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Prepared by NSW Infection Control Resource Centre, NSW Health [Insert name of presenter] [Insert title] February 2007 Infection Control Standard Precautions.

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Presentation on theme: "Prepared by NSW Infection Control Resource Centre, NSW Health [Insert name of presenter] [Insert title] February 2007 Infection Control Standard Precautions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prepared by NSW Infection Control Resource Centre, NSW Health [Insert name of presenter] [Insert title] February 2007 Infection Control Standard Precautions

2 1 Introduction  This PowerPoint presentation is designed to provide the viewer with current information to assist them apply Infection Control Precautions. The information covered in this presentation includes  A definition and overview of Infection Control Precautions & the two-tiered approach  Definition of Standard Precautions  Standard Precautions –Application - example of poster –Application – When to apply? –Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)  Additional resources for information  Points to remember This presentation is part of a series and should be used in conjunction with the other components of the module and series.

3 2 Infection Control Process- The two-tiered approach  NSW Health endorse a two-tiered approach to infection control  The first tier includes those precautions designed for the care of all patients, regardless of their diagnosis or presumed infection status  These precautions are known as Standard Precautions and constitute the minimum acceptable level of practice in infection control.  The second tier includes precautions that are applicable only for the care of specified patients and are known as Additional (Transmission Based) Precautions.

4 3 Standard Precautions- Tier one (1) These are the minimum standard of precautions to be applied to all people accessing health care services regardless of their diagnosis or presumed infectious status, there-by reducing the risk of transmission of organisms from both recognised and unrecognised sources. §These precautions apply to §blood and all body substances (except sweat) §acutely or chronically non-intact skin and §mucous membranes including eyes

5 4 You must use Standard Precautions when: Handling blood or body substances There is risk of splash to mucous membranes

6 5 You must use Standard Precautions when: Providing care which induces coughing Performing invasive procedures such as cannulation and catheterisations

7 6 You must use Standard Precautions when: There is risk of hands being contaminated with blood or body substances Before and after patient contact, perform hand hygiene

8 7 The use of Standard Precautions includes: Hand hygiene practices including washing of hands before and after each patient contact Cover any cuts before commencing work

9 8 The use of Standard Precautions includes: Using PPE for risk of splash to clothes with blood and body substances Safe handling and disposal of sharps

10 9 The use of Standard Precautions also includes:  The use of aseptic technique  Getting vaccinated and check your immunity to vaccine preventable diseases  Reporting all occupational exposures  Keeping a clean environment

11 10 Standard Precautions - Tier 1 Example of the poster- Standard Precautions

12 11 Prepared by [Insertname of presenter] [Insert title] [Insert Branch name] February 2005 Recommendations for use of personal protective equipment (PPE)

13 12 Standard Precautions-PPE  Assumes all blood and body fluids as Potentially infectious  Involves the use of protective barriers and safe work practices  PPE choice designed to minimise contact with potentially Infectious blood and body fluids

14 13 PPE for Standard Precautions (1)  GLOVES - must be worn on both hands and must be used in situations where the health care worker is potentially exposed to blood and/or body substances  GOWNS - A fluid-resistant gown/apron, made of impervious material must be worn during any procedure where there is a likelihood of splashes or contamination with blood or other body substances

15 14 PPE for Standard Precautions (2)  MASK AND PROTECTIVE EYEWEAR OR A FACE SHIELD: must be worn while performing any procedure where there is a likelihood of splashing or splattering of blood or body substances.

16 15 What type of PPE would you wear? 1.Showering or bathing a patient? 2.Suctioning oral or tracheal secretions? 3.Transporting a patient in a wheelchair? 4.Responding to a dislodged chest drain where visible blood is spurting out? 5.During venepuncture? 6.Cleaning a patient incontinent of diarrhoea? 7.Irrigating a wound? 8.Taking vital signs? ?

17 16 Where do I go for more information?  Check local Infection Control Policy Manual  Check with facility or Area Infection Control Nurse  NSW Health Website


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