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IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit Four: Chapter 22 commemorate empathy complacent menial consensus niche deplete transcend diligentwaive

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 commemorate Commemorate means A. to share. B. to celebrate. C. to believe. Thomas devoted himself to feeding the hungry. So on the anniversary of his death, it seems wrong to commemorate his life with a fancy dinner party that only the rich can attend. Each year, my parents commemorate their first date by having dinner at McDonalds, the place where they first met. – verb

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Commemorate means A. to share. B. to celebrate. C. to believe. Thomas devoted himself to feeding the hungry. So on the anniversary of his death, it seems wrong to commemorate his life with a fancy dinner party that only the rich can attend. Each year, my parents commemorate their first date by having dinner at McDonalds, the place where they first met. One would celebrate Thomas’s life on the anniversary of his death. Having dinner at the place where they first met would be a fitting way for the parents to celebrate the anniversary of their first date. 1 commemorate – verb

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 complacent – adjective Complacent means A. very eager. B. reasonable. C. too much at ease. Elected officials cannot afford to be complacent about winning an election. Before long, they’ll have to campaign again for the voters ’ support. Getting all A’s hasn’t made Ivy complacent. She continues to work hard at school.

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 complacent – adjective Complacent means A. very eager. B. reasonable. C. too much at ease. Elected officials cannot afford to be complacent about winning an election. Before long, they’ll have to campaign again for the voters ’ support. Getting all A’s hasn’t made Ivy complacent. She continues to work hard at school. If the elected officials will soon have to campaign again, they cannot be too much at ease about winning the most recent election. If Ivy continues to work hard, getting all A’s must not have made her too much at ease with her schoolwork. 2 complacent – adjective

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 consensus – noun Consensus means A. a majority view. B. an unusual idea. C. a question. A vote revealed strong agreement among the teachers. The consensus was that they would strike if the school board did not act quickly to raise their pay. The family consensus was that we should go camping again this summer. Ray was the only one who wanted to do something else for a change.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Consensus means A. a majority view. B. an unusual idea. C. a question. A vote revealed strong agreement among the teachers. The consensus was that they would strike if the school board did not act quickly to raise their pay. The family consensus was that we should go camping again this summer. Ray was the only one who wanted to do something else for a change. In the first item, the words strong agreement suggest that consensus means “a majority view.” In the second item, if Ray was the only family member who didn’t want to go camping, the majority view was that they should go camping. 3 consensus – noun

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT I’d like to help you out with a loan, but unexpected car repairs have managed to deplete my bank account. In order not to deplete their small supply of canned food, the shipwreck survivors searched the island for plants they could eat. 4 deplete Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Deplete means A. to use up. B. to forget. C. to find. – verb

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT I’d like to help you out with a loan, but unexpected car repairs have managed to deplete my bank account. In order not to deplete their small supply of canned food, the shipwreck survivors searched the island for plants they could eat. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Deplete means A. to use up. B. to forget. C. to find. If the person can’t afford to help out with a loan, his or her car repairs must have used up the bank account. If the survivors searched for plants they could eat, they must have wanted not to use up their small supply of canned food. 4 deplete – verb

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Diligent means A. self-satisfied. B. lucky. C. hard-working. 5 diligent – adjective I wish I had been more diligent about practicing piano when I was younger. It would be nice to be able to play well now. Diane was lazy when she first joined the family business, but she soon became so diligent that she inspired others to work harder. A diligent farmer

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Diligent means A. self-satisfied. B. lucky. C. hard-working. I wish I had been more diligent about practicing piano when I was younger. It would be nice to be able to play well now. Diane was lazy when she first joined the family business, but she soon became so diligent that she inspired others to work harder. If the person had been more hard-working about practicing the piano in the past, he or she would be able to play well now. The second item contrasts Diane’s former laziness with the fact that she is now hard- working. 5 diligent – adjective A diligent farmer

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Empathy means A. a common opinion. B. a sympathetic understanding. C. an efficiency. Families who lost loved ones in the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon have empathy for one another because of their shared grief. Ms. Allan is an excellent career counselor partly because of her great empathy. She understands each student’s feelings and point of view. 6 empathy – noun

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Empathy means A. a common opinion. B. a sympathetic understanding. C. an efficiency. Families who lost loved ones in the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon have empathy for one another because of their shared grief. Ms. Allan is an excellent career counselor partly because of her great empathy. She understands each student’s feelings and point of view. In the first item, the words shared grief suggest that empathy means “a sympathetic understanding.” In the second item, if Ms. Allan understands each student’s feelings and point of view, she has a sympathetic understanding of each student. 6 empathy – noun

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Menial means A. unskilled. B. steady. C. satisfying. Julio seems to think my summer job delivering pizza is menial work, but I’ve found that it requires some skills. Every job can be done with pride. Even menial jobs such as washing windows or scrubbing floors can be performed with care. 7 menial – adjective A man doing a menial task

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Menial means A. unskilled. B. steady. C. satisfying. Julio seems to think my summer job delivering pizza is menial work, but I’ve found that it requires some skills. Every job can be done with pride. Even menial jobs such as washing windows or scrubbing floors can be performed with care. Although delivering pizza may seem like unskilled work, in fact it requires some skills. Washing windows and scrubbing floors are unskilled jobs. 7 menial – adjective A man doing a menial task

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Niche means A. a shared opinion. B. a suitable place. C. an education. Although her degree was in accounting, Kendra decided her niche was really in business management, so she went back to school for more training. Dom spent the years after college moving restlessly from job to job, never finding a comfortable niche for himself. 8 niche – noun

