1. Presentation Stress in three-syllable words a. Example
Listen and tick ( ) the correct column according to the stress pattern of the word. Word/ Stress pattern 0ooo0oo0ooo0 1. algebra 2. chemistry 3. computing 4. carefully 5. academic 6. cinema 7. politics
b. Rules 1. Most of three-syllable words have stress on the first syllable. 2. The three-syllable words have the end: SION, TION, CIOUS, TIOUS, CIAL, IC(S), CIAN -> their stress is on the second syllable from the end (Ex: statistics, economic, decision, protection, suspicious, official, mathematician) Note: politics, television
3. The three syllable - words end with : AL, Y -> their stress is on the third syllable from the end (Ex: critical, economical, biology, chemistry) 4. The stress is on the end : EE, EER, ETTE, OO, OON, ESE, AIRE, ADE, AIN (Ex: guarantee, volunteer, Vietnamese, entertain, questionnaire, cigarette, kangaroo, afternoon)
2. Practice a. Listen and repeat algebracarefullypolitics physicalchemistry academic primarystatistics computing cinemacompulsory September
b. Read these sentences 1. The academic school year generally commences in September. 2. The typical school day normally finishes at 3.00 p.m. in England. 3. The national curriculum is usually set by the government. 4. The GCSE stands for the General Certificate of Secondary Education.
II. Grammar 1. Presentation: Passive voice Active: Ex: Nguyen Du wrote Kieu story. S V O S + be + Vpp (-ed/c.3) + (by + O) Passive: -> Kieu story was written by Nguyen Du. BE + Past participle (PP) b. Form: a. Example c. Ways to change active sentence into passive sentence d. Note: When the subject of active sentence is someone, somebody, no one, nobody, nothing, people, they the object of the passive sentence is not mentioned. 1 2
AB 1. Present simple a. S + is / am / are + Vpp a. S + is / am / are + Vpp 2. Present perfect b. S+ were / was + Vpp b. S+ were / was + Vpp 3. Present continuous c. S + had been + Vpp c. S + had been + Vpp 4. Past simple d. S + will / shall be + Vpp d. S + will / shall be + Vpp 5. Past perfect e. S + have / has been + Vpp e. S + have / has been + Vpp 6. Past continuous f. S + is/ am / are being + Vpp f. S + is/ am / are being + Vpp 7. Simple future g. S + was / were being + Vpp g. S + was / were being + Vpp 8. Modal verbs h. S + be going to + be + Vpp h. S + be going to + be + Vpp have to have to 9. Others i. S+ can / could + be + Vpp i. S+ can / could + be + Vpp may/ might may/ might shall / should shall / should
AB 1. Present simple a. S + is / am / are + Vpp 2. Present perfect b. S + have / has been + Vpp 3. Present continuous c. S + is/ am / are being + Vpp 4. Past simple d. S + were / was + Vpp 5. Past perfect e. S + had been + Vpp 6. Past continuous f. S + was / were being + Vpp 7. Simple future g. S + will / shall be + Vpp 8. Modal verbs0126 h. S + can / could be + Vpp may/ might may/ might shall / should shall / should 9. Others i. S + be going to be + Vpp have to have to Detail form of passive voice
2. Practice Exercise 1: Gap-Fill (Fill each blank with the simple present passive form of the verb in brackets) 1.The academic year in England _________ in three terms. ( divide ) 3. The national curriculum_______ by the government and _____________ in all state schools. ( set, must follow ) 6. The advanced students __________ to take part in the annual International Olympic Competition. (select) is divided is set be followed are selected
Exercise 2: Rewrite the following sentences using the passive voice Example: They built this school in 1997. -> This school 1. The students in my class are going to organize a surprise party tomorrow evening. is going to be organized by the students in my class tomorrow evening. 2. They are painting the kitchen now. is being painted now. 3. Shakespeare wrote “ Romeo and Juliet” in 1605. was written by Shakespeare in 1605. 4. They will speak English at the conference. will be spoken at the conference. 5. Jane hasn’t cleaned the floor yet. hasn’t been cleaned by Jane yet. was built in 1997. -> A surprise party _______________________________ -> The kitchen ________________ ->“Romeo and Juliet” _____________________________ -> English __________________________ -> The floor ___________________________
II. Grammar: PASSIVE VOICE 1.The academic school year in England___________ into three terms. (devide) 2. Each term ______________________by a one-week break. ( separate) 3. The national curriculum _____________________________by the government and _____________________ in all state schools. ( set, must follow) 4. The national curriculum ______________ of more than ten subjects. (make up) 5. The state school system ___________ for by the state. (pay) 6. The advanced students ________________ to take part in the annual International Olympic Competition. (select) is devided 1. Exercise 1: Fill each blank with the simple present passive form of the verb in brackets. is separated is set must be followed is made up is paid are selected Simple present: S+ am/is/are + PP…
The world’ first electronic computer…(1.build) by the University of Pennsylvania in 1964.However,computers.….(2.sell) commercially for the first time in the 1950s. Much progress on computer..…(3. make) since 1950. Computers are now much smaller and more powerful and they …(4. can buy) much more cheaply. Computers …(5.use) in the many fields-in business, science, medicine, and education, for example. They …(6.can use )to forecast the weather or to control robots which make cars. The computer’s memory is the place where information … (7.store) and calculations …(8. do). A computer cannot think for itself – it…(9.must tell) exactly what to do. A lot of difficult calculations …(10.can do) very quickly on computer. 2. Exercise 2: Fill in the spaces of the following passage with the correct tense in passive voice of the verbs in brackets. was built were sold has been made can be bought are used can be used is storedare done. must be told can be done
1. They first published this dictionary in 1870. 2. The students in my class are going to organize a surprise party tomorrow evening. 3. They are painting the kitchen now. 4. Shakespeare wrote “ Romeo and Juliet” in 1605. 5. They have translated Shakespeare’s tragedies into many languages. 6. They have just built a new primary school in my village. 7. They will speak English at the conference. 8. Jane hasn’t cleaned the floor yet. Active: S + V + O Passive: S+ a. They built this school in 1997. → This school… b. They will repaint the house soon. → The house will be repainted soon. be + PP… + by+ O How to change an active sentence into a passive one. a.They built this school in 1997. → This school was built in 1997. was built in 1997 3. Exercise 3: Change these sentences into passive voice.
3. Exercise 3: Change these sentences into passive voice 1. This dictionary was first published in 1970. 2. A surprise party is going to be organized by the students in my class tomorrow evening. 3. The kitchen is being painted now. 4. “Romeo ans Juliet” was written by Shakespeare in 1605. 5. Shakespear’s tragedies have been translated into many languages. 6. A new primary school has just been built in my village. 7. English will be spoken at the conference. 8. The floor hasn’t been cleaned yet.
Homework: - Revise the passive voice. -Redo the above exercises. -Prepare: Unit 5- Reading lesson