Presentation on theme: "INSECT REPELLENTS Daniel J. Trozak M.D. WHAT REALLY WORKS! DEET (Ultrathon® or Sawyer Controlled Release®) on exposed sites and permethrin (Permanone®)"— Presentation transcript:
INSECT REPELLENTS Daniel J. Trozak M.D
WHAT REALLY WORKS! DEET (Ultrathon® or Sawyer Controlled Release®) on exposed sites and permethrin (Permanone®) on clothing. 99.9% for 8-12 hrs Ultrathon® hrs for Sawyer’s C R® Picaridin products (Cutter Advanced®) on exposed skin and permethrin (Permanone®) on clothing 99.9% 1.5 hrs. Lemon-eucalyptus oil product (Off Botanical®) on exposed skin and permethrin (Permanone®) on clothing 99.9% 1.5 hrs. Soy bean product (Bite Blocker®) on exposed skin and permethrin (Permanone®) on clothing 99.9% 1.5 hrs.
EPA Guidelines for the Safe Use of Insect Repellents Verify that the product has an EPA approved label Read the label before each usage Use only as directed and against the insects listed Keep it out of children’s reach *Most repellents or their vehicles have significant toxicity, if ingested! Apply only to body sites listed *many have significant mucous membrane irritancy and would be more readily absorbed when applied to or around mucous membrane sites!
Avoid application to cuts, open wounds, areas of dermatitis Do not apply around eyes, mouth or hands of children Use adequate amounts but avoid frequent re- application Wash off with soap and water after exposure If you suspect toxicity, wash off with soap and water and contact poison control. Have the product label available. For information 24/7 call the National Pesticide 1 (800)
What Doesn’t Work! NEJM V. 347 pp , 2002
References Insect Repellents: An Overview. J Amer Acad Derm 36: pp , 1997 Insect Repellents. The Medical Letter 31: iss. 792 pp 45-47, 1989 The Regulatory Controversies That Surround DEET. Cosmetic Dermatology 9, #3 pp 56-58, Insect Repellents. The Medical Letter 45: Iss pp 41-42, Vector Borne Diseases Reaffirm Need for Insect Repellent. Skin and Allergy News: p 33, September Comparative Efficacy of Insect Repellents against Mosquito Bites. NEJM 347: pp 13-18, Insect Repellents-Past, Present And Future! Pesticide Outlook: pp , August Catnip Repels Mosquitoes More Effectively Than DEET. August 28, 2001, Medical Pearl: Permethrin can prevent arthropod bites and stings. J Amer Acad Derm 51: p 289, Picaridin; A New Insect Repellent. J Drugs Derm 3: 59-60, CDC Insect Repellent Update April 28, Picaridin-A New Insect Repellent. The Medical Letter 47: Iss. 1210, 2005.