2Basic Medical TermsSign – evidence of disease, such as a fever, that can be observed by the patient and others. This is objective, because it can be measured by others.
3Symptom – such as a pain or headache, can be observed only by the patient. This is subjective, because it can be evaluated or measured only by the patient.
4Syndrome – a set of the signs and symptoms that occur together. Diagnosis – the identification of a disease.Prognosis – a prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease or disorder.
5Acute – rapid onset, severe course, relatively short duration Acute – rapid onset, severe course, relatively short duration. Examples: flu, chickenpox, appendicitis.Chronic – disease or symptom of long duration. Although these diseases may be controlled, they are rarely cured. Examples: emphysema, diabetes, liver failure.
6Remission – the partial or complete disappearance of the symptoms without having achieved a cure. Usually temporary.Eponym – a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered it. Example: Alzheimer’s disease is named for Alois Alzheimer, a German neurologist.
7Acronym – a word formed from the initial letter or letters of the major parts of the term. For example: laser stands for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation.
8Look-Alike, Sound-Alike Terms and Word Parts Arteri/o, Ather/o, Arthr/oArteri/o = arteryAther/o = plaque or fatty substanceArthr/o = joint
9Ileum – part of the small intestine Ilium – part of the hip boneInfection – invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease-causing) organism.Inflammation – a localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues. Signs: redness, heat, swelling, pain.
10Laceration – a torn, ragged wound. Lesion – pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury.Mucous – an adjective that describes the specialized mucous membranes that line the body cavities.Mucus – is a noun and is the name of the fluid secreted by the mucous membranes.
11Myc/o = fungusMyel/o = spinal cord OR bone marrowPalpation = examination technique using handsPalpitation = a pounding or racing heartProstate = male glandProstrate = to collapse and lie flat
12Pyel/o = renal pelvis (part of the kidney) Py/o = pusPyr/o = fever or fireSupination = rotating the arm so that palm is up, or can mean lying down face upSuppuration = formation or discharge of pus
13Suturing = the act of closing a wound or incision by stitching. Ligation = the act of binding or tying off blood vessels or ducts.
14Triage = medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need. Trauma = a wound or injury that could occur in an accident, shooting, natural disaster, etc.
15Viral = pertaining to a virus. Virile = possessing masculine traits.