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Lesson 2 Why is it necessary for you to be informed about sexually transmitted diseases or infections? Common STIs Learning about STDs can help you avoid.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 2 Why is it necessary for you to be informed about sexually transmitted diseases or infections? Common STIs Learning about STDs can help you avoid."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Lesson 2 Why is it necessary for you to be informed about sexually transmitted diseases or infections? Common STIs Learning about STDs can help you avoid the behaviors that lead to infection.

3 Lesson 2 Lesson Objectives Describe the symptoms and treatments for some common STDs List community health services that help with the prevention and treatment of STDs Examine public health policies and practices regarding STDs Discuss the harmful effects of STDs on the fetus In this lesson, you will learn to:

4 Lesson 2 Common STIs Some STDs Prevalent in the United States Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Chlamydia Genital HerpesGonorrheaTrichomoniasisSyphilis

5 Lesson 2 An Epidemic of STDs in the United States The human papillomavirus (HPV), is considered the most common STD in the United States.human papillomavirus (HPV) About 30 different types of HPV can infect the genital area. Most types of HPV infections are asymptomatic. A Pap test and other medical examinations may detect changes associated with HPV. Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by certain types of HPV. Human Papillomavirus

6 Lesson 2 Human Papillomavirus Genital Warts Genital warts are pink or reddish warts with cauliflowerlike tops that appear on the genitals, the vagina, or the cervix one to three months after infection from HPV. Diagnosis is determined by a health care worker by examination of the warts. Treatments can rid the body of the warts but not the virus. Infants born to females infected with HPV may develop warts in their throats, obstructing the breathing passages, which can be life-threatening.

7 Lesson 2 Chlamydia What Is Chlamydia? Chlamydia is asymptomatic in 75 percent of infected females and 50 percent of infected males.Chlamydia Chlamydia is diagnosed by laboratory examination of secretions from the cervix and the urethra. It can be treated with antibiotics, but no immunity develops, so a person can become infected again. Chlamydia can cause premature birth, and infants born to infected females may develop eye disease or pneumonia.

8 Lesson 2 Genital Herpes What Is Genital Herpes? Most individuals who have genital herpes are asymptomatic.genital herpes Those who do show symptoms typically have blisterlike sores in the genital area that occur periodically. Diagnosis is made through laboratory tests on the fluid from the blisters. Medication can relieve the symptoms but cannot cure herpes infection. The herpes virus is potentially fatal for infants who contract the virus from their mothers at the time of delivery.

9 Lesson 2 Gonorrhea What Is Gonorrhea? Symptoms of gonorrhea include a discharge and pain or burning on urination.gonorrhea Diagnosis in males is made by staining and examining the discharge under a microscope. Diagnosis in females is made by swabbing the cervix and growing the organisms in a laboratory. Infants born to mothers with gonorrhea can contract eye infections that cause blindness.

10 Lesson 2 Trichomoniasis What Is Trichomoniasis? Trichomoniasis may result in vaginitis, an inflammation of the vagina characterized by discharge, odor, irritation, and itching.Trichomoniasis When symptoms do occur in males, they include mild urethral itching or discharge and burning after urination. In females, trichomoniasis is diagnosed by microscopic examination of the discharge, while males are usually treated without laboratory testing if their partners are infected.

11 Lesson 2 Syphilis What Is Syphilis? The first sign of syphilis is a painless reddish sore called a chancre.syphilis The sore will heal on its own, but if the infection is not treated, it spreads through the blood to other parts of the body. Eventually, the disease can damage internal organs, including the heart, liver, nervous system, and kidneys. An infant infected with syphilis may have a damaged nervous system and can die from the effects.

12 Lesson 2 Other Common STDs

13 Lesson 2 Treating STDs Being embarrassed should not stop a person who thinks that he or she may have been exposed to an STD from visiting a private physician or a public health clinic. Only a health care professional can prescribe the correct treatment, including antibiotics, for some STDs. Seeking Treatment

14 Lesson 2 Seeking Treatment Preventing the Spread of Infection Public health clinics sometimes help with contacting current and past partners to make sure they get any needed treatment. Ultimately, however, it is the responsibility of any person infected with an STD to notify everyone with whom he or she has had sexual contact. Informing someone else about the possibility of having an STD could save the person’s life.

15 Lesson 2 Quick Review Q. Which of the following STDs consistently presents noticeable symptoms? 1.Some HPV infections like chlamydia 2.Cystitis 3.Gonorrhea, trichomoniasis 4.Genital herpes

16 Lesson 2 Click Next to attempt another question. A. 2. cystitis A Cystitis is an STD that consistently presents noticeable symptoms. Quick Review - Answer

17 Lesson 2 Quick Review Q. Which of the following is NOT an effect of common STDs on infants? 1.Infants born to females infected with chlamydia may develop eye disease or pneumonia. 2.Infants born to mothers with gonorrhea can contract eye infections that cause blindness. 3.Infants born to mothers with herpes can die from the mother’s Infection. 4.An infant infected with syphilis may have a damaged nervous system and can die from the effects.

