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3.5 The Digestive System Page 183-188. Stages of Digestion Ingestion-the taking in of nutrients. Digestion- the chemical and mechanical break- down of.

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Presentation on theme: "3.5 The Digestive System Page 183-188. Stages of Digestion Ingestion-the taking in of nutrients. Digestion- the chemical and mechanical break- down of."— Presentation transcript:

1 3.5 The Digestive System Page

2 Stages of Digestion Ingestion-the taking in of nutrients. Digestion- the chemical and mechanical break- down of food into nutrients. Absorption-the taking up of digested molecules into the cells of the digestive tract. Egestion-the removal of waste food materials from the body.

3 Mouth Physical digestion-chewing

4 Teeth Incisors-cut food into smaller pieces. Bicuspids (premolars) and Canines pierce and tear. Molars crush and grind.

5 Mouth Chemical digestion Saliva -1 Litre per day -makes food wet (mucous, enzymes) -bolus salivary amylase starch  disaccharides

6 Swallowing Tongue pushes food back to throat Soft palate protects nasal openings Epiglottis protects airways

7 Peristalsis Waves of smooth muscle contractions stimulated by the presence of food.

8 Structure of the Stomach 2L capacity Site of protein digestion

9 Sphincters Circular muscle Like the drawstring of a bag Relaxed, food can move through Contracted, the opening closes

10 Stomach Layers: mucosa innermost layer, mucosa secretes digestive juices replaced every 3 days

11 Stomach layer: submucosa -middle layer -connective tissue with network of nerves and blood

12 Stomach layers: muscularis 3 muscle layers that contract and relax

13 Stomach layer: serosa Holds stomach in place and lubricates it

14 chyme food & gastric juice

15 Gastrin Hormone released when food is present in the stomach 2L of gastric juices released each day Enzymes digest the protein

16 Acid hydrochloric acid, pH Break down of fibrous foods kills germs Activates enzymes pepsinogen  pepsin nerves in walls of stomach stimulate churning

17 Absorption Water Medicine (aspirin) Alcohol

18 Mucous Protects the stomach lining from digestion by enzymes and acid

19 Stomach Ulcers Helicobacter pylori Neutralizes acid Burrows into mucous Dr. Robin Warren and Dr. Barry Marshall


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