1. 30 to 40 million Americans currently have O a) HIV/AIDS O b) herpes O c) chlamydia
2. Women who’ve had an STD are at increased risk for: O A. Infertility O B. HIV/AIDS O C. Cervical Cancer
3. Experts call which of the following bacterial STDs “the silent epidemic”? O A. scabies O B. chlamydia O C. trichomoniasis The bacterial STD chlamydia has been called a "silent epidemic" because 75% of women and 50% of men with the disease experience no symptoms. It's especially prevalent among young people. Untreated chlamydial infections in women often result in another "silent epidemic" -- pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a leading cause of infertility.
4. Which of the following groups is at greatest risk for STDs? O A. men under 25 O B. women under 25 O C. men 25-40 The highest rates of STD infection occur among women 15 to 19 years of age. People under 25 who have had more than one sexual partner are at highest risk for STDs, but people of all ages, ethnicities, and income levels can be affected.
5. When asked to name the greatest obstacle they face in trying to protect themselves against STDs, people often cite: O A. carelessness O B. ignorance O C. self-consciousness People of all ages cite embarrassment or self- consciousness as the greatest obstacle they face in trying to protect themselves against STDs.
6. Experts now recommend that young people be immunized against what STD? O A. chlamydia O B. herpes O C. hepatitis B The Centers for Disease Control currently recommend that all adolescents be immunized against hepatitis B. It's also part of the new standards for pediatric immunization, so it's important to make sure that your young children are immunized. The vaccine is given in the arm, in three doses. It's important to get all three shots, and advisable for teens to do so before they become sexually active and risk exposure to the disease.
7. Which of the following STDs can be cured? O A. herpes O B. gonorrhea O C. genital warts Gonorrhea is usually easy to cure with antibiotics. Herpes and genital warts, while treatable, are chronic viral infections and are not curable. Proper management of herpes and genital warts, however, can help minimize or even alleviate symptoms. If you've been infected with herpes or genital warts, you're not alone, and there is hope. Millions of people have been able to keep their symptoms under control.
8. The most common symptom of STD infection in women is: O A. vaginal discharge O B. sores and/or blisters in the genital region O C. no symptoms It's estimated that from 10 to 20% of men with STDs and 75% of women with STDs experience no symptoms. So you can be infected and not even know it.
9. You may be at risk for HIV/AIDS if: O A. you have had many sex partners in the last 10 years O B. you have given blood at a blood bank of blood collection center O C. you have eaten food prepared by a person infected with HIV You can't get HIV/AIDs from giving blood or eating food prepared by a person infected with HIV. Having multiple sex partners, however, can increase the chance that you may be exposed to HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
10. The best form of protection against STDs during sex is: O A. spermicides O B. condoms, used correctly all the time O C. the pill, norplant, nuvaring, depo-provera Condoms (male and female) are still the best form of protection for anal, oral, and vaginal sex. But even condoms can?t protect you against every STD. Condoms can?t always protect you against herpes, for example. Spermicides have been shown to kill some of the germs that cause STDs, so its a good idea to use them with condoms for extra protection. The pill, Norplant, and Depo-Provera are only methods of birth control. They offer no protection against sexually transmitted diseases.
MYTHS OF STDs True or False 1. Most people with an STD experience painful symptoms. 2. Birth control pills prevent the spread of STDs. 3. Douching will cure an STD. 4. Abstinence is the best way to prevent STDs. 5. If you get an STD once, and are treated, you can’t get it again. 6. A person does not need to see a doctor if she/he notices scores on his/her genitals once, but then they go away. 7. Condoms help prevent the spread of STDs
How well do you know the 63 people you had sex with last night?
STDs OSOSTDs are diseases and infections which are capable of being spread from person to person through: O sexual intercourse OoOoral-genital contact or in non-sexual ways. OIOIV drug
Symptoms What are the symptoms? How would I know if I have been infected? O Sores (either painful or painless) O Blood in urine O Burning sensation when urinating O Rashes O Itching O Bumps O Warts O Unusual discharge
Chlamydia O Four million new cases occur each year O SYMPTOMS: fever, weight loss for no reason, swollen glands, fatigue, diarrhea, white spots on the mouth. FEMALE SYMPTOMS: Vaginal discharge (white or grey) or burning with urination Lower abdominal pain Bleeding between menstrual periods. Low-grade fever (later symptom) MALE SYMPTOMS: Discharge from the penis and/or burning when urinating Burning and itching around the opening of the penis Pain and swelling in the testicles Low –grade fever (associated with epididymitis – inflammation of the testicles)
Gonorrhea O Each year approximately 650,000 people in the United States are infected with gonorrhea O People get gonorrhea from close sexual contact (anal sex, oral sex., and vaginal). O Gonorrhea can also be spread from mother to child during birth. O Gonorrhea infection can spread to other unlikely parts of the body
Symptoms of Gonorrhea O Appear 5-7 days or can take up to 30 days to appear O sore or red throat if you have gonorrhea in the throat from oral sex O rectal pain O blood and pus in bowel movements if you have gonorrhea in therectum from anal sex.