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Niche means A. a shared opinion. B. a suitable place. C. an education. Although her degree was in accounting, Kendra decided her niche was really in business management, so she went back to school for more training. Dom spent the years after college moving restlessly from job to job, never finding a comfortable niche for himself. If Kendra went back for more training in business management, she must have decided that business management was work that suited her well (was a suitable place for her). If Dom moved restlessly from job to job, he must not have found a suitable place for himself. 8 niche – noun

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Transcend means A. to participate in. B. to go past. C. to use up. The psychic convinced her clients that she could transcend time and space and talk directly with the dead. Yoga can help one transcend the cares of the world and reach a state of relaxation. 9 transcend – verb

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Transcend means A. to participate in. B. to go past. C. to use up. The psychic convinced her clients that she could transcend time and space and talk directly with the dead. Yoga can help one transcend the cares of the world and reach a state of relaxation. In order to talk directly with the dead, the psychic would have to go past time and space. In order to reach a state of relaxation one must rise above (go past) the cares of the world. 9 transcend – verb

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Waive means A. to lose. B. to honor. C. to give up. 10 waive The defendant decided to waive his right to an attorney and, instead, speak for himself in court. Since Lin had studied so much math on her own, the school waived the requirement that she take high school algebra. – verb

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Waive means A. to lose. B. to honor. C. to give up. The defendant decided to waive his right to an attorney and, instead, speak for himself in court. Since Lin had studied so much math on her own, the school waived the requirement that she take high school algebra. If the defendant was going to speak for himself, he must have decided to give up his right to an attorney. If Lin had already learned the material on her own, the school would give up the requirement that she take algebra. 10 waive – verb

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.The American Inventors’ Association gathered at a banquet to ____________ Thomas Edison. 1.The old man decided to ___________ any claim he had to the family fortune, preferring to see the money go to the younger generation. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. commemorateB. complacentC. consensusD. depleteE.diligent F. empathyG. menialH. nicheI. transcendJ.waive

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.The American Inventors’ Association gathered at a banquet to ____________ Thomas Edison. 1.The old man decided to ___________ any claim he had to the family fortune, preferring to see the money go to the younger generation. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. commemorateB. complacentC. consensusD. depleteE.diligent F. empathyG. menialH. nicheI. transcendJ.waive waive commemorate The old man would give up his right to the money so it could go to others. Inventors would gather to honor the memory of the great inventor Thomas Edison.

25 4.Many people believe that Shakespeare’s works _________ those of all other authors. SENTENCE CHECK 1 3.My grandfather, who’s recovering from heart surgery, is weak, so it doesn’t take much effort for him to _________ the little energy he has. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. commemorateB. complacentC. consensusD. depleteE.diligent F. empathyG. menialH. nicheI. transcendJ.waive 5.The hair salon got off to a good start, but then the owners became __________ about their success and stopped trying to attract new customers.

26 4.Many people believe that Shakespeare’s works _________ those of all other authors. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.The hair salon got off to a good start, but then the owners became __________ about their success and stopped trying to attract new customers. 3.My grandfather, who’s recovering from heart surgery, is weak, so it doesn’t take much effort for him to _________ the little energy he has. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. commemorateB. complacentC. consensusD. depleteE.diligent F. empathyG. menialH. nicheI. transcendJ.waive deplete transcend complacent If he is weak, it wouldn’t take much effort to use up his energy. Many believe that Shakespeare’s works rise above the works of others. If the owners stopped trying to attract new customers, they must have felt too much satisfaction with their early success.

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.The children like to help out at the family restaurant, but they are able to perform only __________ tasks, such as mopping floors and cleaning tables. 6.Several sessions with a career counselor helped Suzanne consider what her ________ in the working world might be. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. commemorateB. complacentC. consensusD. depleteE.diligent F. empathyG. menialH. nicheI. transcendJ.waive

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.The children like to help out at the family restaurant, but they are able to perform only __________ tasks, such as mopping floors and cleaning tables. 6.Several sessions with a career counselor helped Suzanne consider what her ________ in the working world might be. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. commemorateB. complacentC. consensusD. depleteE.diligent F. empathyG. menialH. nicheI. transcendJ.waive niche menial A career counselor would help Suzanne think about what activity would be especially suited to her. Mopping floors and cleaning tables are tasks not requiring special skills or higher intellectual abilities.

29 9.I had hoped the restaurant would be good, but our group’s __________ was that the food was only so-so, and the service was even worse. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.Arnie has been __________ in his study of German because he hopes to speak the language with his relatives from Germany when they visit next summer. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. commemorateB. complacentC. consensusD. depleteE.diligent F. empathyG. menialH. nicheI. transcendJ.waive 10.Dr. Grange is a brilliant mathematician, but she lacks __________ for her students. She doesn’t understand how they can find some problems so difficult.

30 9.I had hoped the restaurant would be good, but our group’s __________ was that the food was only so-so, and the service was even worse. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.Arnie has been __________ in his study of German because he hopes to speak the language with his relatives from Germany when they visit next summer. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. commemorateB. complacentC. consensusD. depleteE.diligent F. empathyG. menialH. nicheI. transcendJ.waive In order to speak German, his studying would be steady and determined. The majority view was that the food and service were not good. If Dr. Grange doesn’t understand her students’ difficulties, she lacks the ability to share in their feelings and thoughts. empathy consensus diligent


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