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Male Reproductive System Must know these terms: 1)Vas deferens 2)Bladder 3)Scrotum 4)Testes 5)Urethra.

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Presentation on theme: "Male Reproductive System Must know these terms: 1)Vas deferens 2)Bladder 3)Scrotum 4)Testes 5)Urethra."— Presentation transcript:

1 Male Reproductive System Must know these terms: 1)Vas deferens 2)Bladder 3)Scrotum 4)Testes 5)Urethra

2 Male Reproductive System Key Terms Sperm- sex cell that is produced by the testes & that is needed to fertilize an egg Sperm- sex cell that is produced by the testes & that is needed to fertilize an egg Semen- fluid made up of sperm & other secretions from the male reproductive organs Semen- fluid made up of sperm & other secretions from the male reproductive organs Egg (ovum)- sex cell that is produced by the ovaries & that can be fertilized by sperm Egg (ovum)- sex cell that is produced by the ovaries & that can be fertilized by sperm Fertilization- sperm & egg join to create a new human life Fertilization- sperm & egg join to create a new human life

3 Female Reproductive System Key Terms Ovary- female reproductive organ that produces eggs & the hormones estrogen & progesterone Ovary- female reproductive organ that produces eggs & the hormones estrogen & progesterone Vagina- female reproductive organ that connects the outside of the body to the uterus & receives sperm during reproduction Vagina- female reproductive organ that connects the outside of the body to the uterus & receives sperm during reproduction Fallopian tubes- transports an egg from the ovary to the uterus Fallopian tubes- transports an egg from the ovary to the uterus Uterus- female reproductive organ that provides a place to support a developing human Uterus- female reproductive organ that provides a place to support a developing human Urethra- The transport tube leading from the bladder to discharge urine outside the body. In men is also carries semen. Urethra- The transport tube leading from the bladder to discharge urine outside the body. In men is also carries semen. Menstrual cycle- monthly series of hormone-controlled changes that prepare the uterine lining for a pregnancy Menstrual cycle- monthly series of hormone-controlled changes that prepare the uterine lining for a pregnancy

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6 Menstrual Cycle (Period)

7 Risk of Adolescent Sexual Activity

8 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Key Terms Sexually transmitted disease (STD)- an infectious disease that is spread by sexual contact Sexually transmitted disease (STD)- an infectious disease that is spread by sexual contact Epidemic- occurrence of more cases of a disease than expected Epidemic- occurrence of more cases of a disease than expected Asymptomatic- showing no signs of a disease or disorder even though an infection or disease is present Asymptomatic- showing no signs of a disease or disorder even though an infection or disease is present

9 2 Risks of Sexual Activity Unplanned pregnancy Unplanned pregnancy Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) Common Questions About Being Pregnant Common Questions About Being Pregnant Common Questions About Being Pregnant Common Questions About Being Pregnant Myths & Truths About The Ways Pregnancy Can Occur Myths & Truths About The Ways Pregnancy Can Occur Myths & Truths About The Ways Pregnancy Can Occur Myths & Truths About The Ways Pregnancy Can Occur

10 Statistics on Sexually Transmitted Diseases

11 Abstinence

12 Serious problems STDs can cause Serious illness Serious illness Brain damage Brain damage Cancer Cancer Infertility- inability to have children Infertility- inability to have children Death Death

13 4 High Risk Behaviors Puts Teens at Risk for STDs Being Sexually Active Being Sexually Active Having more than one sexual partner Having more than one sexual partner Having a sexual partner who has had multiple sexual partners Having a sexual partner who has had multiple sexual partners Using alcohol or drugs Using alcohol or drugs

14 Abstinence- the only 100% way to prevent unplanned pregnancy & STDs Abstinence- the only 100% way to prevent unplanned pregnancy & STDs

15 Preventing STDs 1) Practice Abstinence 2) Stay away from alcohol & drugs 3) Learn the facts about STDs, & use those facts to make good decisions 4) Choose friends who influence you in a positive way 5) Respect yourself

16 4 Ways STDs are Spread Any type of sexual activity that brings an uninfected person in contact with body fluids from an infected person Any type of sexual activity that brings an uninfected person in contact with body fluids from an infected person Any sexual activity that results in contact between one person’s genitals & another person’s skin or mucous membranes, in which one of the persons is already infected with an STD Any sexual activity that results in contact between one person’s genitals & another person’s skin or mucous membranes, in which one of the persons is already infected with an STD Direct contact with open sores Direct contact with open sores Mother to her baby before birth, during birth, or during breast feeding Mother to her baby before birth, during birth, or during breast feeding

