Presentation on theme: "Hilltop High School English 9 PLC"— Presentation transcript:
1Hilltop High School English 9 PLC Analyzing Poetry Figures of Speech & Imagery in “A Dream Deferred” by Langston HughesHilltop High School English 9 PLC
2Figures of SpeechFigure of Speech- is always based on a comparison, and it is not literally true.Simile- two dissimilar things are compared using a word such as like, as, than, or resembles.For Example: when describing March as “in like a lion, out like a lamb”.
3Figures of SpeechMetaphor- is a comparison between two unlike things in which one thing becomes another thing without the use of a word such as like or as.For Example: “life is a roller coaster”.
4Figures of SpeechDirect Metaphor- directly compares the two things using a verb as is.For Example: when a sportscaster calls an athlete a “warrior”.
5Figures of SpeechImplied Metaphor- implies and suggests the comparison between the two things without stating it directly.For Example: when a sportscaster says that an athlete’s “ability is beginning to blossom”. (the athlete is likened to a flower).
6Figures of SpeechPersonification- is a special kind of metaphor in which human qualities are given to something that is not human- an animal, an object, or even an idea.For Example: when a weather person describes the sun as “smiling down on us”.
7SymbolA symbol is often an ordinary object, event, person, or animal to which we have attached extraordinary meaning and significance.For example: We use a rectangle of dyed cloth to symbolize a country. We use a picture of a skull and crossbones to stand for poison or danger. We send red roses as a symbol of love.
8Symbols in literature Why Don’t Writers Just Say What They Mean? Symbols allow writers to suggest layers and layers of meaning- possibilities that a simple, literal statement could never convey. A symbol is like a pebble cast into the pond: it sends out ever-widening ripples of meaning.
9ImageryImagery- Imagery is one of the elements that give poetry its forcefulness. Images are basically copies of things you can see; but images in poetry can do even more than help us see things.Image- is a single word or phrase that appeals to one of our senses:
11ImageryPoets emphasize, with words, certain aspects they want their reader to notice. In the following examples two poets describe a house. Each emphasizes a different aspect of the house.
12ImageryIt is through the imagery in the poem that the reader sees the certain twist or aspect the poet intends the reader to notice. See if you can detect, through the imagery, what the poet wants you to see through each example:
13Imagery “Through broken walls and gray The winds blow bleak and shrill;They are all gone away.”What aspect of a house does the poet want the reader to notice? How is the house described?
14Imagery“There are bees in this wall.” He struck theclapboards,Fierce heads looked out; small bodies pivoted.We rose to go. Sunset blazed on the windows.”What aspect of a house does the writer want the reader to notice? How is the house described?
15ImageryA poet’s style-Imagery is part of a poet’s style. It is the product of the poet’s own way of seeing the world.Just as we learn to recognize certain painters at once by noticing the colors and shapes that mark their works, we learn to identify poets by paying attention to their imagery.
16ImageryPoets who live in cities will usually draw upon street scenes while poets who live far from cities usually draw their images from what they see of country life.
17Analyzing PoetryLangston Hughes was born in Joplin, Missouri, and graduated from high school in Ohio. His father wanted to discourage his son’s “impractical” dream of being a writer, so he sent him to Columbia University to study engineering. The young writer was not happy, so he left Columbia to travel the world.
18Langston HughesEventually, he graduated from Lincoln University and worked odd jobs to support his writing. Hughes is known as one of the great original voices in American literature.
19A Dream Deferred by Langston Hughes What happens to a dream deferred?Does it stink like rotten meat?Or crust and sugar over—like a syrupy sweet?Does it dry upMaybe it just sagslike a raisin in the sun?like a heavy load.Or fester like a sore—And then run?Or does it explode?
20Diction in “Dream Deferred” “defer”= to delay temporarily, to give in to someone elseWhat happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore— And then run?“dream”= hope for the future“fester”= to become infected, to irritate“sore”=a wound, causing misery
21Imagery in “Dream Deferred” What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore— And then run?sight, touch, taste,smellsight, touchsight,touch,smell
22Does it stink like rotten meat Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over— like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode?smell,sighttouch,smell,sight,tastetouch, sighttouch, sight, hearing
23Figurative Language in “Dream Deferred” Simile: Deferred dream shrivels like a raisinWhat happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore— And then run?Simile: Deferred dream becomes diseased, infected like a sore
24Simile: Deferred dream stinks of decay like rotten meat Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over— like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode?Simile: Deferred dream stinks of decay like crusty syrupSimile: deferred dream is a burden; it weighs the dreamer down
25Does it stink like rotten meat Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over— like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode?Metaphor: deferred dream is a bomb that explodes and destroys.Possible Theme: a deferred dream causes destruction. This is the answer to the poem’s question.