18 Lesson 2 A. 3. Infants born to mothers with herpes can die from the mother’s Infection. Effects of common STDs on infants do NOT include the infants born to mothers with herpes can die from the mother’s infection. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

19 Lesson 2 Quick Review True False Q. A person can go to a private physician or to a public health clinic for the treatment of an STD. Choose the appropriate option.

20 Lesson 2 Click Next to attempt another question. A. True. A person can go to a private physician or to a public health clinic for the treatment of an STD. Quick Review - Answer

21 Lesson 2 Quick Review True False Q. Public policies enable health officials to locate and contact sexual partners of people who have been diagnosed with an STD. Choose the appropriate option.

22 Lesson 2 Click Next to attempt another question. A. True. Public policies enable health officials to locate and contact sexual partners of people who have been diagnosed with an STD. Quick Review - Answer

23 Lesson 2 End of Lesson 2 Click Home to view the Main menu.

24 Lesson 2 An Epidemic of STDs in the United States The human papillomavirus (HPV), is considered the most common STD in the United States. About 30 different types of HPV can infect the genital area. Most types of HPV infections are asymptomatic. A Pap test and other medical examinations may detect changes associated with HPV. Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by certain types of HPV. The human papillomavirus, or HPV, is a virus that can cause genital warts or asymptomatic infection. Human Papillomavirus

25 Lesson 2 What Is Chlamydia? Chlamydia is asymptomatic in 75 percent of infected females and 50 percent of infected males. Chlamydia is diagnosed by laboratory examination of secretions from the cervix and the urethra. It can be treated with antibiotics, but no immunity develops, so a person can become infected again. Chlamydia can cause premature birth, and infants born to infected females may develop eye disease or pneumonia. Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that affects the reproductive organs of both males and females. Chlamydia

26 Lesson 2 Most individuals who have genital herpes are asymptomatic.genital herpes Those who do show symptoms typically have blisterlike sores in the genital area that occur periodically. Diagnosis is made through laboratory tests on the fluid from the blisters. Medication can relieve the symptoms but cannot cure herpes infection. The herpes virus is potentially fatal for infants who contract the virus from their mothers at the time of delivery. What Is Genital Herpes? Genital herpes is an STD caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Genital Herpes

27 Lesson 2 What Is Gonorrhea? Symptoms of gonorrhea include a discharge and pain or burning on urination. Diagnosis in males is made by staining and examining the discharge under a microscope. Diagnosis in females is made by swabbing the cervix and growing the organisms in a laboratory. Infants born to mothers with gonorrhea can contract eye infections that cause blindness. Gonorrhea is a bacterial STD that usually affects mucous membranes. Gonorrhea

28 Lesson 2 Trichomoniasis may result in vaginitis, an inflammation of the vagina characterized by discharge, odor, irritation, and itching. When symptoms do occur in males, they include mild urethral itching or discharge and burning after urination. In females, trichomoniasis is diagnosed by microscopic examination of the discharge, while males are usually treated without laboratory testing if their partners are infected. What Is Trichomoniasis? Trichomoniasis is an STD caused by a microscopic protozoan that results in infections of the vagina, urethra, and bladder. Trichomoniasis

29 Lesson 2 What Is Syphilis? The first sign of syphilis is a painless reddish sore called a chancre. The sore will heal on its own, but if the infection is not treated, it spreads through the blood to other parts of the body. Eventually, the disease can damage internal organs, including the heart, liver, nervous system, and kidneys. An infant infected with syphilis may have a damaged nervous system and can die from the effects. Syphilis is a bacterial STD that attacks many parts of the body and is caused by a small bacterium called a spirochete. Syphilis

30 Lesson 2 A. Correct! A Cystitis is an STD that consistently presents noticeable symptoms. Click Next to attempt another question.

31 Lesson 2 You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer.

32 Lesson 2 A. Correct! Effects of common STDs on infants do NOT include the following: infants born to mothers with herpes can die from the mother’s infection. Click Next to attempt another question.

33 Lesson 2 You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer.

34 Lesson 2 A. Correct! A person can go to a private physician or to a public health clinic for the treatment of an STD. Click Next to attempt another question.

35 Lesson 2 You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer.

36 Lesson 2 A. Correct! Public policies enable health officials to locate and contact sexual partners of people who have been diagnosed with an STD. Click Next to attempt another question.

37 Lesson 2 You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer.


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