Writing Skills

8 Language Points The Gratitude We Need Text A:

9 The Gratitude We Need A.J.Cronin A.J.Cronin A.J.Cronin 1 On a fine afternoon in New York, I got into a taxi. From the driver’s expression and the way he slammed in his gears, I could tell that he was upset. I asked him what was the trouble. “I’ve got good reason to be sore,” he growled. “One of my fares left a wallet in my cab this morning. Nearly three hundred bucks in it. I spent more than an hour trying to trace the guy. Finally I found him at his hotel. He took the wallet without a word and glared at me as though I’d meant to steal it.” slammedgearsgot good reason to be sorebuckswithout a wordglared atslammedgearsgot good reason to be sorebuckswithout a wordglared at Language Points

10 2 “He didn't give you a reward?” I exclaimed. 3 “Not a cent. But it wasn’t the dough I wanted...” he fumbled, then exploded, “If the guy had only said something...” 4 Because his helpful, honest act had not been appreciated, that cabdriver’s day was poisoned, and I knew he would think twice before rendering a similar service. The need for gratitude is something we all feel, and denial of it can do much to harm the spirit of kindness and cooperation. Because his helpful, honest act had not been appreciated, that cabdriver’s day was poisoned, and I knew he would think twice before rendering a similar servicedenial of Because his helpful, honest act had not been appreciated, that cabdriver’s day was poisoned, and I knew he would think twice before rendering a similar servicedenial of Language Points

11 5 During World War II a mother in Cincinnati received a letter from her son in the army in which he spoke of a woman in a village in Normandy who had taken him into her home when he was wounded and hungry, and hidden him from the Germans. Later on, unhappily, the boy was killed in the Ardennes offensive. Yet the mother was moved by an irresistible intention. She saved up for two years, crossed the Atlantic and located the village referred to by her son. After many inquiries, she found the woman who had sheltered her Cincinnati NormandyArdennes offensiveYet the mother was moved by an irresistible intentionlocated the village referred to by her sonCincinnati NormandyArdennes offensiveYet the mother was moved by an irresistible intentionlocated the village referred to by her son Language Points

12 son — the wife of an impoverished farmer — and pressed a package into her hand. It was the gold wristwatch her son had received on his graduation, the only object of real value the boy had ever possessed. The mother’s act of gratitude so touched people’s hearts that it has become something of a legend in and around the village. It has done more than fine speeches to foster good feeling toward Americans. pressedintoThe mother’s act of gratitude so touched people’s hearts that it has become something of a legend in and around the villageIt has done more than fine speeches to foster good feeling toward AmericanspressedintoThe mother’s act of gratitude so touched people’s hearts that it has become something of a legend in and around the villageIt has done more than fine speeches to foster good feeling toward Americans Language Points

13 6 Gratitude is the art of receiving gracefully, of showing appreciation for every kindness, great and small. Most of us do not fail to show our pleasure when we receive hospitality, gifts and obvious benefits, but even here we can perfect our manner of showing gratitude by making it as personal and sincere as possible. Recently, when touring in southern Italy with my wife, artbut even here we can perfect our manner of showing gratitude by making it as personal and sincere as possibleartbut even here we can perfect our manner of showing gratitude by making it as personal and sincere as possible Language Points

14 I sent to a friend in Connecticut several bottles of a local wine which had taken our fancy. It was a trifling gift, yet to our surprise, instead of the conventional letter of thanks, we receive a phonograph record. When we played it, we heard our friend’s voice speaking after dinner, describing how he and his guests had enjoyed the wine and thanking us for our thoughtfulness. It was pleasant to have this unusual proof that our gift had been appreciated. Connecticuttaken our fancyConnecticuttaken our fancy Language Points

15 7 Gratitude is sometimes more than a personal affair. My son, studying medicine at McGill University, told me of a patient brought into hospital in Montreal whose life was saved by a blood transfusion. When he was well again he asked: “Isn’t there any way I can discover the name of the donor and thank him?” He was told that names of donors are never revealed. A few weeks after his discharge he came back to give a pint of his own blood. Since then he has returned again and again for the same purpose. When a surgeon commented on this splendid record of anonymous service, he answered simply: “Someone I never knew did it for me. I’m just saying ‘thanks’ “. McGill UniversityMontrealIsn’t there any wayMcGill UniversityMontrealIsn’t there any way Language Points

