Leading Cause of Death United States, Ages 14 - 17 Source: CDC, 2003-2007 39%
Admitted to the Union in 1889 as the 40th State, South Dakota is known for beautiful scenery like Mount Rushmore and the Badlands, its rolling plains, and for the excellent people who inhabit it. Unfortunately, South Dakota is also known for having one of the worst teenage automobile crash mortality rates in the country. In fact, when compared to only its six neighboring states, the teenage motor vehicle accident mortality rate in South Dakota is 37% higher.
Teen Crash Experience Has your son/daughter been in a crash as a driver? (by age) Survey of South Dakota parents, 2011
Teen’s Crash Severity How serious was the first crash? Survey of South Dakota parents, 2011
Leading Cause of Death South Dakota, Ages 14 - 17 Source: CDC, 2003-2007 44%
Victim role in teen driver (15-17) fatal crashes - South Dakota Source: AAA, 1998-2007
Driver crash involvements per million miles traveled Source: A.F. Williams, Journal of Safety Research 34 (2003) 5-15 Crash Rates by Age Why?
Crash rate per 10,000 licensed drivers Source: SD Dept of Transportation 2010 crashes only
% Crashing by number of months licensed – Teens* North Carolina Months licensed 424854 60 12182430 636 2.0% 1.5% 1.0% 0.5% 2.5% * Beginning age 16 Universal learning curve
Increased risk of driver death during first year of driving, by number of passengers * *vs. no passengers Source: Chen et al., JAMA, 2000
Graduated Driver Licensing The Principle: Maximize Experience Minimize Risks Among all novice drivers
1 st Stage – Learner Permit Supervised driving only (preferably 12 mo.)* 2 nd Stage - Intermediate (6 months) Night driving restriction (10 p.m. – 6 a.m.)* Passenger restriction (< 1 teen passenger)* 3 rd Stage Full License (until age 18) Belt use for all occupants, all stages GDL system should, in principle, include: * Evidence documents beneficial effects of these elements
SD’s Licensing System Outdated GDL systems address three greatest risks to young drivers Inexperience Multiple Passengers/Distractions Nighttime Driving SD’s original GDL program was on the forefront Hasn’t evolved with new knowledge since 1999 Current system falls short of fully preparing teens to drive safely
% Crashing by number of months licensed – Teens* Months licensed 424854 60 12182430 636 2.0% 1.5% 1.0% 0.5% 2.5% * Beginning age 16
ElementCurrentRecommended Learner permit6 mo.First 12 mo. Nighttime limit10 pm – 6 am (Under age 16 only) 10 pm – 6 am Passenger limitNone < 1 teen South Dakota ’ s Current GDL System vs. recommended
16 & 17 Year-old Driver Death Rate * by Time and Presence of Passengers Source: Chen et al., JAMA, 2000 *per million miles traveled
Are teen crashes just a city issue? After all, that’s where all the traffic is…
Effects of comprehensive GDLs Multiple passenger crashes decreased 32% when NC added a one passenger limit to their GDL. Comprehensive GDLs produce substantially greater crash reductions that limited GDLs. Best GDLs reduce crashes 40% among 16 year-olds.
Crash rate ratio for 16 & 17 year-olds vs. 25- 54 year-olds, NC 1991-2003 GDL 16y/o 17y/o
Parents strongly support GDL National Survey 2010: 90% approve night limit 88% approve passenger limit 78% support passenger limit of zero or one teen 60% prefer learner period of 12 months or longer
Do you think South Dakota should increase the permit length to 12 months? Survey of South Dakota parents, 2011
Data was gathered from the South Dakota Department of Transportation, and a survey of South Dakota parents of teenage drivers was performed. Parents generally support GDL, but it is evident that its value is underestimated at this time. 83% of polled parents feel that their children did not receive adequate supervision during the learning period.
Conditions where teen did not get enough practice Survey of South Dakota parents, 2011
Conditions parents believe are most risky for teens Survey of South Dakota parents, 2011
Do you think South Dakota should limit newly licensed teen drivers to no more than one teen passenger? Survey of South Dakota parents, 2011
Summary GDL addresses the major teen health issue Protects teenagers (& other road users) Inexperience is the issue (not age or misbehavior) Supports parents, and they like it SD GDL hasn’t kept up with current research
Summary - continued SD GDL hasn’t kept up with current research Need passenger limit Needs to focus on experience rather than age Learner period is too short to provide adequate experience while supervised by an adult
South Dakota’s GDL System ElementCurrentRecommended Learner Permit3 months*First 12 months Nighttime Limit 10pm - 6am Under age 16 only 10pm - 6am Months 13-18 Passenger LimitNone <1 teen Months 13-18
Who are we? AAA South Dakota American Family Insurance Avera Girls Scouts Dakota Horizons Hayward Fire & Emergency Services Northern Lights SADD Regional Health Sanford Health Sioux Empire Safety Village South Dakota Chapter, American Academy of Pediatrics South Dakota Emergency Medical Services for Children Please visit Safe and Sound South Dakota on Facebook South Dakota Insurance Alliance South Dakota Safety Council South Dakota Sheriff’s Association South Dakota Voices for Children State Farm Insurance Volunteers of America – Dakotas You are Precious Cargo.com