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"How often should I visit my doctor?". Health Maintenance Evaluation: A visit to your health care provider which includes a discussion of your present.

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Presentation on theme: ""How often should I visit my doctor?". Health Maintenance Evaluation: A visit to your health care provider which includes a discussion of your present."— Presentation transcript:

1 "How often should I visit my doctor?"

2 Health Maintenance Evaluation: A visit to your health care provider which includes a discussion of your present medical concerns, a review of your medical history, a physical examination, to include at least blood pressure and weight, and the ordering of appropriate laboratory testing. Pap Smear: A screen for cancer of the cervix done in conjunction with an internal pelvic examination in women. At 18 years of age, a woman should begin to have yearly pap smears at her annual health check-ups.

3 Fecal Occult Blood: Examination for small amounts of blood in the stool which may be associated with increased risk for colon cancer. (invisible to eye) Age 50 Cholesterol: A blood study for detecting elevated blood levels of fats associated with risk of heart disease and stroke. Men may begin screening at age 18. Both men and women should have a cholesterol check at 20.

4 PSA: (Prostate Specific Antigen) A blood test for the early detection of possible prostate cancer in men. Mammogram: A screening for early detection of breast cancer. Sigmoidoscopy: A fiber optic view of the sigmoid colon for the detection of colon polyps or early detection of colon cancer.

5 The following immunizations should be given between birth and 18 years. As different vaccine schedules are required depending upon the vaccine product and type your group uses. Hepatitis B HIB—combination vaccination for Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus MMR—Measles, Mumps and Rubella DTaP—Diphtheria, Tetanus and cellular Pertussis Td—Adult Diphtheria and Tetanus Chicken pox Polio

6 Hepatitis B (Inflammation of the liver) - a disorder of the immune system or exposure to alcohol, certain medications, toxins or poisons. Causes: Blood Borne Illness, Body Fluids. Symptoms: Flu, Loss of Appetite, Fatigue, Nausea, Pain over the liver, Body itching, Jaundice, Dark Urine.

7 Diphtheria Infectious disease of the upper respiratory system caused by bacteria. Causes: Body Fluids, Contaminated Foods Symptoms: Bluish Skin, Bloody Nose, Difficulty Breathing, Coughing, Drooling, Chills, Sore Throat. Pertussis Whooping Cough Causes: Bacteria Symptoms: Runny Nose, Sneezing, Mild Cough, Low- Grade Fever.

8 Tetanus An infectious disease caused by contamination of wounds from bacteria that live in the soil Causes : Bacterial contamination of wounds. Symptoms: Irritability, Muscle Cramps, Difficulty Swallowing, Lockjaw, Muscle Spasms

9 MMR (Measles,Mumps,Rubella) Highly contagious respiratory infection. Causes: Viral, Coughing and Sneezing Symptoms: Fever, Cough, Runny Nose, Pink Eye, Full Body Rash Chicken Pox Skin disease that usually effects children between the ages of Causes: Viral, Coughing and Sneezing Symptoms: Fever, Sore throat, skin blisters, lesions.

10 Polio Infection that invades the nervous system and causes paralysis. Causes : Viral, Person to Person Symptoms: Flu, Fever, Sore throat, (95% have no symptoms)

11 Health Maintenance Evaluation A regularly scheduled Health Maintenance Evaluation at each of the following ages: 1, 2, 4, 6, 9, 12 and 18 months 2 and 3 years 5, 7 and 10 years 13 and 16 years 18 years Tuberculosis skin test is optional* at 12 months, 5 years, and at 15 years.

12 Health Maintenance Evaluation Every five years Women's Health Pap Smear - At least every year Mammogram- 1 baseline yrs. Estrogen replacement therapy, contraception or pregnancy will alter these recommendations. An abnormal Pap smear, multiple sexual partners, or history of sexually transmitted disease require more frequent evaluations. Skin test 1-2 years Cholesterol check Immunizations/Vaccinations Tetanus-diphtheria - Booster every 10 years