16 8 It is a comforting thought that gratitude can be not merely a passing sentiment but a renewal which can, in some instances, persist for a lifetime. A husband who recalls appreciatively some generous or unselfish act on his wife’s part, or a wife who never forgets the gifts her husband has given her, does much to keep the domestic wheels spinning smoothly. W.H. Hudson, British author and naturalist, has written: “One evening I brought home a friend to share our usual evening meal. Afterward he said to me: “You are fortunate to have a wife who, despite ill health and children to look after, cooks such excellent meals.” That tribute opened my eyes and taught me to show gratitude for my wife’s day-to-day heroism, which I had hitherto taken for granted.” gratitude can be not merely a passing sentiment but a renewal which can, in some instances, persist for a lifetimeon his wife’s partkeep the domestic wheels spinning smoothlyW.H. HudsonThat tribute opened my eyes and taught me to show gratitude for my wife’s day-to-day heroismgratitude can be not merely a passing sentiment but a renewal which can, in some instances, persist for a lifetimeon his wife’s partkeep the domestic wheels spinning smoothlyW.H. HudsonThat tribute opened my eyes and taught me to show gratitude for my wife’s day-to-day heroism Language Points

17 9 It is, above all, in the little things that the grace of gratitude should be most employed. The boy who delivers our paper, the milkman, the mailman, the barber, the waitress at a restaurant, the elevator operator — all oblige us in one way or another. By showing our gratitude we make routine relationships human and render monotonous tasks more agreeable. It is, above all, in the little things that the grace of gratitude should be most employedoblige us in one way or anotherBy showing our gratitude we make routine relationships human and render monotonous tasks more agreeable It is, above all, in the little things that the grace of gratitude should be most employedoblige us in one way or anotherBy showing our gratitude we make routine relationships human and render monotonous tasks more agreeable Language Points

18 10 A patient of mine in London who worked as a bus conductor once confided to me, “I get fed up with my job sometimes. People grumble, bother you, haven’t got the right change for their tickets. But there’s one lady on my bus morning and evening, and she always thanks me in a particularly friendly way when I take her ticket. I like to think she’s speaking for all the passengers. It helps me to keep smiling.” confided toget fed up withconfided toget fed up with Language Points

19 11 Arnold Bennett had a publisher who boasted about the extraordinary efficiency of his secretary. One day Bennett said to her, “Your employer claims that you are extremely efficient. What is your secret?” “It’s not my secret,” the secretary replied. “It’s his.” Each time she performed a service, no matter how small, he never failed to acknowledge it. Because of that she took infinite pains with her work. Arnold Bennettboasted abouttook infinite pains with Arnold Bennettboasted abouttook infinite pains with 12 Some persons refrain from expressing their gratitude because they feel it will not be welcome. A patient of mine, a few weeks after his discharge from the hospital, came back to thank his nurse. “I didn’t come back sooner,” he explained, “because I imagined you must be bored to death with people thanking you.” refrain fromrefrain from Language Points

20 13 “On the contrary,” she replied, “I am delighted you came. Few realize how much we need encouragement and how much we are helped by those who give it.” On the contraryOn the contrary 14 Gratitude is something of which none of us can give too much. For on the smiles, the thanks we give, our little gestures of appreciation, our neighbors build up their philosophy of life. Gratitude is something of which none of us can give too muchphilosophy of life Gratitude is something of which none of us can give too muchphilosophy of life (1061 words) (1061 words) Language Points

21 Text-related information A.J.Cronin, Scottish novelist and accomplished storyteller. Gained fame with his novel Hatter’s Castle (1931). He produced several bestsellers with social concerns. Cronin continued to wrote until he was in his eightieth year. His book also gained a wide audience through files and television. A.J. Cronin 克罗宁 克罗宁( )

22 to slam sth. — v. shut, put, push,throe or knock with great force. The act of slamming always involves great force and usually a loud noise. Examples: The door slammed.The door slammed. I was so annoyed that I just slammed the phone down.I was so annoyed that I just slammed the phone down.

