Presentation on theme: "Drone Armament Nathan Krussel. Types of Weapons Conventional ◦Standard load out of military UCAV’s ◦Firearms, Conventional explosives, Non-lethal Biological/Chemical."— Presentation transcript:
Types of Weapons Conventional ◦Standard load out of military UCAV’s ◦Firearms, Conventional explosives, Non-lethal Biological/Chemical ◦No confirmed uses ◦Threats have been made to use them Hezbollah in Syria London Olympics Nuclear ◦No confirmed uses ◦No known threat to use nuclear armament on a UCAV ◦The “heavier” UAV’s are capable of carrying a nuclear payload
First Combat Drones Prior to the 1980’s no UAV’s had been designed as UCAV (unmanned combat aerial vehicle) The DSI R4E-30 was the first UCAV and was designed specifically to carry 2.75 inch viper rockets The Lockheed Missiles and Space Company produced the Aquila ◦Designed as a laser designator in 1978
Combat Drones up to now There wasn’t really any major advancement in multi-use strike drones The UCAV advancement before the predator resembled rockets, as they were onetime use payloads themselves ◦RAE Larynx was a British guided anti-ship weapon. One time use The major breakthrough catalyst in multi use UCAV research was the MQ-1 predator Most advancement and production in UCAV’s has been since the mid 1990’s
Countries with UCAV These are the countries with known operational armed drones Azerbaijan Botswana Brazil Columbia China Croatia Cyprus France German India Iran Ireland Israel Italy Mexico North Korea Pakistan Singapore Russia Taiwan Tunisia Turkey United Kingdom United States
MQ-1 Predator (1994) Initial Created for reconnaissance, quickly was fitted with weapons. First drone in history to engage with a conventional aircraft ◦2002 with a Iraqi MIG-25, predator was destroyed Max Takeoff weight: 1020kg (2250 lbs) ◦Empty: 512 kg, loaded: 1020kg Performance ◦Range 1100 km (675 mi) ◦Endurance 24 hours Armament ◦2 hard points 2 Hellfire Missiles 4 Stinger Missiles 6 Griffin air to surface missiles
IAI RQ-5 Hunter (1995) Designed and still primarily used as a reconnaissance UAV Is capable of carrying payloads, but hasn’t be tested with a weapon payload, but has been used with different types of communication gear, and a laser designator Performance ◦Range 260km (162 mi) ◦Endurance: 11.6 hours ◦Payload: 90 kg (198 lbs) Armament ◦Laser designator ◦Communications relay (extends VHF/UHF range) ◦Communications Jammer
Elbit Hermes 450 (1998) Designed as a medium sized multi- payload vehicle with a primary mission of reconnaissance and communications relay Israel has armed with two hellfire missiles. Performance ◦Range: 300 km ◦Endurance: 17 hours ◦Payload: 180 kg Armament ◦No defined hard points ◦Has been modified to accept 2 missiles.
