6 Steadily growing female labour market participation...
7... after birthrate dropped (and remained constant).
8 Less young mothers retreating from the labour market...
9... and the single earner making place for the one-and-a-half earner.
10 Women increased their working time between 1975 and 2005; but what about the men?
11 Although the number of part-time working men has slightly increased…
12 … their working time per week hasn’t diminished.
13 Preferences arrangements on work life balance (INTOMART 2010)
14 Legislation for greater flexibility of working hours Labour legislation review of Health and safety act on obstacles for working from home Working time adjustment act changing contractual hours according to need of employee (within possibilities of employer) Work and care act flexible use of parental leave (within possibilities of employer)
15 Employers Corporate Governance: ‘Modern employership’ To encourage ‘family-friendly’ HRM policies: - flexible working hours - working from home More chances for women to work More chances for men to care
16 How to encourage employers? Legislation can be supportive, but can be dependent on national industrial relations. To encourage by showing the business case... - to keep present employees - to be attractive for new employees - more chances to recruit women and men - contented employees perform better - working from home gives higher labourproductivity per hour - allows for flexible use of workforce