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Sexually Transmitted Infections

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Presentation on theme: "Sexually Transmitted Infections"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sexually Transmitted Infections
April 4th, 2006 Sexually Transmitted Infections What have YOU caught lately? Natalie Mulling Vanessa Sooknanan Lisa Elson Daneen Bianchi Maya George

2 STIs Group # 4 Chapter #29 Sexually Transmitted Diseases/ Infections
Lesson #1 Topic: Knowledge and Prevention

3 Audience Background College Level: 1st through 4th

4 STI Video

5 Introduction Sexually transmitted infections are most commonly broken into three main categories: Bacterial STIs, viral STIs and parasitic STIs. Among the most common bacterial STIs are chlamydia (also the most frequently found STI on college campuses), gonorrhea, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and syphilis.

6 The most commonly seen viral STIs are herpes, genital warts (HPV), hepatitis B and HIV/AIDS, while trichomoniasis is the most frequent parasite. All types of infections can occur whether one engages in heterosexual or homosexual sexual behavior.

7 Sexually Transmitted Infection
Types of STIs Chlamydia Genital Herpes Trichomoniasis Human Papilloma Virus Gonorrhea Syphilis

8 Chlamydia Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted infection. Chlamydia is known as a “silent” disease because about ¾ of infected women and ½ of infected men have no symptoms.

9 Chlamydia — Rates by state: United States and outlying areas, 2004
Note: The total rate of chlamydia for the United States and outlying areas (Guam, Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands) was per 100,000 population.

10 Chlamydia Contraction Transmitted during vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
Symptoms Usually no signs or symptoms Low back pain Nausea, fever, pain during intercourse Discharge from the genitals Burning sensation when urinating

11 Chlamydia Complication cause Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID).
Chronic pelvic pain and infertility. Complication for men are rare Treatment Easily treated and cured with antibiotics Single dose of azithromycin or a week of doxycycline (2 x daily).

12 Chlamydia Prevention Abstain from sexual conduct Latex male condoms
Annual screening test

13 Genital Herpes Caused by Herpes Simplex virus type 1 and 2
Nationwide, at least 45 million people ages 12 and older (1 out of every 5) have had a genital HSV infection.

14 Primary herpes, female

15 Primary herpes, male

16 Genital Herpes Contraction Sexual contact with someone who has HSV-2
Can occur from a partner who has no visible sore Symptoms Most people infected with HSV-2 are not aware of it Sores, flu-like symptoms

17 Genital Herpes Complications Recurrent painful genital sores
Psychological distress Fatal infections in babies Treatments No treatment that can cure herpes Antiviral medication can shorten and prevent outbreaks

18 Genital Herpes Prevention Abstain from sexual contact
Infection can still occur when infected site is covered by latex condom Even correct and consistent use of latex condoms cannot guarantee protection from genital herpes

19 Trichomoniasis The most common curable STI in young, sexually active women Estimate of 7.4 million new cases among men and women Caused by single cell protozoan

20 Trichomoniasis Contraction Penis to vagina intercourse
Vulva to vulva (genital area outside the vagina) Women can acquire the disease from infected man or women, but men usually contract it only from infected women Symptoms Most have no signs or symptoms Irritation and itching of genital

21 Trichomoniasis Complications Genital inflammation Treatments
Cured by prescription drug

22 Trichomoniasis Prevention Abstain from sexual contact
Latex male condoms

23 Human Papilloma Virus Approximately 20 million people are currently infected with HPV At least 50% of sexually active men and women will have had HPV About 6.2 million Americans get a new HPV infection each year

24 Condyloma acuminata, penile

25 Human Papilloma Virus Contraction
Spread primarily through genital contact Symptoms Most have no signs or symptoms Genital warts

26 Human Papilloma Virus Complications
Can lead to cervical cancer (in rare cases) Treatment No ‘cure’ for HPV In women it usually goes away on its own Pap test usually comes back abnormal if you have HPV No HPV test for men

27 Human Papilloma Virus Prevention Abstain from sexual contact
Infection can still occur when infected site is covered by latex condom Even correct and consistent use of latex condoms cannot guarantee protection from HPV

28 Gonorrhea Cause by the bacterium
Neisseria Gonorrhoeae More than 700,000 people in US get new infections each year Only half the cases are reported

29 Gonococcal urethritis

30 Gonorrhea Contraction
Spread through contact with the penis, vagina, mouth or anus Ejaculation does not have to occur for it to be transmitted Symptoms Some have no symptoms at all Burning sensation when urinating White, yellow, or green discharge Bladder or vaginal infection

31 Gonorrhea Complications Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Can spread to blood and joints Treatment Several antibiotics can cure gonorrhea Some have drug-resistant stains

32 Gonorrhea Prevention Abstain from sexual contact Latex condoms
When used consistently and correctly

33 Syphilis Cause by bacterium
Treponema pallidum Between 2001 and 2002, cases increased 12.5% Infections are highest among Women: years old Men: years old

34 Syphilis - Treponema pallidum

35 Syphilis Contraction Through direct contact from a syphilis sore
Symptoms Primary stage Single sore called chancre Secondary stage Skin rash and mucous membrane lesions Last stage Secondary symptoms disappear Latent-no signs or symptoms

36 Primary syphilis - chancre

37 Secondary syphilis - papulo-pustular rash

38 Syphilis Complications
Sore throat, fever, patchy hair loss, headaches, muscle aches Damage to internal organs Treatment Easy to cure at early stages (less than 1 year) Injection of penicillin Will not reverse any damage already done

39 Syphilis Prevention Abstain from sexual contact
Talk to partner about being tested Condoms lubricated with spermicide Washing genitals, urinating, or douching after sex

40 Testing Where you can get tested How much does it cost?
Planned Parenthood Alachua County Health Department UF Student Health Care Center Sante Fe Community College Health Center How much does it cost? Variable cost

41 Confidentiality What are your rights?
The patient has the right to be provided with appropriate privacy, including protection from access to their confidential information from the individuals who are not responsible for direct health care and by other staff working at the health care center.

42 Counseling Centers Alachua County Crisis Center Shands Hospital
Location Alachua County Crisis Center Shands Hospital UF Counseling Center Cost Variable cost

43 Cultural Beliefs Ethical and/ or moral beliefs
Potential limitations due to cultural beliefs pertaining to the prevention of sexually transmitted infections are: Individuals are not allowed to use condom. Shame associated with using a contraceptive

44 Any Questions or Comments

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