IAI HARPY (Early 2000’s) A UAV designed to detect, identify, and destroy radar emitters. Constantly searches for radar emitters, then identifies, if hostile attacks the target Finds target, then flies into the hostile radar emitter and destructs on impact Performance ◦Range: 500 km ◦Endurance: several hours ◦Payload: self Armament ◦Self ◦32kg (70 lb) high explosive warhead
MQ-9 Reaper (2001) Successor to the MQ-1 predator, also known as predator B Designed from the ground up to be an attack strike drone, is bigger and has more power than the original MQ-1 First test flight in 2001, air force finally owned 9 reapers by 2007 Performance ◦Range: 1850 km (1150 mi) ◦Endurance: 14 hours ◦Payload: 1700kg (3800 lbs) Armament ◦7 hard points 14 hellfire missiles 4 hellfire missiles and two 500lb Paveway II laser guided bombs 4 hellfire missiles and two 500lb JDAM bombs Currently testing support for stinger missiles
MQ-8B Fire Scout (2002) A fully autonomous helicopter that operates with zero human interaction required A surveillance (RQ-8A), weapon laden (MQ- 8B), and cargo carrier (MQ-8C) One of the few VTOL UCAV’s Performance: ◦Combat Radius: 203.7km with 5+ hours on station ◦Endurance: 8 hours typical, 5 hours fully loaded ◦Payload: 272kg (600 lbs) Armament: ◦Hellfire Missiles ◦Viper Strike Laser-guided glide weapons ◦Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS)
BAE HERTI-Fury (2006) Based of the HERTI-1D platform Is a very light system, with no weapons attached is 350kg Not much has been released by the British military about it. Performance ◦Range: 28 km ◦Endurance: 20 hours ◦Payload: 150 kg (330 lb) Armament: ◦Twin Thales Lightweight Multi-role Missiles (LMM)
Predator-C Avenger (2009) First test flight was April 4 th 2009 Powered by a turbofan engine (MQ-1 and MQ-9 are not) Added stealth design to help reduce detection. Has a tail 1 and tail 2 variant Performance (tail 2): ◦Range: Unknown ◦Endurance: 18 hours ◦Payload: 2900 kg (6500 lb) Armament: ◦Internal and external weapon mounting Hellfire missiles GBU-SDB (small diameter bomb) 250 lb GBU-12 Paveway II or GBU-38 JDAM 500 lb GBU-16 Paveway II or GBU-32 JDAM 1000 lb GBU-31 JDAM 2000 lb
Elbit Hermes 900 (2009) Israeli Medium sized multi-payload UAV Primarily designed for reconnaissance and communications relay. No confirmed reports of arming the Hermes 900 Performance ◦Range: “unlimited” ◦Endurance: 36 hours ◦Payload: 350 kg Armament: ◦No confirmed arming ◦States multiple hard points, and 250 kg modular installation bay
Alternative Payloads The UAV’s are currently equipped with conventional munitions Both the Predator C and the Reaper are capable of carrying a nuclear weapon. The B83 Nuclear bomb weighs approximately 1100 kg (2400 lb) and can yield 1.2 megatons of TNT. Biochemical weapons are much lighter than conventional munitions and all the UCAV’s listed would be capable of this payload. Many other non-conventional payloads could be used, but many would probably be prohibited by the Geneva convention. Even the reconnaissance only UAV’s could be retrofitted for use with lighter weaponry, but range and endurance may be affected.
Weaponizable Police Drone Vanguard Defense created the Shadowhawk helicopter UAV. Cheap compared to military UCAV’s and starts at $300,000 Is made in 4 main configurations, the top two are available for military purchase only Performance ◦Range: 24 km (15 mi) ◦Endurance: up to 3 hours ◦Payload: 10 kg (22 lb) Armament ◦40mm, 6 chamber grenade launchers ◦12g Shotgun ◦Non-lethal weapons Gas rounds from the grenade launcher Bean bag/rubber bullets Possibly a Stun gun as was suggested.
Sources used Wikipedia as a reference list to many sources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Atomics_MQ-1_Predator http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RQ-5_Hunter http://www.army-technology.com/projects/hunter/ http://www.elbitsystems.com/elbitmain/area-in2.asp?parent=3&num=32&num2=32 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elbit_Hermes_450 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IAI_Harpy http://defense-update.com/directory/harpy.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Atomics_MQ-9_Reaper http://www.dote.osd.mil/pub/reports/fy2012/pdf/af/2012mq9reaperuas.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northrop_Grumman_MQ-8_Fire_Scout http://www.northropgrumman.com/Capabilities/firescout/Pages/default.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BAE_Systems_Fury http://www.airforce-technology.com/projects/hertiuav/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Atomics_Avenger http://www.elbitsystems.com/elbitmain/area-in2.asp?parent=3&num=31&num2=31 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elbit_Hermes_900 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B83_nuclear_bomb vanguarddefense.com/specifications/ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2140173/Poison-drones-new-Olympic-threat- warns-Colonel-charge-keeping-London-calm.html http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2140173/Poison-drones-new-Olympic-threat- warns-Colonel-charge-keeping-London-calm.html http://www.newenglishreview.org/custpage.cfm/frm/140408/sec_id/140408 http://usacac.army.mil/cac2/cgsc/carl/download/csipubs/OP37.pdf