17 Babies & STDs Miscarriage Miscarriage Blindness – bacteria infects baby’s eyes as the baby passes through the birth canal Blindness – bacteria infects baby’s eyes as the baby passes through the birth canal –Antibiotic eye drops

18 Common STDs Key Terms Chlamydia- bacterial STD that infects the reproductive organs & that causes a mucous discharge Chlamydia- bacterial STD that infects the reproductive organs & that causes a mucous discharge Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)- inflammation of the upper female reproductive tract that is caused by the migration of a bacterial infection from the vagina Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)- inflammation of the upper female reproductive tract that is caused by the migration of a bacterial infection from the vagina Gonorrhea- STD that is caused by a bacterium that infects mucous membranes, including the genital mucous membranes Gonorrhea- STD that is caused by a bacterium that infects mucous membranes, including the genital mucous membranes Syphilis- bacterial STD that causes ulcers or chancres; if untreated, it can lead to mental & physical disabilities & premature death Syphilis- bacterial STD that causes ulcers or chancres; if untreated, it can lead to mental & physical disabilities & premature death Human Papiloma Virus (HPV)- group of viruses that can cause genital warts in males & females & can cause cervical cancer in females Human Papiloma Virus (HPV)- group of viruses that can cause genital warts in males & females & can cause cervical cancer in females

19 Bacterial STDs Treatment- Antibiotics Chlamydia Chlamydia Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Gonorrhea Gonorrhea Syphilis Syphilis

20 Chlamydia - bacterial STD that infects the reproductive organs & that causes a mucous discharge Symptoms Symptoms -Pain during urination -Penis discharge & vaginal discharge & bleeding If untreated If untreated-Infertility -Pelvic pain -Pelvic Inflammatory Disease -Injure reproductive organs -blindness in infants

21 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)- inflammation of the upper female reproductive tract that is caused by the migration of a bacterial infection from the vagina Symptoms Symptoms –Pain in abdoben/pelvic –Vaginal discharge –Long & painful menstual cycles –Painful urination –Fever –Nausea If untreated If untreated –Scars in fallopian tubes or uterus- infertility –Chronic pelvic pain

22 Gonorrhea - STD that is caused by a bacterium that infects mucous membranes, including the genital mucous membranes Symptoms Symptoms –Painful urination –Discharge from penis & discharge or bleeding from vagina –Pain in pelvic area If untreated If untreated –PID –Scars urethra/painful urination –Swelling testicles/infertility –Blindness –Joint infection

23 Syphilis- bacterial STD that causes ulcers or chancres; if untreated, it can lead to mental & physical disabilities & premature death Symptoms Symptoms –Phase 1-painless ulcer or chancre –Phase 2-fever, rash, swollen lymph nodes, joint pain, muscle aches –Phase 3-heart & nervous system damage, blindness, loss of mental abilities, death If Untreated If Untreated –Mental & physical disabilities –Premature death –Severe mental disabilities –Deafness –Death

24 Viral STDs No Cures Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Genital Herpes Genital Herpes Hepatitis Hepatitis Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV) Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV)

25 Human Papiloma Virus (HPV)- group of viruses that can cause genital warts in males & females & can cause cervical cancer in females Symptoms Symptoms –Genital/anal warts Treatment Treatment –Surgical removal, freezing or medication for warts but will often return If untreated If untreated –High risk of cervical cancer –Increased risk of developing genital cancers

26 Genital Herpes Symptoms Symptoms -Type 1-cold sores & blisters -Type 2-mild or no symptoms If untreated If untreated –Infections of liver, brain, skin, eyes, & mouth –Death

27 Hepatitis Hepatitis B & C are STD’s Hepatitis B & C are STD’s Symptoms- tired, muscle aches, fever, loss of appetite, dark urine Symptoms- tired, muscle aches, fever, loss of appetite, dark urine Treatment- liver transplant, vaccine for B Treatment- liver transplant, vaccine for B If untreated- liver damage, failure, cancer, premature death If untreated- liver damage, failure, cancer, premature death

28 STDs Caused by Parasites Pubic Lice-crawl on the skin & lay eggs on the hairs-spread by skin to skin contact Pubic Lice-crawl on the skin & lay eggs on the hairs-spread by skin to skin contact Scabies-tiny mites that burrow into the skin of an infected person, skin to skin contact Scabies-tiny mites that burrow into the skin of an infected person, skin to skin contact Trichomoniasis-protozoan, single celled animal that is little larger that a bacterium Trichomoniasis-protozoan, single celled animal that is little larger that a bacterium

29 5 things person should do if they think they have an STD 1) Seek medical help right away 2) Complete the full course of medication 3) Have follow-up testing done 4) Avoid all sexual activity while being treated 5) Notify all sexual partners


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