Presentation on theme: "The Respiratory System Asia Woodson Ashley Ingram Jordan Brandt Kasi Ofem Cindy Kirkland."— Presentation transcript:
The Respiratory System Asia Woodson Ashley Ingram Jordan Brandt Kasi Ofem Cindy Kirkland
Respiratory Functions Supplies blood with oxygen Allows gas exchange Deliver air to the lungs
Major Organs Lungs- Transport oxygen into the bloodstream and release CO 2 from the bloodstream. Larynx(Voice Box)- Helps with the production of sound and prevents choking. Pharynx(Throat)- Swallowing, Breathing, Speech, and Equilibrium of Pressure in the middle ear.
Major Organs (cont….) Trachea(Windpipe)- Maintain and protect the airway. Bronchi- "C" shaped rings of cartilage lined with ciliated mucus membrane that 'sweeps' out dust particles. Diaphragm- Enables inhalation and exhalation; separates thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities. Nose
Structure of the Lungs Large Coned-Shape Left Lung Right Lung Includes: Larynx, Trachea and Bronchial tree
Respiscular System!! Respiratory System provides oxygen needed for muscle activity; disposes of CO 2. Diaphragm and intercostal muscles produces volume changes necessary for breathing. Exercising of the muscles increase respiratory efficiency.
Asthma Inflammation of the bronchi and bronchioles. Episodes of airway obstruction. During attack, airway narrows and swells and bronchi muscles contract. Most don’t cause permanent damage but need immediate attention. Affects over 6 million children and about 15 million adults in the US. Long-term disease with no cure but it is controllable.
Cystic Fibrosis Inherited Body produces thick, sticky mucous in the epithelium, blocking passageways to organs. Most affected organs are lungs and pancreas. Approx. 1 in 20 Americans has the disease. Most children are diagnosed by 3. Adults with CF are at a higher risk to develop diabetes and osteoporosis. Has no cure but can be treated by exercising and taking medication!
Bronchitis Inflammation or infection of the bronchi making it difficult for the lungs to get oxygen. Causes mucous in the airways. Two types: Chronic and Acute Treated with antibiotics and bronchodilators.
Tuberculosis Infectious disease caused by infection. TB most commonly affects the lungs but also can involve almost any organ of the body. A person can become infected with tuberculosis when s/he inhales minute particles of infected sputum from the air. Most cases can be treated with medicine unless it is a case of “Drug- resistant TB.”
Lung Cancer Uncontrolled growth of malignant cells. Lung cancer is leading cause of cancer deaths, Smoking is leading cause of lung cancer. There are 6 stages of lung cancer. Treated with chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Healthy or Not?!?! Don’t Smoke or QUIT smoking. Avoid second-hand smoke. Fight germs and bacteria by washing and keeping clean areas. Wear protective mask when around strong chemicals. Exercise
Reference Elaine E. Marieb(2006). Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology: Eighth Edition. American Association for Clinical Chemistry(11/11/07).Lung Diseases.www.labtestsonline.org/understanding/conditions/lung_disease s-2.htmlwww.labtestsonline.org/understanding/conditions/lung_disease s-2.html Medical News Today(06/27/04).Asthma. Article Alley(02/06/07). Diseases that affect the respiratory system: bronchitis. Raj Padman,M.D(Sept. 2007). Cystic Fibrosis. Nick C. and Kelsey E. Respiratory System. piratorySystembyKelseyF.htm piratorySystembyKelseyF.htm Kevin Johnson. Human Body Systems.http://www.ehs.net/HBS/menu.htmhttp://www.ehs.net/HBS/menu.htm