23 gears — n. (pl) set of toothed wheels which fit into another set to transmit power from a vehicle’s engine to its road wheels. (机动车辆)传动装置,排挡 Examples: The car has four forward gears (前进挡) and one reverse gear (倒挡).The car has four forward gears (前进挡) and one reverse gear (倒挡).

24 have (every) good reason to do sth. —be fully justified to do sth. Examples: We have good reason to mistrust you.We have good reason to mistrust you. The police have very good reason to believe he is guilty.The police have very good reason to believe he is guilty. More to learn More to learn

25 sore a. 1)painful or aching from a wound, infection or (of muscles) hard use 2)(AmE) angry, esp, from feeling unjustly treated. Examples: My feet are sore from all that running yesterday.My feet are sore from all that running yesterday. Don’t joke about his weight; it’s rather a sore point with him.Don’t joke about his weight; it’s rather a sore point with him.

26 buck — n. (Am sl.) = U. S. dollar Other informal American expressions for money include dough,bread,moola(h) and greenback. Examples: The drinks cost me four bucks.The drinks cost me four bucks. How the hell could we scrape up enough dough to pay him off.How the hell could we scrape up enough dough to pay him off.

27 without a word —without saying anything. Here it refers to word of gratitude. Examples: He left without a word.He left without a word. He took away the book without a word, which made me rather angry.He took away the book without a word, which made me rather angry.

28 glare at —to look in an angry way. Examples: They didn’t fight, but stood there glaring at one another.They didn’t fight, but stood there glaring at one another. He didn’t shout or swear, but just glared silently at me.He didn’t shout or swear, but just glared silently at me.

29 Because his helpful, honest act had not been appreciated, that cabdriver’s day was poisoned, and I knew he would think twice before rendering a similar service. Translate the sentence: ? Key: 由于他助人为乐的诚实行为没有得到认可,那位出租车司机 一天的心情都被搅糟了。我相信他下次向他人伸出援助之手 之前可能就会考虑再三。 More to learn More to learn

30 to poison (an occasion, a situation, relationship, etc.) —to spoil it in an unpleasant and nasty way so that you no longer feel happy and optimistic about it. Examples: The quarrel poisoned our friendship.The quarrel poisoned our friendship. The long dispute has poisoned relations between the two countries.The long dispute has poisoned relations between the two countries. More to learn More to learn

31 to think twice (again) before (about) doing sth. —to think carefully before deciding to do sth. Examples: You’ve got to think twice before you spend 100 yuan on a book.You’ve got to think twice before you spend 100 yuan on a book. You should think twice about employ someone you’ve never met.You should think twice about employ someone you’ve never met. More to learn More to learn

32 render vt. 1)give (esp. sth. abstract, such as help, service, thanks, etc.) 2)cause (sb. or sth.) to be in a certain condition Examples: We would never have succeeded without the aid you rendered.We would never have succeeded without the aid you rendered. Your action has rendered our contract invalid.Your action has rendered our contract invalid. More to learn More to learn

33 service —n. something one does that helps or benefits another or others Examples: You did me a great service by showing me the truth.You did me a great service by showing me the truth. In a sense he did do a service to British journalists.In a sense he did do a service to British journalists.

34 denial of sth. —n. a refusal to give or allow Examples: They protested against the denial of basic human freedoms.They protested against the denial of basic human freedoms. Sex discrimination is the most basic denial of equal opportunities.Sex discrimination is the most basic denial of equal opportunities.

35 Text-related information Cincinnati is the third largest city of Ohio, and busy hub of a seven-county metropolitan area in three states. It is picturesquely situated between the Little Miami and Great Miami rivers where they empty into the Ohio. The city is encircled by hills and is a major industrial center. Cincinnati 辛辛那提 辛辛那提

36 Text-related information Normandy A historic and cultural region coextensive with the former province of Normandy, France. Normandy was the location of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France during World War II.

37 Text-related information The Ardnnes offensive Also called the battle of Ardennes, or the battle of Bulge (Dec. 16, 1944-Jan.16,1945), the Ardennes offensive was the last German offensive on the Western Front during World War II. It was an unsuccessful attempt to push the Allies back from the German home territory. The name “Battle of Bulge” was appropriated from Winston Churchill’s optimistic description, in May 1940, of the resistance that he mistakenly supposed was being offered to the Germans’ breakthrough in that area just before the Anglo-French collapse. The “bulge” refers to the wedge that the Germans drove into the Allied lines.

