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11017133/0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. BLR’s Safety Training Presentations Bloodborne Pathogens for First Responders 29 CFR 1910.1030.

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Presentation on theme: "11017133/0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. BLR’s Safety Training Presentations Bloodborne Pathogens for First Responders 29 CFR 1910.1030."— Presentation transcript:

1 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. BLR’s Safety Training Presentations Bloodborne Pathogens for First Responders 29 CFR Bloodborne Pathogens Compliance Directive (CPL2-2.69)

2 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Goals Transmission of bloodborne diseases Preventing exposure and transmission Quiz

3 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Exposure at Work Co-worker suffers a bleeding injury Administering first aid Touching a contaminated surface Assigned to clean up blood

4 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. What are Bloodborne Pathogens? Disease-causing microorganisms in human blood Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)

5 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Transmission of Bloodborne Pathogens Contact with infected blood Body fluids containing infected blood Cut by a contaminated sharp object Other ways of transmission

6 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Infectious Body Fluids Blood Saliva Vomit Urine Other body fluids

7 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Routes of Entry Mucous membranes –Eyes –Nose –Mouth Non-intact skin –Cuts –Abrasions –Dermatitis –Hangnails

8 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) HIV leads to AIDS Depletes the immune system HIV does not survive outside the body Saliva, tears, sweat

9 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) million Americans are infected Chronic liver disease, liver cancer, death Vaccination available since 1982 Survives for at least one week in dried blood

10 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) 3.9 million Americans are infected 70 percent suffer chronic liver disease 8,000-10,000 deaths per year Drug treatment effective in only 10 percent to 40 percent of persons

11 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Hepatitis Symptoms Jaundice Fatigue Abdominal pain Loss of appetite Nausea Vomiting

12 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Goals Transmission of bloodborne diseases Preventing exposure and transmission Quiz

13 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Exposure Control Plan (ECP) Determine potential exposure Safe work practices Decontamination Personal protective equipment (PPE)

14 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. ECP Biohazard waste Labels and signs Training requirements Recordkeeping

15 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Universal Precautions Treat all blood and body fluids as if infected Avoid contact with infected body fluids Clean up and decontaminate

16 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Protective Barriers Gloves Eye protection Clothing or aprons Nose and mouth protection CPR mask Impromptu barriers

17 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Safe Work Practices Remove contaminated PPE and clothing Disinfect contaminated equipment Wash up immediately after exposure Dispose of contaminated items

18 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Decontamination Wear protective gloves and glasses Body fluid disposal kit 1/4-cup bleach per gallon water Disposal of contaminated items

19 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Biohazard Waste Disposal Medical waste unlikely Discard band-aids or tissues Flush down toilet Absorb all liquids Double bag and discard

20 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Label Waste Containers Labels communicate a hazard Labels not typically required Universal biohazard symbol Term “Biohazard”

21 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Exposure Incident A specific incident Contact with mucous membranes or open skin Report accidents involving blood Post-exposure medical evaluations

22 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Post-Exposure Evaluation Confidential medical evaluation Document route of exposure Identify source individual Test source person’s blood Provide results to source and exposed employees

23 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Hepatitis B Vaccination Endorsed by medical communities Safe when given to infants, children, and adults Offered to all potentially exposed employees Provided at no cost Vaccination declination

24 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Recordkeeping Medical records must be kept confidential Medical records must be made available upon request Records contain status of hepatitis B vaccine Records contain post-exposure evaluation

25 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Goals Transmission of bloodborne diseases Preventing exposure and transmission Quiz

26 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Summary Universal precautions PPE and safe work practices Decontamination Exposure incident

27 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Quiz 1. Name two ways a person in manufacturing might be exposed to blood. 2. Name three mucous membranes which blood diseases can be transferred through. 3. Describe the concept of universal precautions. 4. Name the three most common bloodborne pathogens. 5. Healthy skin is a good barrier, so name two ways you can be infected through the skin.

28 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Quiz (cont.) 6.What can be used to disinfect blood- contaminated surfaces? 7.Name two forms of PPE that should always be worn. 8.Describe when an exposure incident occurs. 9.Describe how to dispose of blood- contaminated items. 10.When done administering first aid, what should you do immediately?

29 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Quiz Answers 1. First-aid responder, clean up blood 2. Eyes, mouth, nose 3. Treat all blood and body fluids as if infected 4. HIV, HBV, HCV 5. Cut, abrasion, dermatitis, hangnail

30 /0409 Copyright © 2004 Business & Legal Reports, Inc. Quiz Answers (cont.) 6. Bleach and water solution 7. Gloves and eye protection 8. Blood contacts mucous membrane or damaged skin 9. Double bag and discard in the trash 10. Wash hands with soap and water


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