O FEMALE SYMPTOMS: Symptoms may show up 2-21 days after having sex May notice a yellow or white discharge from the vagina May be a burning or pain when urinating Bleeding between periods Heavier and more painful periods Cramps or pain in the lower abdomen, sometimes with nausea or fever O MALE SYMPTOMS: Yellow or white drip/discharge from penis Burning or pain when urinating Frequent urinating Swollen testicles
Syphilis OTOThe long range effects can be very serious, including death. OIOIn the United States, an estimated 70,000 new cases of syphilis in adults OpOpassed from person to person through direct contact with a syphilis sore OSOSores mainly occur on the external genitalia, vagina, anus, or rectum. Sores can also occur on the lips and in the mouth. OTOTransmission of the organism occurs during vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
Symptoms – Stage 1 OSOSymptoms usually appear 10-90 days after contact. OAOAn infected person gets a sore (chancre), which may be painful at the point of contact (mouth, anus, rectum,throat or the sex organ). OTOThe chancre is usually firm, round, small, and painless.It appears at the spot where the bacterium enteredthe body. OTOThe chancre lasts 1-5 weeks and heals on its own. OTOThis will disappear on its own, but may last 4-6 weeks. OIOIn the female, the chancre is often internal and cannot be seen.
Secondary Stage OlOlasts 3-6 weeks. OAOAfter the chancre comes a copper-colored skin rash which may appear on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, or in more severe cases covers the entire body. OTOThe rash may be accompanied by fever, headaches, indigestion, loss of appetite, or loss of hair in spots over the scalp.
Third Stage – Latent Period OAOAll symptoms disappear so that the victim thinks he/she is cured. OIOIf not received treatment the bacterium remains in the body and begins to damage the internal organs including the brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and joints.
Fourth Stage - Tertiary OTOThe results of the internal damage from the 3 rd stage shows up many years later. OTOTen, twenty, even thirty years after the initial infection - sudden heart attack, failure of vision, loss of motor coordination or mental disturbances.
Herpes O Symptoms usually show 2-20 days after contact. O May be extremely painful or very mild. O “outbreaks” of blisters and ulcers. O Once infected with HPV, people remain infected for life. O Stress, bruising, chaffing, or a woman’s period may cause an onset of the disease. FEMALE SYMPTOMS: Blisters in or around the vagina, fever and headaches. MALE SYMPTOMS: Small sore or cluster of blisters on the penis.
Genital Warts / Veniral Warts O Growths that appear on the vagina or penis, near the anus, and sometimes in the throat. O They are caused by viruses and spread through sexual contact. O The virus that causes genital warts is spread by vaginal or anal intercourse and by oral sex. O Warts may appear within several weeks after sex with a person who has HPV; or they may take months or years to appear; or they may never appear. O A person can be infected and pass on the virus without knowing it. O Approximately 5.5 million new cases of sexually transmitted HPV (one third of all new STDs) occur in the U.S. each year, with at least 20 million people currently infected. O Three out of four Americans between the ages of 15 and 49 have been infected with genital HPV in their lifetimes.
Symptoms O Usually the warts look like tiny cauliflowers, but sometimes they are flat. O The warts may cause itching, burning and some pain, but often don’t cause any pain at all. O Warts may be inside the vagina or on the cervix, or in the rectum or throat, so you might not notice them. O They might also be so small that you cannot see them.
HIV There are two main ways you get AIDS: Vaginal, oral, anal, etc. sex Sharing drug needles and syringes
Prevention Abstinence Know your partner Limit your partners Visit your doctor Always look Keep clean!
Remember: O People who engage in premarital sex are nearly 50 percent more likely to divorce. O 3 million teens contract an STD each year – some of which have no cure, are a leading cause of cervical cancer or can even lead to infertility.