38 Yet the mother was moved by an irresistible intention Translate the sentence: ?Key:母亲却为完成愿望的坚定决心所激励着。

39 to locate (some place) — to learn the position of Examples: We located the schools and shops as soon as we moved into the town.We located the schools and shops as soon as we moved into the town. I am trying to locate Mr..Green. Do you know where he is?I am trying to locate Mr..Green. Do you know where he is? More to learn More to learn

40 refer to — to mention, speak of. Examples: When I said somebody is stupid, I wasn’t referring to you.When I said somebody is stupid, I wasn’t referring to you. Which one did you refer to when you mentioned “you”.Which one did you refer to when you mentioned “you”.

41 press (into, on, upon,etc) — giving in a very forceful way, allowing no refusal to accept Examples: Mary pressed money into John’s hand to express her gratitude.Mary pressed money into John’s hand to express her gratitude. His aunt pressed upon him cups of tea and chocolate cookies.His aunt pressed upon him cups of tea and chocolate cookies.

42 The mother’s act of gratitude so touched people’s heart that it has become something of a legend in and around the village. Translate the sentence: ?Key: 母亲表示感激的行动深深地触动了人们的心灵,成为有口皆 碑的传奇故事,在村子的周围广为流传。 More to learn More to learn

43 something of — to a degree but not complete Examples: George found himself something of a celebrity (小有 名气).George found himself something of a celebrity (小有 名气). He is something of an expert on linguistics. He is something of an expert on linguistics. More to learn More to learn

44 legend — a very old story or set of stories from ancient times, or the stories that people tell about a famous event or person. Examples: Elvis Presley (猫王) is one of the great legends of pop music.Elvis Presley (猫王) is one of the great legends of pop music. His bravery behind the enemy lines is now legend.His bravery behind the enemy lines is now legend.

45 It has done more than fine speeches to foster good feeling towards Americans. Translate the sentence: ? Key:它比出色的演讲更能让人培养起对美国人的好感。

46 an art — an activity of a high level of skill or a special ability Examples: It is important to learn the art of appearing confident in an interviewIt is important to learn the art of appearing confident in an interview Treading needle is an art in itself.Treading needle is an art in itself.

47 but even here we can perfect our manner of showing gratitude by making it as personal and sincere as possible. Translate the sentence: ?Key: 即使在这种情况下,我们也可以尽量通过真诚和个人化的方 式使我们表达感激的形式尽善尽美。

48 Text-related information American history is deeply rooted in Connecticut, one of the 13 original states. It is known as the Constitution State because the set of laws by which the first settlers agreed to govern themselves – the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut(1639) – embodied the first laws that recognized the people as the real basis of civil authority. This principle was later incorporated in the United States Constitution. Connecticut 康涅狄格州 康涅狄格州

49 take / catch one’s fancy — please or attract sb. Examples: The idea of being an actress quite took her fancy.The idea of being an actress quite took her fancy. She saw a suit in the shop window and it caught her fancy immediately.She saw a suit in the shop window and it caught her fancy immediately.

50 Text-related information McGill McGill is an international university whose main language of instruction is English. Located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, McGill’s 22 faculties and professional schools offer over 3,000 programs at the undergraduate, graduate and doctoral levels.

51 Text-related information Montreal is a cosmopolitan city in Quebec, Canada, in which about two thirds of the people speak French the culture here also remains French. Montreal is the second largest inland seaports. The commercial hub of Canada, it is a leading financial and manufacturing canter. It is also one of Canada’s oldest cities. Montreal蒙特利而

52 Isn’t there any way (that)… — Is it possible that…? Examples: Isn’t there any way I can talk to him in person.Isn’t there any way I can talk to him in person. Isn’t there any way that the murderer has already escaped to another place?Isn’t there any way that the murderer has already escaped to another place?

