Challenges No recorded previous outbreak (though there is evidence of previous exposure). Outbreak across borders requires coordination across governments. All three of the heavily affected countries have weak health infrastructure.
Challenges No recorded previous outbreak (though there is evidence of previous exposure). Outbreak across borders requires coordination across governments. All three of the heavily affected countries have weak health infrastructure. International response was slow and then reactive/defensive.
Timeline of events [Mar 25: CDC announces Guinea outbreak] [Mar 30: Liberia reports two cases] [May 25: 1 st confirmed case in Sierra Leone] Aug 8: WHO declares and international health emergency Aug 12: UN special envoy appointed Sept 16: President Obama announces $750 million planned response by U.S. Sept 18: UNMEER established
Slow and weak international response April 10: WHO says $4.8 million is needed for the response. July 31: WHO says $103 million is needed for the response. Sept 18: UN says $1 billion is needed for the response.
What hasn’t worked? Quarantine in West Point neighborhood in Monrovia, Liberia Late June: Liberian and Sierra Leonean presidents made threats of prosecuting anyone “harboring” the infected Closed borders and suspended flights Photo taken during West Point Quarantine, Monrovia, Liberia, by John Moore, Getty Images Photo taken during West Point Quarantine, Monrovia, Liberia, by Abbas Dulleh, Associated Press
Locals: the governments of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone; health workers; burial teams; contact tracing teams, and more. International agencies: World Health Organization (WHO); United Nations (esp. UNICEF); Red Cross; Doctors without Borders (aka MSF), and more. Powerful donors: US, UK, France Others: Cuba (doctors); Malaysia (rubber gloves)
What might work? Provide protection for local health workers Pay local health workers Evacuate all health workers who get sick, not just the ones from Western countries Work with and through local leaders
What new challenges might the response create? Militarization of humanitarian aid Focus on potential Westerners who get sick Multiple donor countries, still unclear on coordination
Preliminary Data from Monrovia on Ebola’s Economic Impact
Organizations You Can Support Doctors without Borders/MSF USA: https://donate.doctorswithoutborders.org/onetime.cf m https://donate.doctorswithoutborders.org/onetime.cf m Wellbody Sierra Leone: http://wellbodyalliance.org/donate/ http://wellbodyalliance.org/donate/ LastMileHealth (Liberia): https://donatenow.networkforgood.org/lastmilehealth ?code=equity1847 https://donatenow.networkforgood.org/lastmilehealth ?code=equity1847 Direct Relief: https://secure2.convio.net/dri/site/Donation2?df_id=2 105&2105.donation=form1&set.SingleDesignee=1541 &_ga=1.224985114.1681973088.1408417880 https://secure2.convio.net/dri/site/Donation2?df_id=2 105&2105.donation=form1&set.SingleDesignee=1541 &_ga=1.224985114.1681973088.1408417880
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