Presentation on theme: "Introduction This PowerPoint presentation is designed to provide the viewer with current information to assist them apply Infection Control Precautions."— Presentation transcript:
0 Infection Control Standard Precautions Prepared by NSW Infection Control Resource Centre, NSW Health[Insert name of presenter] [Insert title]February 2007
1 IntroductionThis PowerPoint presentation is designed to provide the viewer with current information to assist them apply Infection Control Precautions. The information covered in this presentation includesA definition and overview of Infection Control Precautions & the two-tiered approachDefinition of Standard PrecautionsStandard PrecautionsApplication - example of posterApplication – When to apply?Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)Additional resources for informationPoints to rememberThis presentation is part of a series and should be used in conjunction with the other components of the module and series.
2 Infection Control Process- The two-tiered approach NSW Health endorse a two-tiered approach to infection controlThe first tier includes those precautions designed for the care of all patients, regardless of their diagnosis or presumed infection statusThese precautions are known as Standard Precautions and constitute the minimum acceptable level of practice in infection control.The second tier includes precautions that are applicable only for the care of specified patients and are known as Additional (Transmission Based) Precautions.
3 Standard Precautions- Tier one (1) These are the minimum standard of precautions to be applied to all people accessing health care services regardless of their diagnosis or presumed infectious status, there-by reducing the risk of transmission of organisms from both recognised and unrecognised sources.These precautions apply toblood and all body substances (except sweat)acutely or chronically non-intact skin andmucous membranes including eyesSweat is excluded because it has not been implicated in disease transmission – not because it does not carry micro-organisms.Acutely non intact skin includes – cuts, lacerations abrasions and burns (skin that will usually heal to be intact in a short time)Chronically non-intact skin includes – acne, exfoliating skin conditions, dermatitis, psoriasis (conditions that may be long lasting and not easily treated or able to be covered)When considering protection of mucous membranes – always remember the eyes
4 You must use Standard Precautions when: Handling blood or body substancesThere is risk of splash to mucous membranes
5 You must use Standard Precautions when: Providing care which induces coughingPerforming invasive procedures such as cannulation and catheterisations
6 You must use Standard Precautions when: There is risk of hands being contaminated with blood or body substancesBefore and after patient contact, perform hand hygiene
7 The use of Standard Precautions includes: Hand hygiene practices including washing of hands before and after each patient contactCover any cuts before commencing work
8 The use of Standard Precautions includes: Using PPE for risk of splash to clothes with blood and body substancesSafe handling and disposal of sharps
9 The use of Standard Precautions also includes: The use of aseptic techniqueGetting vaccinated and check your immunity to vaccine preventable diseasesReporting all occupational exposuresKeeping a clean environment
10 Standard Precautions - Tier 1 Example of the poster- Standard PrecautionsFor consistency in terminology – Perform hand hygiene immediately by either a 15 second hand wash or using a water-free alcohol based skin cleanser
11 Recommendations for use of personal protective equipment (PPE) Prepared by [Insertname of presenter] [Insert title] [Insert Branch name]February 2005
12 Standard Precautions-PPE Assumes all blood and body fluids asPotentially infectiousInvolves the use of protective barriersand safe work practicesPPE choice designed tominimise contact with potentiallyInfectious blood and body fluidsRemember not to remove mask until outside patient’s room as this may expose the staff member to accidental contamination to infectious respiratory secretions/particles
13 PPE for Standard Precautions (1) GLOVES - must be worn on both hands and must be used in situations where the health care worker is potentially exposed to blood and/or body substancesGOWNS - A fluid-resistant gown/apron, made of impervious material must be worn during any procedure where there is a likelihood of splashes or contamination with blood or other body substancesRemember not to remove mask until outside patient’s room as this may expose the staff member to accidental contamination to infectious respiratory secretions/particles
14 PPE for Standard Precautions (2) MASK AND PROTECTIVE EYEWEAR OR A FACE SHIELD: must be worn while performing any procedure where there is a likelihood of splashing or splattering of blood or body substances.Remember not to remove mask until outside patient’s room as this may expose the staff member to accidental contamination to infectious respiratory secretions/particles
15 What type of PPE would you wear? Showering or bathing a patient?Suctioning oral or tracheal secretions?Transporting a patient in a wheelchair?Responding to a dislodged chest drain where visible blood is spurting out?During venepuncture?Cleaning a patient incontinent of diarrhoea?Irrigating a wound?Taking vital signs?Discussion point !Generally noneGloves and mask/face shield- depends on open or closed suctionGloves, fluid resistant gown, mask/eyewear or face shieldGlovesGloves and generally a gown or apronGloves gown/apron, mask/eyewear or face shield?
16 Where do I go for more information? Check local Infection Control Policy ManualCheck with facility or Area Infection Control NurseNSW Health Website