53 gratitude can be not merely a passing sentiment but a renewal which can, in some instances, persist for a lifetime. Translate the sentence: ? Key: 感激不仅仅是转瞬即失的情感, 在有些情况下会延续一生。 More to learn More to learn

54 not merely — emphasize how important and surprising something is by comparing it with something else what is less important or surprising. Examples: He is not merely a good artist, but a great one.He is not merely a good artist, but a great one. Much of the new industry is not merely in China, it is Chinese-owned.Much of the new industry is not merely in China, it is Chinese-owned.

55 on sb.’s part / on the part of sb. —made or done by sb. Examples: It was an error on my part.It was an error on my part. The agreement has been kept on my part but not on his, ie by me but not by him.The agreement has been kept on my part but not on his, ie by me but not by him.

56 keep the domestic wheels spinning smoothly Translate the sentence: ? Key: 使家庭生活保持和谐。 使家庭生活保持和谐。

57 Text-related information William H. Hudson, British writer, naturalist, and ornithologist ( 鸟类学家 ), is best known for his exotic romance. He was born in Quilmes, Argentina, of American parents. Hudson spent his early years on the Argentine Pampas as a naturalist specializing in Ornithology. In 1874 he settled in England, and in 1900 became a British subject. His life was passed in poverty and obscurity until 1904, when his best-known work, the novel Green Mansions, was published. William H. Hudson 郝德森 郝德森 ( ) ( )

58 That tribute opened my eyes and taught me to show gratitude for my wife’s day-to-day heroism. Translate the sentence: ? Key: 那句赞美的话打开了我的眼睛,它教会我要感谢妻子日复一 日的,而一直被我习以为常的英雄行为。 More to learn More to learn

59 open one’s eyes — make one aware for the first time that something is different from the way that you thought it was Examples: Travel to the island country opened his eyes to the poverty for the first time.Travel to the island country opened his eyes to the poverty for the first time. John’s eyes were opened up to the world of nature when he had visited that museum.John’s eyes were opened up to the world of nature when he had visited that museum.

60 It is, above all, in the little things that the grace of gratitude should be most employed. Translate the sentence: ? Key: 感激的艺术首先应该在小事情上用得最多。

61 to oblige someone — means to be helpful to them by doing what they have asked you to do. Examples: Please oblige me by closing the door.Please oblige me by closing the door. Could you oblige me with 50 pounds until the weekend.Could you oblige me with 50 pounds until the weekend. More to learn More to learn

62 (in) one way or another — by some means, methods, etc. Examples: One way or another, I’m going to leave this town.One way or another, I’m going to leave this town. We must finish the job this week one way or another.We must finish the job this week one way or another.

63 By showing the gratitude we make routine relationship human and render monotonous tasks more agreeable. Translate the sentence: ? Key: 通过感谢我们可以使日常平淡的关系变得有人情味, 让单调 枯燥的工作也变得令人愉快。

64 confide sth. to sb. — tell sth. (esp. a secret) to sb. confidentially Examples: He confided his trouble to his friend.He confided his trouble to his friend. Mary confided to me that she had applied for another job.Mary confided to me that she had applied for another job.

65 be (get) fed up with (about) sb.(sth.) — (infml) be or become unhappy, bored or tired of sb. or sth., esp. what one has been experiencing for a long time Examples: I am fed up with her complaints.I am fed up with her complaints. I won’t wait any longer; I am fed up.I won’t wait any longer; I am fed up.

66 One of the most popular English novelists of the early 20 th century, Arnold Bennett was also a journalist and a playwright. His versatility and his huge output, however, resulted in unevenness of his work. He was noted for his sympathetic portrayals of women. Text-related information Arnold Bennett 阿诺德. 本涅特 ( )

67 boast (about / of / that) — talk (about sth., esp. sth. one has done or one owns) in a way that shows excessive pride and pleasure Examples: John is always boasting about his children’s success at school.John is always boasting about his children’s success at school. Mike boasted that he was the best player in the team.Mike boasted that he was the best player in the team.

68 take pains with / over / to do sth. — make a great effort to do sth. or to do it properly Examples: She always takes great pains with her hair-style.She always takes great pains with her hair-style. Great pains have been taken to ensure the safety of passengers.Great pains have been taken to ensure the safety of passengers.

