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Chapter 1 Vocabulary Medical Terminology. Basic Medical Terms Sign – evidence of disease, such as a fever, that can be observed by the patient and others.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 Vocabulary Medical Terminology. Basic Medical Terms Sign – evidence of disease, such as a fever, that can be observed by the patient and others."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 1 Vocabulary Medical Terminology

2 Basic Medical Terms Sign – evidence of disease, such as a fever, that can be observed by the patient and others. This is objective, because it can be measured by others. Sign – evidence of disease, such as a fever, that can be observed by the patient and others. This is objective, because it can be measured by others.

3 Symptom – such as a pain or headache, can be observed only by the patient. This is subjective, because it can be evaluated or measured only by the patient. Symptom – such as a pain or headache, can be observed only by the patient. This is subjective, because it can be evaluated or measured only by the patient.

4 Syndrome – a set of the signs and symptoms that occur together. Syndrome – a set of the signs and symptoms that occur together. Diagnosis – the identification of a disease. Diagnosis – the identification of a disease. Prognosis – a prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease or disorder. Prognosis – a prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease or disorder.

5 Acute – rapid onset, severe course, relatively short duration. Examples: flu, chickenpox, appendicitis. Acute – rapid onset, severe course, relatively short duration. Examples: flu, chickenpox, appendicitis. Chronic – disease or symptom of long duration. Although these diseases may be controlled, they are rarely cured. Examples: emphysema, diabetes, liver failure. Chronic – disease or symptom of long duration. Although these diseases may be controlled, they are rarely cured. Examples: emphysema, diabetes, liver failure.

6 Remission – the partial or complete disappearance of the symptoms without having achieved a cure. Usually temporary. Remission – the partial or complete disappearance of the symptoms without having achieved a cure. Usually temporary. Eponym – a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered it. Example: Alzheimer’s disease is named for Alois Alzheimer, a German neurologist. Eponym – a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered it. Example: Alzheimer’s disease is named for Alois Alzheimer, a German neurologist.

7 Acronym – a word formed from the initial letter or letters of the major parts of the term. For example: laser stands for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. Acronym – a word formed from the initial letter or letters of the major parts of the term. For example: laser stands for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation.

8 Look-Alike, Sound-Alike Terms and Word Parts Arteri/o, Ather/o, Arthr/o Arteri/o, Ather/o, Arthr/o Arteri/o = artery Arteri/o = artery Ather/o = plaque or fatty substance Ather/o = plaque or fatty substance Arthr/o = joint Arthr/o = joint

9 Ileum – part of the small intestine Ileum – part of the small intestine Ilium – part of the hip bone Ilium – part of the hip bone Infection – invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease-causing) organism. Infection – invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease-causing) organism. Inflammation – a localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues. Signs: redness, heat, swelling, pain. Inflammation – a localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues. Signs: redness, heat, swelling, pain.

10 Laceration – a torn, ragged wound. Laceration – a torn, ragged wound. Lesion – pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury. Lesion – pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury. Mucous – an adjective that describes the specialized mucous membranes that line the body cavities. Mucous – an adjective that describes the specialized mucous membranes that line the body cavities. Mucus – is a noun and is the name of the fluid secreted by the mucous membranes. Mucus – is a noun and is the name of the fluid secreted by the mucous membranes.

11 Myc/o = fungus Myc/o = fungus Myel/o = spinal cord OR bone marrow Myel/o = spinal cord OR bone marrow Palpation = examination technique using hands Palpation = examination technique using hands Palpitation = a pounding or racing heart Palpitation = a pounding or racing heart Prostate = male gland Prostate = male gland Prostrate = to collapse and lie flat Prostrate = to collapse and lie flat

12 Pyel/o = renal pelvis (part of the kidney) Pyel/o = renal pelvis (part of the kidney) Py/o = pus Py/o = pus Pyr/o = fever or fire Pyr/o = fever or fire Supination = rotating the arm so that palm is up, or can mean lying down face up Supination = rotating the arm so that palm is up, or can mean lying down face up Suppuration = formation or discharge of pus Suppuration = formation or discharge of pus

13 Suturing = the act of closing a wound or incision by stitching. Suturing = the act of closing a wound or incision by stitching. Ligation = the act of binding or tying off blood vessels or ducts. Ligation = the act of binding or tying off blood vessels or ducts.

14 Triage = medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need. Triage = medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need. Trauma = a wound or injury that could occur in an accident, shooting, natural disaster, etc. Trauma = a wound or injury that could occur in an accident, shooting, natural disaster, etc.

15 Viral = pertaining to a virus. Viral = pertaining to a virus. Virile = possessing masculine traits. Virile = possessing masculine traits.


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