13 Health Maintenance Evaluation Every two years Women's Health Pap Smear - At least every three years An abnormal pap smear, multiple sexual partners, or history of sexually transmitted disease require more frequent evaluations. Skin Test Yearly Mammogram Every 1 year, starting at 40 Laboratory Testing Cholesterol - Every five years Men begin at 18, Women begin at 20 Immunizations/Vaccinations Tetanus-diphtheria - Booster every 10 years

14 Health Maintenance Evaluation Annually Colonoscopy - At least every 10 years- *optional every five years Fecal Occult Blood – Annually Women's Health Pap Smear - At least every three years. An abnormal pap smear, multiple sexual partners, or history of sexually transmitted disease require more frequent evaluations. Mammogram - Every year Laboratory Testing Cholesterol - Every five years PSA (for men) - *Optional annually Immunizations/Vaccinations Tetanus-diphtheria - Booster every 10 years

15 Health Maintenance Evaluation Annually Colonoscopy - At least every 10 years until age 70, *optional every five years,*optional after age 70 Fecal Occult Blood - Annually Women's Health Pap Smear - **Optional every three years until age 70 An abnormal pap smear, multiple sexual partners, or history of sexually transmitted disease require more frequent evaluations. Mammogram (for women) - Every 1-2 years until age 70 Laboratory Testing Cholesterol - Every five years until age 65 then - *optional PSA (for men) - *Optional annually until 70 Immunizations/Vaccinations Tetanus-diphtheria - Booster every 10 years until age 70 Influenza - Annually

16 Eye exams Annual check ups pediatricians/physicals Pap smear (gynecologist) Testicular exam Dentist Dermatologist Colonoscopy (ex: ulcers and IBS) Mammography (gynecologist) Blood Pressure (depending on condition) STDs and STIs

17 /prevent.htm /prevent.htm care_guidelines.html#Definition%20of%20Terms care_guidelines.html#Definition%20of%20Terms ve/groups/child-young-adult.asp ve/groups/child-young-adult.asp

18 Cardiologist – a physician who is certified to treat problems of the cardiovascular system—the heart, arteries, and veins. Orthopedist – a physician who specializes in treating disorders of the musculoskeletal system-the system of the body that includes bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, skin, and any structures related to them. Oncologist – are physicians who study, diagnose, and treat cancerous tumors Hematologist – a physician who diagnoses and treats diseases and conditions associated with the blood system. Ophthalmologist – a physician who specializes in the medical and surgical care of the eyes and visual system and in the prevention of eye disease and injury. Neurologist – a medical doctor who has trained in the diagnosis and treatment of nervous system disorders, including diseases of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles. Dermatologist – a physician certified by the American Board of Dermatology (ABD) to treat conditions and diseases of the skin, hair, and nails.

19 Pediatrician – a physician who provides medical care to children from birth to early adulthood (usually until about the age of 21). Pediatricians diagnose and treat medical conditions and also provide preventative care (e.g., immunizations, wellness exams). Neonatologist – A physician who provides care for infants, including: prematurity, low birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation, congenital malformations (birth defects) Anesthesiologist – medical doctor trained to administer anesthesia; which is pain agent or drugs, and manage the medical care of patients before, during and after surgery. Podiatrist – a physician devoted to the study and medical treatment of disorders of the foot and ankle. Urologist – a physician who has specialized knowledge and skill regarding problems of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs. Gerontologist - professionals who specialize in working with elderly patients. They provide their services to people in nursing homes, senior citizen centers, and other similar facilities.

20 Obstetrician/Gynecologist – a physician specialist who provides medical and surgical care to women and has particular expertise in pregnancy, childbirth, and disorders of the reproductive system. This includes preventative care, prenatal care, detection of sexually transmitted diseases, Pap test screening, and family planning. Pulmonologist - a physician who possesses specialized knowledge and skill in the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary (lung) conditions and diseases. Oral Surgeon/Dentist - are trained to treat and diagnose defects, injuries and diseases of the mouth, jaw, teeth, neck, gums and other soft tissues of the head. Proctologist – Physicians who focus on colon, rectum and anus. Physical Therapist - help restore function, improve mobility, relieve pain, and prevent or limit permanent physical disabilities of patients suffering from injuries or disease. Chiropractor - diagnose and treat patients with health problems of the musculoskeletal system and treat the effects of those problems on the nervous system and on general health.


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