69 refrain from sth./ doing sth. — deliberately avoid to do something Examples: I carefully refrained from looking at her.I carefully refrained from looking at her. We hope the country will refrain from hostile actions. We hope the country will refrain from hostile actions.

70 on the contrary — expressing strong opposition to what had just been said Examples: I don’t like my job; on the contrary, I think it’s very dull.I don’t like my job; on the contrary, I think it’s very dull. It doesn't seem ugly to me; on the contrary, I think it’s rather beautiful. It doesn't seem ugly to me; on the contrary, I think it’s rather beautiful.

71 Gratitude is something of which none of us can give too much. Translate the sentence: ? Key:我们所给予的感激永远不会过多。

72 philosophy of life —one’s approach to life and his way of dealing with it Examples: Live now, pay later – that’s my philosophy of life.Live now, pay later – that’s my philosophy of life. He was an angry, embittered man, rich man, with no philosophy of life beyond self-indulgence. He was an angry, embittered man, rich man, with no philosophy of life beyond self-indulgence.

73 Guided Practice Vocabulary Structure/ Cloze/TranslationStructure/ Cloze/Translation Structure Writing

74 1. The author ’ s son was studying medicine at McGill University with the ________ of becoming a surgeon. Vocabulary 2. I took his criticism as a ________ desire to see improvement in my work. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. intention sincere generoustributedenialintentionsincere gratitudeslamsoretraceglare conventionalrenderproofagreeable

75 3. They didn ’ t fight, but stood there ________ at one another. generoustributedenialintentionsincere gratitudeslamsoretraceglare conventionalrenderproofagreeable Vocabulary 4. Don ’ t get ________ at me because you got low marks in your exams. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. glaring sore

76 5. Though the poem is well-known, no one has yet been able to ________ its author. Vocabulary 6. The new club strives to educate its member to ________ service to the community. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. trace render generoustributedenialintentionsincere gratitudeslamsoretraceglare conventionalrenderproofagreeable

77 7. Mary likes to go dancing on weekends because she does not believe that the ________ of pleasure is a virtue. Vocabulary 8. People place stamps on letters or packages as ________ that they have paid for mailing. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. denial proof generoustributedenialintentionsincere gratitudeslamsoretraceglare conventionalrenderproofagreeable

78 9. The major praised the Lei Feng Spirit that could be found every where in the city and paid particular________ to youngsters who helped the elderly. Vocabulary 10. These disks hold more than 400 times as much information as a ___________ floppy disk. 10. These disks hold more than 400 times as much information as a ___________ floppy disk. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. tribute conventional generoustributedenialintentionsincere gratitudeslamsoretraceglare conventionalrenderproofagreeable

79 11. Though he didn ’ t have much to give, he was __________ with his money. Vocabulary 12. Father ’ s Day is a day on which the people of many countries express their __________ and appreciation for their fathers by giving them gifts or greeting cards. 12. Father ’ s Day is a day on which the people of many countries express their __________ and appreciation for their fathers by giving them gifts or greeting cards. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. generous gratitude generoustributedenialintentionsincere gratitudeslamsoretraceglare conventionalrenderproofagreeable

80 13. She ________ on the brakes and the car came to a sudden stop. Vocabulary 14. You might be more successful in your job if you could take the trouble to make yourself more __________ to your colleagues as well as your employer. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. slammed agreeable generoustributedenialintentionsincere gratitudeslamsoretraceglare conventionalrenderproofagreeable

81 StructureEx. VIIStructureEx. VIIStructure ClozeEx. VIIIClozeEx. VIIICloze TranslationEx. IX & Ex. XTranslationEx. IX & Ex. XTranslation Revision of Text A

82 Ex. VII, p. 49 《读写教程 IV 》 : Ex. VII, p. 49 Structure

83 VIIStudy the sentence from the text given below and then complete the following sentence by translating the Chinese into English. Gratitude is something that none of us can give too much. Structure 1.The headmaster believed that (为教育青年人作出再大的牺牲也 不过分) ____________________________________________ 2.These workers got wounded in the construction of the new city. (不管付出多高的代价也要救活他们) _________________ no sacrifice for the education of the young was too great No price is too high to pay in order to save their lives.

