Presentation on theme: "COMMUNICATION CLIMATE"— Presentation transcript:
1 COMMUNICATION CLIMATE Relationships = Weatherfair & warmstormy & coldpollutedclear & healthyKey to Positive Relationships
2 What are the features of satisfying personal relationships? InvestmentCommitmentTrustSelf-disclosureComfort with Relational DialecticsAutonomy/ConnectionNovelty/PredictionOpenness/Closedness
3 Negotiating Dialectical Tensions Four Ways:Neutralization-negotiate a balance b/t needsSelection-give priority to one over the otherSeparation-assign each to other spheres of interactionReframing-redefine contradictory needs not in opposition
4 What makes communication climates positive or negative? The degree to which people feel valued by one anotherConfirming Communication=messages conveying valueDisconfirming Communication=messages conveying lack of regard
5 Levels of Message Confirm & Disconfirm Disagree Confirm Impervious DisagreeConfirmImperviousAggressiveInterruptComplainIrrelevantArgumentativeTangentialRecognizeImpersonalAcknow-ledgeAmbiguousEndorseIncongruousLeast ValueMost Value
6 Disconfirming Messages-7 types Impervious: no acknowledgement of other’s messageInterrupting: speak before other finishesIrrelevant: comment unrelated to what other just saidTangential: “take-away”-shift to different topicImpersonal: clichéAmbiguous: more than one meaningIncongruous: contradicting messages
7 Disagreeing Messages- “You’re wrong” Aggressive: most destructive, attacks other’s self-concept-name calling, put-downs, sarcasm, taunting, yelling, badgeringComplaining: desire to note dissatisfaction/not argueArgumentativeness: defending while attacking
8 Confirming MessagesRecognition: most fundamental-return hellos, return an or phone messageAcknowledgment: interested in ideas & feelings of others-stronger form of confirm-Listening most common-asking questions, paraphrasing, reflectingEndorsement: agreeing with other/find other’s ideas important, communicating the highest form of valuing-also, praising & complimenting
10 Gibb’s Categories-Useful Tools Evaluation vs DescriptionJudgments, “you” language vs description of behavior using “I” language-You don’t know what you’re talking about!vs-I don’t understand how you came up with that idea.-Those jokes are disgusting!-When you tell those off-color jokes, I get really embarrassed.
11 More Gibb Control vs Problem-Orientation Imposing a solution with little regard of other vsFinding a solution that satisfies bothThere’s only one way to handle this problem…vsLooks like we have a problem. Let’s work out a solution we can both live with.
12 More Gibb Strategy vs Spontaneity Hiding ulterior motives vs being honest w/o manipulationTom and Judy go out to dinner every week.vsI’d like to go out to dinner more often.
13 More Gibb Neutrality vs Empathy Indifference vs accepting/putting self in other’s placeThat’s what happens when you don’t plan properly.vsOuch—looks like this didn’t turn out the way you expected.
14 More Gibb Superiority vs Equality I am better than you messages vs others have worthYou don’t know what you’re talking about.vsI see it a different way.
15 More Gibb Certainty vs Provisionalism Dogmatism, I’m right vs changeable/reasonableThat will never work.vsI think you’ll run into problems with that approach.
16 Saving Face ASSERTIVE MESSAGE FORMAT Behavioral description-should be objective-just the facts“Chris has acted differently over the last week. I cannot remember her laughing once since the dinner party. She hasn’t dropped by my place like she usually does, hasn’t suggested we play tennis and has not returned by phone calls.”Interpretation-meaning you have attached to behavior“Something must be bothering Chris. It’s probably her family. She’ll probably just feel worse if I keep pestering her.”“Chris is probably mad at me. It’s probably because I kidded her about losing so often at tennis. I’d better leave her alone until she cools off.”
17 More Assertive Message Format Feeling statement-this adds a new dimension to message“When you laugh at me, I think you find my comments foolish, and I feel embarrassed.”Remember not to use counterfeit phrasing-I feel you’re wrong or I feel like leaving…Intention statement-where you stand, requests and future action“When I didn’t hear from you last night, I thought you were mad at me. I’ve been thinking about it ever since, and I’m still worried. I’d like to know whether your are angry.”
18 Responding Non-Defensively to Criticism Seek more informationAsk for specificsGuess about specificsParaphraseAsk what the critic wantsAgree with the criticAgree with the factsAgree with the critic’s perception
19 Four Guidelines for creating healthy climates Actively build confirming climatesAccept & confirm othersAffirm & assert yourselfRespect diversity in relationships
20 Using Descriptive Language This paper is poorly donevsThis paper does not include relevant background information.How might the following be directed at you?You’re lazy.I hate the way you dominate conversations with me.Stop obsessing about the problem.You’re too involved.
21 Communicating Assertively I guess your preference for going to the party is more important than my studying.I don’t need your permission to go out. I’ll do what I please.I suppose I could work extra next week if you really need a loan.I don’t like it when you spend time with Tim. Either stop seeing him, or we’re through.
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