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Procedures Basic Format Septoplasty. Objectives Assess the anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of the Septoplasty. Analyze the diagnostic and surgical.

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Presentation on theme: "Procedures Basic Format Septoplasty. Objectives Assess the anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of the Septoplasty. Analyze the diagnostic and surgical."— Presentation transcript:

1 Procedures Basic Format Septoplasty

2 Objectives Assess the anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of the Septoplasty. Analyze the diagnostic and surgical interventions for a patient undergoing a _______________. Plan the intraoperative course for a patient undergoing_____________. Assemble supplies, equipment, and instrumentation needed for the procedure.

3 Objectives Choose the appropriate patient position Identify the incision used for the procedure Analyze the procedural steps for_____________. Describe the care of the specimen Discuss the postoperative considerations for a patient undergoing _______________.

4 Terms and Definitions Anosmia Epistaxis Hyperosmia Naris (plural nares) Nasal (Latin for nose) Nasal Chonchae (turbinates) Nasal septum Olfactory Paranasal sinus Parosmia Rhinitis Rhino Sinus

5 Definition/Purpose of Procedure Excision and resection of the septum to correct any deviation as a result of injury or a congenital nasal deformity; to improve the functioning capabilities of the nose—to improve breathing The cartilaginous or osseous portions of the septum that lie between the flaps of the mucous membrane and the perichondrium are straightened; cartilage & bony spurs may block the meatus and compress the middle turbinate on that side, resulting in an obstruction of the sinus opening Other names: nasal septal reconstruction (NSR), submucous resection of the septum (SMR)

6 Relevant A & P: External nose—lateral and anterior views

7 Relevant A & P: Nasal Septum & Related Structures

8 Relevant A & P: Blood Supply to Nose

9 Pathophysiology

10 Diagnostics Exams –Rhinoscopy: Direct vision Preoperative Testing

11 Surgical Intervention: Special Considerations Patient Factors –Pt should know before hand that he/she will be mouthing-breathing postoperatively because of postop nasal packing 1-3 days post-op –Pt should understand that application of ice will reduce swelling and brusing around eyes and nose postopertively –If under local, keep noise to a minimum in the OR –Advise pt to remain still and to expect vibrations caused by bone remodeling (mallet and osteotome) –Be aware of drapes on face—minimize claustrophobia and facilitate respiration –This is a clean case—use best technique Room Set-up –Surgeon may prefer bed turned to 90 degrees of anesthesia for greater access to head –Separate Mayo set up for surgeon to use for preop anesthetic and cocaine nasal packing

12 Surgical Intervention: Anesthesia Method: Local, Regional, General –Local with IV sedation and analgesia is typical –General for the very apprehensive Equipment –Note that anesthesia should ensure pt eye protection using ointment & protective eyewear

13 Surgical Intervention: Positioning Position during procedure –Supine, head tilted back –HOB may be slightly elevated (reverse Trendelenburg) –Pt comfort: flex hip and knees w/OR table settings or pillow under knees/lower legs –Tuck arms to sides; use protective arm sleds and padding Supplies and equipment –Foam headrest or donut for head stabilization Special considerations: high risk areas –Ulnar nerves where arms are tucked

14 Surgical Intervention: Skin Prep Method of hair removal: N/A Anatomic perimeters: face—avoid solution from getting in or near eyes and ears; do not prep interior of nose Solution options: may use betadine paint –avoid hibiclens at mucous membranes; may not ask for prep

15 Surgical Intervention: Draping/Incision Types of drapes –Usually turban-type head wrap or 3 towels arranged triangularly Order of draping –Remove paper strips from disposable drapes with adhesive edges –Place bar drape across pt forehead & allow remainder of drape to fall toward floor covering the head of OR table –Place U-drape on upper lip. Bring edges of U lateral to the nose and eyes. Extend the rest to cover pt’s body Special considerations State/Describe incision –Intranasal incision into mucous membrane and perichondrium