84 Structure 3.As students of science, we (作实验在怎么仔细也不过分) _______________________________________________________ 4.He has done so much for the poor people in his neighborhood. (不管他们怎样赞扬他都不过分) ______________________ cannot be too careful in performing an experiment They cannot praise him too much. Gratitude is something that none of us can give too much. VIIStudy the sentence from the text given below and then complete the following sentence by translating the Chinese into English.

85 Gratitude is something that none of us can give too much. Structure 5.This is a point that has been made many times before, but it (再 怎么强调也不过分) _____________________________________ 6.The importance of personal computer (评价再高也不过分) _______________________________________________________ cannot be overemphasized cannot be overestimated

86 《读写教程 IV 》 :Ex. VIII, p. 50 《读写教程 IV 》 : Ex. VIII, p. 50 Cloze

87 VIII. Fill in each blank with the most appropriate word from the four choices given. Gratitude is defined as the art of showing ___1__ for every kindness, great and small. Usually, ___2___ gratitude costs very little, but its rewards can be great. When gratitude is owed but not given, however, as when we ___3___ to recognize a generous act on someone else’s___4__, this denial can lead to sore feelings, and even resentment. 1.A) actionB) appreciation C) effectD) affection 2.A) expressing B) behaving C) doingD) making 3.A) lose B) loose C) fail D) refuse 4.A) handB) thing C) placeD) part B A C D Cloze

88 Sometimes, truly deep gratitude calls for personal sacrifice. One ___5___ is a mother of world war II soldier who traveled from her home ___6___ the U. S. to visit the French family who had ___7___ her son from Nazis. She was driven to ___8___ this unselfish generosity which this family had shown her son. But gratitude can ___9___ be shown by very simple acts. We can start ___10___ making sure that, in one way or another, we thank the family members and ___11___ who help us every day. 5.A) time B)employer C) barberD) example 6.A) throughB) in C) aroundD) by 7.A) shelteredB) asked C) invitedD) discharged 8.A) makeB) do C) ask D) prove 9.A) eitherB) too C) alsoD) then 10.A) ifB) when C) sinceD) by 11.A) keyB) act C) fares D)paratroopers D B A B C B D Cloze

89 In sum, the ___12___ to gratitude is thoughtfulness, or ___13___ pains to consider the feeling of others as well as out own. Being generous and __14___ with our affection and sentiments is one thing we all can do to make the world a more pleasant place. For all of these ___15___ gratitude is something of which none of us can give too much. 12.A) keyB)act C) thingD) option 13.A) makingB) doing C) haltingD) taking 14.A) unwiseB) unkind C) unselfishD) unsure 15.A) reasonsB) times C) placesD) seasons D C A A Cloze

90 TranslationTranslation  Ex. IX Ex. IX Ex. IX  Ex. X Ex. X Ex. XTranslation

91 《读写教程 IV 》 :Ex. IX, p. 51 《读写教程 IV 》 : Ex. IX, p. 51 Translation — English to Chinese

92 Some person refrain from expressing their gratitude because they feel it will not be welcome. A patient of mine, a few weeks after his discharge from the hospital, came back to thank his nurse. “I don’t come sooner,” he explained, “because I imagined you must be bored to death with people thanking you.” Translation — English to Chinese 一些人不愿表达感激之情,因为他们觉得这不会受欢迎。 我的一个病人在出院几个星期后回到医院感激他的护士。 “ 我没 有更早地回来, ” 他解释说, “ 是因为我猜想你们对于人们的感 激一定厌烦得要命。 ” 一些人不愿表达感激之情,因为他们觉得这不会受欢迎。 我的一个病人在出院几个星期后回到医院感激他的护士。 “ 我没 有更早地回来, ” 他解释说, “ 是因为我猜想你们对于人们的感 激一定厌烦得要命。 ”

93 “On the contrary,” she replied, “I am delighted you came. Few realize how much we need encouragement and how much we are helped by those who give it.” Translation — English to Chinese “ 正好相反, ” 她回答说, “ 我很高兴你来。很少有人意识到 我们多么需要鼓励,我们从那些鼓励我们的人身上获得了多大 的帮助。 ” “ 正好相反, ” 她回答说, “ 我很高兴你来。很少有人意识到 我们多么需要鼓励,我们从那些鼓励我们的人身上获得了多大 的帮助。 ”

