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Flight Training Review & voluntary adoption of SMS CAA Flight Examiner Seminar August 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Flight Training Review & voluntary adoption of SMS CAA Flight Examiner Seminar August 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Flight Training Review & voluntary adoption of SMS CAA Flight Examiner Seminar August 2012

2 Flight Training Review Start of a process Feedback limited no of submitters Acting on recommendations… o Part 61 Stage II NPRM o Part 139 submissions o ASL developing statistical reports for industry o Airspace review WIP o New data manager developing processes to assist risk based regulation Flight training trends as indicated in the data…

3 Near collision, loss of separation, or air proximity

4 Near collision – either positive or avoiding action or luck prevented a collision Air proximity – collision did not occur, but aircraft were close enough to cause alarm Loss of separation – loss of required separation; runway separation, required terrain separation (IFR below MSA), with IFR aircraft in controlled airspace

5 Note: more dual hours flown per year – solo are around 60-70% of dual hours



8 Safety Management Systems (SMS) OMG! o Another acronym o Hospital pass o Relax

9 SMS Global trend where safety involved ICAO requirement of all States 141 ??? NZ draft AC relates to CAR Parts119,139,145,172 Extensive resources - don’t over complicate or do all at once Complexity

10 An SMS is designed and implemented to: Develop and improve the safety culture within the organisation Manage risks within the organisation – with particular focus on risks which impact on safety Provide for ongoing monitoring and assessment of safety performance Make continual improvements

11 The culture shift… Move from intuitive environment to planned management of risk Proactive approach Identify hazards – prioritise Some hazards might not become a risk

12 CAA intentions include: Possible roadshows Provision of tools Transition period Share trend information Safety promotion Audit training

13 Expectations Philosophy - outcome Process - principles Practise – how to achieve What do you want to achieve How do you achieve it How do you manage your system to provide for the outcome sought – competent, knowledgeable, skillful pilots, top attitude!

14 Good for business Marketing tool Insurance benefits

15 “Cat door approach to SMS” Staff member enters hanger thru “cat door” in larger hanger door Staff member wacks head on door frame

16 Intuitive - no QS or SMS Moans all day about sore head Next time using “cat door” takes scab off last wound Moans Gets token sympathy Repeats wound, ducks, uses another door Sympathises with others similarly afflicted Probably unproductive

17 Quality System Files report Safety coordinator observes 9 th report this month Reports to CEO Considers o No light over door o Door being damaged by hard heads o Recommends installation of larger door CEO authorises job No “cat door” No sore heads Productive staff

18 SMS Context Context of hazards established - hanger identified Hazards identified – cat door analysed Risks analysed – light, damage, new installation evaluated Risks evaluated – worth it? Treat Treat risk – new installation Monitorreview Monitor and review – unintended consequences Communicate/consult Communicate/consult principles

19 “Dipstick approach to SMS” Student dips fuel Asks instructor does this include useable

20 Intuitive - no QS or SMS Instructor guessesInstructor doesn’t know Is wrong o Student runs out o Student enters fuel reserves Is correct but offers no explanation o Student perpetrates instructors lack of knowledge Doesn’t have time to determine Doesn’t care Generalises with conservative option Student doesn’t know what they don’t know

21 Quality System Fuel exhaustion occurrence report and/or Operated into reserves incident report Safety coordinator collates Report to CEO Pilot instructed to undergo fuel planning retraining

22 SMS Context Context – fuel policy and procedures Identify Identify risk – no fuel policy/procedure on dipstick calibration/identification Analyse Analyse – occurrences/instructor knowledge etc Evaluate Evaluate – consequence, probability, cost Treat Treat o CEO directs MC actions for next appropriate maintenance o Tanks drained, sticks calibrated & labelled “useable”/rego o MC develop fuel policy o Instructor training programmed on fuel policy Communicatereview Communicate & review

23 Questions/discussion

24 Mountain Flying Almost two years Feedback? PPL Instructor CPL

25 Regular ‘bending the ear’ topic Prior to AvKiwi – most requested topic

26 AvKiwi follow up – recent observations Instructor renewals – logbook assessments Challenge those without – re-enforcement of standards Challenge ourselves – using promulgated procedures CD’s for sale



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