Presentation on theme: "Sexually Transmitted Infections April 4 th, 2006 Natalie Mulling Vanessa Sooknanan Lisa Elson Daneen Bianchi Maya George What have YOU caught lately?"— Presentation transcript:
Sexually Transmitted Infections April 4 th, 2006 Natalie Mulling Vanessa Sooknanan Lisa Elson Daneen Bianchi Maya George What have YOU caught lately?
STIs Group # 4 Chapter #29 Sexually Transmitted Diseases/ Infections Lesson #1 Topic: Knowledge and Prevention
Audience Background College Level: 1 st through 4 th
Introduction Sexually transmitted infections are most commonly broken into three main categories: –Bacterial STIs, viral STIs and parasitic STIs. –Among the most common bacterial STIs are chlamydia (also the most frequently found STI on college campuses), gonorrhea, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and syphilis.
–The most commonly seen viral STIs are herpes, genital warts (HPV), hepatitis B and HIV/AIDS, while trichomoniasis is the most frequent parasite. –All types of infections can occur whether one engages in heterosexual or homosexual sexual behavior.
Chlamydia Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted infection. Chlamydia is known as a “silent” disease because about ¾ of infected women and ½ of infected men have no symptoms.
Chlamydia — Rates by state: United States and outlying areas, 2004 Note: The total rate of chlamydia for the United States and outlying areas (Guam, Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands) was per 100,000 population.
Chlamydia Contraction –Transmitted during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Symptoms –Usually no signs or symptoms –Low back pain –Nausea, fever, pain during intercourse –Discharge from the genitals –Burning sensation when urinating
Chlamydia Complication –cause Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). –Chronic pelvic pain and infertility. –Complication for men are rare Treatment –Easily treated and cured with antibiotics –Single dose of azithromycin or a week of doxycycline (2 x daily).
Chlamydia Prevention –Abstain from sexual conduct –Latex male condoms –Annual screening test
Genital Herpes Caused by Herpes Simplex virus type 1 and 2 Nationwide, at least 45 million people ages 12 and older (1 out of every 5) have had a genital HSV infection.
Primary herpes, female
Primary herpes, male
Genital Herpes Contraction –Sexual contact with someone who has HSV-2 –Can occur from a partner who has no visible sore Symptoms –Most people infected with HSV-2 are not aware of it –Sores, flu-like symptoms
Genital Herpes Complications –Recurrent painful genital sores –Psychological distress –Fatal infections in babies Treatments –No treatment that can cure herpes Antiviral medication can shorten and prevent outbreaks
Genital Herpes Prevention –Abstain from sexual contact –Infection can still occur when infected site is covered by latex condom –Even correct and consistent use of latex condoms cannot guarantee protection from genital herpes
Trichomoniasis The most common curable STI in young, sexually active women Estimate of 7.4 million new cases among men and women Caused by single cell protozoan
Trichomoniasis Contraction –Penis to vagina intercourse –Vulva to vulva (genital area outside the vagina) –Women can acquire the disease from infected man or women, but men usually contract it only from infected women Symptoms –Most have no signs or symptoms –Irritation and itching of genital
Trichomoniasis Complications –Genital inflammation Treatments –Cured by prescription drug
Trichomoniasis Prevention –Abstain from sexual contact –Latex male condoms
Human Papilloma Virus Approximately 20 million people are currently infected with HPV At least 50% of sexually active men and women will have had HPV About 6.2 million Americans get a new HPV infection each year
Condyloma acuminata, penile
Human Papilloma Virus Contraction –Spread primarily through genital contact Symptoms –Most have no signs or symptoms –Genital warts
Human Papilloma Virus Complications –Can lead to cervical cancer (in rare cases) Treatment –No ‘cure’ for HPV –In women it usually goes away on its own –Pap test usually comes back abnormal if you have HPV –No HPV test for men
Human Papilloma Virus Prevention –Abstain from sexual contact –Infection can still occur when infected site is covered by latex condom –Even correct and consistent use of latex condoms cannot guarantee protection from HPV
Gonorrhea Cause by the bacterium –Neisseria Gonorrhoeae More than 700,000 people in US get new infections each year Only half the cases are reported
Gonorrhea Contraction –Spread through contact with the penis, vagina, mouth or anus –Ejaculation does not have to occur for it to be transmitted Symptoms –Some have no symptoms at all –Burning sensation when urinating –White, yellow, or green discharge –Bladder or vaginal infection
Gonorrhea Complications –Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) –Can spread to blood and joints Treatment –Several antibiotics can cure gonorrhea Some have drug- resistant stains
Gonorrhea Prevention –Abstain from sexual contact –Latex condoms When used consistently and correctly
Syphilis Cause by bacterium –Treponema pallidum Between 2001 and 2002, cases increased 12.5% Infections are highest among –Women: years old –Men: years old
Syphilis - Treponema pallidum
Syphilis Contraction –Through direct contact from a syphilis sore Symptoms –Primary stage Single sore called chancre –Secondary stage Skin rash and mucous membrane lesions –Last stage Secondary symptoms disappear Latent-no signs or symptoms
Primary syphilis - chancre
Secondary syphilis - papulo- pustular rash
Syphilis Complications –Sore throat, fever, patchy hair loss, headaches, muscle aches –Damage to internal organs Treatment –Easy to cure at early stages (less than 1 year) –Injection of penicillin –Will not reverse any damage already done
Syphilis Prevention –Abstain from sexual contact –Talk to partner about being tested –Condoms lubricated with spermicide –Washing genitals, urinating, or douching after sex
Testing Where you can get tested –Planned Parenthood –Alachua County Health Department –UF Student Health Care Center –Sante Fe Community College Health Center How much does it cost? –Variable cost
Confidentiality What are your rights? The patient has the right to be provided with appropriate privacy, including protection from access to their confidential information from the individuals who are not responsible for direct health care and by other staff working at the health care center.
Counseling Centers Location –Alachua County Crisis Center –Shands Hospital –UF Counseling Center Cost –Variable cost
Cultural Beliefs Ethical and/ or moral beliefs Potential limitations due to cultural beliefs pertaining to the prevention of sexually transmitted infections are: -Individuals are not allowed to use condom. -Shame associated with using a contraceptive