16 Surgical Intervention: Supplies General –Head and Neck (ENT) pack; suction tubing, ESU pencil, raytex, 4 pk hand towels, needle magnet, syringe for cleaning suction Specific –Suture & Blades: Fine (4-0) absorbable (atraumatic); # 15 x 2 –Medications on Mayo stand: Lidocaine w/epi 1: 100, 00 usually for injection to nares (also have available on back table); Cocaine (1 sm bottle) for nasal packing –Catheters & Drains –Packing & Nasal splints: may use Iodoform or Vaseline or Xeroform gauze packing in addition to plastic nasal splint material (plastic or Silastic) post-op. May be manufacturer’s kit. –2x2’s and ¼” hypoallergenic tape

17 Surgical Intervention: Instruments General Specific (see following slides)

18 Surgical Intervention: Instruments








26 Surgical Intervention: Equipment General Specific –Operating headlight

27 Surgical Intervention: Procedure Steps An incision is made internally on one side of the nasal septum. After the mucous membrane is elevated away from the bone, obstructive parts of bone and cartilage are removed, and plastic surgery is performed as necessary. Then the mucous membrane is returned to its original position.

28 Surgical Intervention: Procedure Steps Before the surgical scrub, the surgeon will place cocaine- soaked cottonoids into the nares and inject of local anesthetic (usually lidocaine w/epinephrine) * STSR will set up medicine cup, cottonoids, speculum and bayonet forceps on Mayo for surgeon to pack the nose. The circulator will pour the 4% Cocaine and count cottonoids with the STSR and ensure 27 g.local/needle and Luer-lock syringe is available Surgeon opens nostril w/speculum, incises the mucoperichondrium w/nasal knife, then deepens the incision w/ fine, sharp dissecting scissors. * Provide surgeon w/nasal speculum of appropriate size. Have cottle clamp available to aid incision process. Use # 15 blade on a #7 handle for incision.

29 Surgical Intervention: Procedure Steps For retraction, small skin hooks are placed Surgeon elevates the mucoperichondrium from the septal cartilage using a fine (Freer) elevator, & removes any spurs from the septum or nasal bone w/nasal/septum cutting forceps (punch, ronguer, or cutting forceps) * Provide suction as needed. Most likely, the sharp end of the Freer elevator will be used. * Have chisel (or gouge) & mallet available. STSR may be asked to “tap” the chisel held by the surgeon w/ the mallet. This may not be considered within your scope of practice at your facility—find out before hand. * Have bayonet or Takahashi forceps available to extract tissue remnants. Surgeon may reinsert bone and cartilage to refashion the nasal cavity and to strengthen weakened areas (keep moist w/NS on the back table in a small basin)

30 Surgical Intervention: Procedure Steps With the mucochondrium fully elevated, the surgeon removes the septal cartilage w/ a nasal forcep. Examines septal tissue & reshapes as needed w/scissors, rasp, or special bone crusher that flattens cartilage. Surgeon replaces the septal cartilage within the nose. Hemostasis is achieved. * Have suction, hemostatic agents, &/or ESU pencil available. Surgeon closes the incision w/suture &/or hold cartilage in place with packing material (petroleum gauze & nasal splints) *Have splint material ready—surgeon may cut to fit the patient using Heavy scissors. It may be sutured in place.

31 Surgical Intervention: Procedure Steps Dressing may include external splints and “mustache dressing” Secretions are removed from pharynx to reduce risk of aspiration * provide Wieder retractor and Yankauer tip. For Turbinectomy

32 Counts Initial: Sponges and sharps (raytex and cottonoids) First closing Final closing –Sponges –Sharps

33 Dressing, Casting, Immobilizers, Etc. Types & sizes –Mustache dressing – have 2x2’s available and ¼” silk or micropore tape –External Splint of surgeon’s preference (eg. Denver splint kit) Type of tape or method of securing— least irritating to skin Have ice pack available (can make using 2 gloves tied together w/crushed ice)

34 Specimen & Care Identified as nasal cartilage Handled: routine in formalin

35 Postoperative Care Destination –PACU –Outpatient Discharge Expected prognosis (Good) –Full restoration of nasal function –Return to normal activities about 7 days

36 Postoperative Care Potential complications –Hemorrhage –Infection –Other: Damage to….perforate septum, cause weakened septum which could lead to future deformity Surgical wound classification: II

37 Resources Alexander’s pp MAVCC Unit 7 OBJ 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 STST pp Fuller pp Goldman p ;

38 Case Studies in Text Case Studies in STSR Study Guide

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