94 Gratitude is something of which none of us can give too much. For on the smiles, the thanks we give, our little gestures of appreciation, our neighbors build up their philosophy of life. Translation — English to Chinese 我们所给予的感激永远不会过多。因为我们身边的人在构筑 他们的人生哲学时所依据的正是这些微笑、我们所表示的感激 和我们表示欣赏的各种小小的示意动作。 我们所给予的感激永远不会过多。因为我们身边的人在构筑 他们的人生哲学时所依据的正是这些微笑、我们所表示的感激 和我们表示欣赏的各种小小的示意动作。

95 《读写教程 IV 》 :Ex. X, p. 51 《读写教程 IV 》 : Ex. X, p. 51 Translation — Chinese to English

96 He glared at John and was sore at his denial of cooperation. Translation — Chinese to English 1. 他瞪眼看着约翰,对他拒绝合作感到恼怒。 glare at denial of cooperation be sore at

97 John ’ s sincere speech shows his gratitude to the people who rendered him generous help when he was in difficulty. Translation — Chinese to English 2. 约翰真诚的讲话表达了他对那些在他处于困境时给过他 慷慨帮助的人们感激之情。 show one ’ s gratitude to in difficulty render

98 He is something of a stamp collector. The fact that once he saved up for two years to buy a rare stamp is roof of it. Translation — Chinese to English 3. 他可说是一个集邮家。他曾经积蓄了两年去买一张珍邮这 件事便是证明。 something of save up proof of

99 The beauty of these roses could not be overstated. They took/caught all the visitors ’ s fancy in one way or another. Translation — Chinese to English 4. 这些玫瑰的美丽怎么评价也不过分。它们以各种方式吸引 住了所有的游客。 not overstated in one way or another take/catch the fancy of

100 At first he took it for granted that they should build more highways in this area. Then a careful calculation of the expenditure compelled him to think twice before he made the final decision. Translation — Chinese to English 5. 起先,他理所当然地认为该地区应当多造一些公路。然而 仔细计算费用后,他在作出最后决定前有不得不重新考虑 了。 take it for granted make the final decision think twice before

101 Each time he receives a gift from me, no matter how small, my friend Bill never fail to acknowledge it. Translation — Chinese to English 6. 每次收到我的礼物,不管多少, 我的朋友比尔决不忘记 表示感激。 no matter never fail to acknowledge it

102 The journalist has decided to trace the young man referred to in the old couple ’ s letter, which is a tribute to the young man ’ s effort at making their living more agreeable. Translation — Chinese to English 7. 那位新闻记者决定找到那位老夫妇心中提及的年轻人。那 封信赞赏了年轻人为使他们的生活条件更为惬意而付出的 努力。 7. 那位新闻记者决定找到那位老夫妇心中提及的年轻人。那 封信赞赏了年轻人为使他们的生活条件更为惬意而付出的 努力。 trace refer to a tribute to

103 Though he was fed up with the salesman who knocked at his door and boasted about their products every day, he refrained from slamming the door in their face. Translation — Chinese to English 8. 虽然他厌烦了那些每天上门来吹嘘起产品的推销员,但他 克制着没有将他们推之门外。 8. 虽然他厌烦了那些每天上门来吹嘘起产品的推销员,但他 克制着没有将他们推之门外。 be fed up with boast about refrain from

104 Ex. XII, p. 53 《读写教程 IV 》 : Ex. XII, p. 53 Structured Writing

105 XII. Choose one of the following activities. Structured Writing AAAA BBBB

106 Write Your Own Structured Writing Write a short passage in which you discuss the relative merits of newspapers vs. the internet as a source of information. Use examples from your own experience to support your assertions.

107 Write Your Own Structured Writing Write an exemplification passage in which you illustrate how a family meal or a holiday celebration which you attended revealed the social attitudes of the group that took part.

108 1.Review Text A 2.Do exercises: Cloze(Ex. VIII, p. 50) Cloze(Ex. VIII, p. 50) Translation ( Ex. IX& X, p. 51) Translation ( Ex. IX& X, p. 51) 3.Structured Writing (Ex.XII, p. 53) AssignmentAssignment


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