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An Overview of the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) and the Planned Piloting in Amhara National Regional State (ANRS), Ethiopia Workshop on Cadastral.

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Presentation on theme: "An Overview of the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) and the Planned Piloting in Amhara National Regional State (ANRS), Ethiopia Workshop on Cadastral."— Presentation transcript:

1 An Overview of the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) and the Planned Piloting in Amhara National Regional State (ANRS), Ethiopia Workshop on Cadastral Index Mapping and Computerization for Speedy and Pro- poor Rural Land Administration in Ethiopia: Experience, Challenges and Prospects, May 2009 By Solomon A. Haile (GLTN/UN-HABITAT and Christian Lemmen (ITC/Dutch Cadastre)

2 Outline  STDM Overview What is STDM? Why STDM? STDM development process and status  Why piloting STDM in ANRS, Ethiopia?  Few words on STDM piloting in ANRS  Quick displays of the STDM interface  Conclusion

3  To introduce STDM to partners in ANRS/Ethiopia  To facilitate smooth piloting and customization Objective

4 What is STDM?  a multi-partner (GLTN, UN-HABITAT, ITC, FIG, WB) land information management software development initiative to support pro-poor land administration in an integrated framework Why STDM? The need to provide pro-poor tools Propriety LIMS solutions and coventional surveying hasn’t served the poor in informal, customary, small holder agric., etc areas where parcels are ‘untidy’, land rights are ‘messy’ with overlapping claims and tenures To get around prohibitive costs  STDM is being developed with public resources by non-profit entities and based on open source methodology (no acquisition costs, no license fees, no upgrade fees, etc) STDM Overview

5 STDM Overview: what is STDM?  It is unconventional : all kinds of spatial units /property units; all kinds of rights and all types right holders Parcel Apartment Building Customary area Groups of areas Etc > Quality labels  One Point - inside polygon  One point - street axes  Set of Lines  Polygon (low accuracy)  Polygon (high accuracy)  3D Volume  Etc >

6 Why pilot test STDN in ANRS?  STDM is a part of the support package that CIM partners are availing for consideration in ANRS/ Ethiopia Conditions: STDM becomes a robust tool and gets local partners buy-in. Agains this backdrop, the test can help  assess if current and forthcoming functionalities correspond to LIMS needs of users  determine the degree of customization required with regard to context (rural land administration /small holder agric), local language support  get a sense of users capabilities of partners’ staff at different levels in managing and using the software  get a sense of compatibility / complementarity with existing IT infrastructure, software

7 STDM development process and status  Informal ‘needs assessment’ through individual research Why hasn’t parcel–based convetional LA taken off in SSA and much of the developing world? why has implemeting land policies become a daunting challenge?  Documentation and communication LIMS experience acquired through normative advisory activities and working with professionals and communities of practice in the developing world  Building consensus and partnership around unmet needs in informal settlemts, customary and subsistence farming areas  Commissioning software development contract with ITC and having backsopping of partners like FIG

8 STDM development process and status  Conceptual design and internal review (ITC, GLTN/UN-HABITAT)  Functional design and internal review (ITC, GLTN/UN-HABITAT)  Technical design and internal review (ITC, GLTN/UN-HABITAT)  Prototype release, in-house testing and validation (ITC)  External peer-review of design outputs (FIG-led, but involving well known professionals) Forthcoming  External (Field) testing (Ethiopia in small holder agric context; Namibia in informal settlement context; customary???  Peer-review of the prototype

9 An overview of the piloting Installation of the software in client server mode (the server side tools include additional open source software like PostgreSQL, PostGIS, Tomcat; STDM also uses ILWIS platform for raster data management) Data preparation, input, integration and management  Exiting alphnumeric data from ISLA  Newly acquired spatial data from the ongoing CIM Training  Land administration on principles, processes and practices  Database management in STDM environment  end users training on STDM management and functionlities Testing – both users as well as developers

10 Examples of STDM functionalities  Generate images for field work  Generate forms for field work  Scan images  Vectorise raster data  Record overlapping claims (for future possible adjudication)  Record and manage overlapping tenure  Link spatial and admin data  Aggregate parcels (e.g., into holdings)  Record history  Process – not modelled  Record, store and manage all types of source documents  Record info on data collectors, process managers

11 A leaf from the technical design

12 STDM Main Window

13 STDM: Navigation pane  Information Management section: define parameters to connect to the selected database, to define access rules, the working directory, Reference maps and data collectors.  Data Acquisition section:Input data in the database

14 Preferences tab: define the working directory and the connection to the database

15 Reference Maps tab: to define the geographic area and the imagery that belongs to it.

16 Natural Person Attributes  Person ID: official country ID of the person (i.e. burgerservicenummer/sofinummer in The Netherlands or Social Security Number SSN is the U.S.A. or Cédula de Ciudadanía in Colombia or Carteira de identidade in Brasil). (M)  Gender: natural person gender: male or female. (M)  First Name : natural person first name. (M)  Last Name : natural person family name. (M)  Street: street name or number  Postal code : postal code  City : name of city or region. (M)  Photograph: person’s photograph  Fingerprint: the scan of the person’s finger print  Signature: scan of the person’s signature.  Date Of Birth : natural person date of birth  Validity : date the record is input in the database. (M)  Until : date the record is not valid anymore.  (M) = Mandatory

17 Natural Person tab: create, search and edit data of natural persons

18 Non Natural Person tab: Create, search and edit data of non natural persons

19 Spatial Unit Attributes  Spatial Unit ID : identification number of the spatial unit. (M)  Field ID : identification number of the spatial unit given on the field. (M)  City : city or region where the spatial unit is located. (M)  Tax Amount : estimation of the tax that the spatial unit has to pay according to regulations of the country.  Value : estimation of spatial unit value  Calculated Area: approximate area of the spatial unit.  Spatial Unit Type : type of spatial unit to be selected from a number of options (point, line- based, text, sketch, building,..). (M)  Type of Use : type of use of the spatial unit to be selected from a number of options (agricultural, living,..)  Data Source : address path where the data source for the spatial unit is stored. To be selected from a browsing window. (M)  Photograph: scan or digital photograph of the spatial unit’s.  Validity : Date the record is input in the database. (M)  Until : date the record is not valid anymore

20 Source Document tab: create, edit and find source documents.

21 Spatial Unit tab: Create, edit and search spatial units Base imagery Supporting document

22 Spatial Unit: Georeferencing

23 Spatial Unit: Georeferencing (2) adding tie points

24 Spatial Unit: Digitizing

25 Conclusion  There is a LIMS gap that STDM is going to bridge in unconventional fashion and targetiing needs in hitherto unserved areas and unreached LA scope  Has a potential to integrate formal, informal, and customary land systems  Major software vendors has shown interest to collaborate on its further devlopment and seems to have endorsed the thinking behind STDM’s development.  Let us give it a try and see what WE CAN ACHIEVE!

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