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Healthcare Personnel Preparedness for Ebola in New York.

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Presentation on theme: "Healthcare Personnel Preparedness for Ebola in New York."— Presentation transcript:

1 Healthcare Personnel Preparedness for Ebola in New York

2 1 We Should All Be Ready There’s no way to know or predict where a patient with Ebola might go Every NY hospital must be ready to evaluate and isolate a patient who might have Ebola

3 2 Containing the Outbreak Controlling Ebola in Africa is critical to protecting the rest of the world Without interventions CDC estimates that by January 20, 2015, there could be 550,000 to 1.4 million Ebola cases in West Africa

4 3 Current Activities Prevent health care worker illness: DOH Commissioner’s Order requires all Article 28 clinics and hospitals have written protocols, provide equipment and training, and conduct drills DOH has designated Ebola treatment center hospitals for the long term care of Ebola patients

5 4 Current Designated Treatment Centers Mt. Sinai in Manhattan New York Presbyterian in Manhattan Bellevue in Manhattan Montefiore in the Bronx North Shore/LIJ Health System in Nassau County Upstate University Hospital in Syracuse University of Rochester Medical Center in Rochester Stony Brook University Hospital on Long Island

6 5 What is Ebola? A contagious virus typically found in rural Africa

7 6 What Are the Symptoms? Fever Severe headache Muscle pain Weakness Diarrhea Vomiting Abdominal pain (stomach) Unexplained hemorrhage (bruising or bleeding)

8 7 When Do Symptoms Occur? Symptoms appear as soon as 2 days and as late as 21 days after being exposed to Ebola

9 8 How is Ebola Diagnosed? Reliable blood test CDC and several public health labs around the country (including NYS DOH and NYC DOHMH)

10 9 How is Ebola Spread? Ebola spreads through direct contact of broken skin or mucous membranes with body fluids that contain the virus Mucous membranes include the eyes, nose and mouth

11 10 Which Bodily Fluids Can Contain Ebola Virus? Blood Breast milk Feces Saliva Semen Sweat Urine Vomit

12 11 How Else Does Ebola Spread? Needles and sharp instruments that are contaminated with the virus can also pose a risk of spread through needle sticks

13 12 How Ebola Doesn’t Spread Ebola cannot be spread by people who don’t have any symptoms of illness Ebola cannot be spread by breathing the same air as a patient with Ebola

14 13 Preventing the Spread of Ebola: What We Know More than Personal Protective Equipment Hospitals must have thorough plans that cover all key aspects: Early identification of possible cases Safe care of infected patients Cleaning of the environment A good system for safe care is essential

15 14 Screening for Ebola: What to Ask Ebola-related signs and symptoms Contact in the past 21 days with either confirmed or suspect Ebola patients Residence in—or travel to—an area where Ebola transmission is currently active including Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea

16 15 Safe Care for Ebola – What to Do

17 16 Safe Care 1 – Hand Hygiene Contaminated hands are the most common way to transfer contaminated material to mucus membranes (eyes, mouth, nose) Frequent cleaning with alcohol rub before, during and after care is critical

18 17 Safe Care 2 – Personal Protective Equipment New guidance reflects lessons learned: Several groups have experience we can learn from Specific recommendations for exactly what to wear and how can reduce the risk of exposure Fewer options are preferable Protective equipment should cover all skin surfaces Extra layers or tape might make patient care and removal more difficult and increase the risk of contamination

19 18 Safe Care 2– Personal Protective Equipment with Masks or Respirators CDC guidance gives options for respiratory protection –N95 –PAPR Route of spread has not changed Respirators provide protection in the event that an aerosol generating procedure has to be done unexpectedly

20 19 Safe Care 3 – Designated Areas Clean and potentially contaminated areas must be clearly separated for putting on and taking off protective equipment

21 20 Safe Care 4 – Trained Observer A trained observer should watch and help healthcare staff put on and take off protective equipment to ensure that good technique is followed every time Don’t rush - this takes time

22 21 Safe Care 5 – Practice, Practice, Practice Practice putting on and taking off protective equipment before patient care

23 22 Safe Care 6 – Limit Caregivers Limit the number of healthcare personnel who come into contact with patients with Ebola

24 23 Safe Care 7 -- Disinfect Daily cleaning of high touch surfaces can help reduce the risk of transmission –Daily cleaning should be done by members of the team providing patient care (e.g. physicians and nurses) Immediately disinfect any equipment or surfaces that become visibly contaminated –Includes Personal Protective Equipment

25 24 What Works for Disinfection? Alcohol based hand rubs EPA-registered disinfectant wipes –Look for “non-enveloped viruses” on label EPA-registered hospital surface disinfectants –Look for “non-enveloped viruses” on label

26 25 Cleaning the Room: After Discharge After patient discharge, the room should be thoroughly cleaned in accordance with hospital procedures using an EPA registered hospital surface disinfectant effective against non-enveloped viruses Cleaning personnel should follow the same protective equipment recommendations and need the same training All linens, privacy curtains and non-fluid-impermeable cloth items should be discarded and not laundered

27 26 Waste Disposal Staff trained to use Personal Protective Equipment correctly must handle waste carefully and follow protocols –Used Personal Protection Equipment –Cleaning wipes –Microfiber cloths –Linens

28 27 Know the Rules for Waste Disposal Packaging and transport of Ebola waste is governed by DOT (federal) regulations, but the disposal is governed by state and local law Ebola waste that has been appropriately incinerated, autoclaved, or otherwise inactivated is NOT infectious and is NOT considered regulated medical waste or hazardous material under Federal law

29 28 Waste Hauling NEW for HOSPITALS: Wastes contaminated or suspected to be contaminated with Ebola virus must be packaged and transported in accordance with U.S. DOT Hazardous Materials Regulations Contact your waste hauler to get necessary supplies and guidance, or contact DOT’s Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration’s (PHMSA’s) Hazardous Materials Information Center at , 9am-5pm Eastern time

30 29 Monitoring Healthcare Personnel All healthcare personnel who enter the room of a patient with Ebola should be carefully monitored for 21 days after their last entry into the room Healthcare personnel need to know exactly what to do and who to call if they develop symptoms

31 30 Key Points: Healthcare Facility Safety Facility leadership provides resources and support for effective prevention precautions Designated on-site Ebola site manager oversees precautions Make sure there are clear, standardized procedures --Pick an option and have a back-up plan Practice, practice, practice with the option you pick Make sure there is oversight of practices and putting on and taking off of Personal Protective Equipment --Know what exposure looks like and stop and act if exposure occurs

32 31 DOH Ebola Website Click on:

33 Thank You! Name Office of ___________ Tel: (123) Department of Health Corning Tower – ESP Albany, NY 12237


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