Presentation on theme: "An Overview of the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) and the Planned Piloting in Amhara National Regional State (ANRS), Ethiopia Workshop on Cadastral."— Presentation transcript:
1An Overview of the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) and the Planned Piloting in Amhara National Regional State (ANRS), EthiopiaWorkshop on Cadastral Index Mapping and Computerization for Speedy and Pro-poor Rural Land Administration in Ethiopia: Experience, Challenges and Prospects, May 2009By Solomon A. Haile (GLTN/UN-HABITAT and Christian Lemmen (ITC/Dutch Cadastre)
2Outline STDM Overview What is STDM? Why STDM? STDM development process and statusWhy piloting STDM in ANRS, Ethiopia?Few words on STDM piloting in ANRSQuick displays of the STDM interfaceConclusion
3To introduce STDM to partners in ANRS/Ethiopia ObjectiveTo introduce STDM to partners in ANRS/EthiopiaTo facilitate smooth piloting and customization
4STDM Overview What is STDM? a multi-partner (GLTN, UN-HABITAT, ITC, FIG, WB) land information management software development initiative to support pro-poor land administration in an integrated frameworkWhy STDM? The need to provide pro-poor toolsPropriety LIMS solutions and coventional surveying hasn’t served the poor in informal, customary, small holder agric., etc areas where parcels are ‘untidy’, land rights are ‘messy’ with overlapping claims and tenuresTo get around prohibitive costsSTDM is being developed with public resources by non-profit entities and based on open source methodology (no acquisition costs, no license fees, no upgrade fees, etc)
5STDM Overview: what is STDM? It is unconventional : all kinds of spatial units /property units; all kinds of rights and all types right holdersParcelApartmentBuildingCustomary areaGroups of areasEtc << can be extended >>Quality labelsOne Point - inside polygonOne point - street axesSet of LinesPolygon (low accuracy)Polygon (high accuracy)3D VolumeEtc << can be extended >>
6Why pilot test STDN in ANRS? STDM is a part of the support package that CIM partners are availing for consideration in ANRS/ EthiopiaConditions: STDM becomes a robust tool and gets local partners buy-in.Agains this backdrop, the test can helpassess if current and forthcoming functionalities correspond to LIMS needs of usersdetermine the degree of customization required with regard to context (rural land administration /small holder agric), local language supportget a sense of users capabilities of partners’ staff at different levels in managing and using the softwareget a sense of compatibility / complementarity with existing IT infrastructure, software
7STDM development process and status Informal ‘needs assessment’ through individual researchWhy hasn’t parcel–based convetional LA taken off in SSA and much of the developing world?why has implemeting land policies become a daunting challenge?Documentation and communication LIMS experience acquired through normative advisory activities and working with professionals and communities of practice in the developing worldBuilding consensus and partnership around unmet needs in informal settlemts, customary and subsistence farming areasCommissioning software development contract with ITC and having backsopping of partners like FIG
8STDM development process and status Conceptual design and internal review (ITC, GLTN/UN-HABITAT)Functional design and internal review (ITC, GLTN/UN-HABITAT)Technical design and internal review (ITC, GLTN/UN-HABITAT)Prototype release, in-house testing and validation (ITC)External peer-review of design outputs (FIG-led, but involving well known professionals)ForthcomingExternal (Field) testing (Ethiopia in small holder agric context; Namibia in informal settlement context; customary???Peer-review of the prototype
9An overview of the piloting Installation of the software in client server mode (the server side tools include additional open source software like PostgreSQL, PostGIS, Tomcat; STDM also uses ILWIS platform for raster data management)Data preparation, input, integration and managementExiting alphnumeric data from ISLANewly acquired spatial data from the ongoing CIMTrainingLand administration on principles, processes and practicesDatabase management in STDM environmentend users training on STDM management and functionlitiesTesting – both users as well as developers
10Examples of STDM functionalities Generate images for field workGenerate forms for field workScan imagesVectorise raster dataRecord overlapping claims (for future possible adjudication)Record and manage overlapping tenureLink spatial and admin dataAggregate parcels (e.g., into holdings)Record historyProcess – not modelledRecord, store and manage all types of source documentsRecord info on data collectors, process managers
13STDM: Navigation paneInformation Management section: define parameters to connect to the selected database, to define access rules, the working directory, Reference maps and data collectors.Data Acquisition section:Input data in the database
14Preferences tab: define the working directory and the connection to the database
15Reference Maps tab: to define the geographic area and the imagery that belongs to it.
16Natural Person Attributes Person ID: official country ID of the person (i.e. burgerservicenummer/sofinummer in The Netherlands or Social Security Number SSN is the U.S.A. or Cédula de Ciudadanía in Colombia or Carteira de identidade in Brasil). (M)Gender: natural person gender: male or female. (M)First Name: natural person first name. (M)Last Name: natural person family name. (M)Street: street name or numberPostal code: postal codeCity: name of city or region. (M)Photograph: person’s photographFingerprint: the scan of the person’s finger printSignature: scan of the person’s signature.Date Of Birth: natural person date of birthValidity: date the record is input in the database. (M)Until: date the record is not valid anymore.(M) = Mandatory
17Natural Person tab: create, search and edit data of natural persons
18Non Natural Person tab: Create, search and edit data of non natural persons
19Spatial Unit Attributes Spatial Unit ID: identification number of the spatial unit. (M)Field ID: identification number of the spatial unit given on the field. (M)City: city or region where the spatial unit is located. (M)Tax Amount: estimation of the tax that the spatial unit has to pay according to regulations of the country.Value: estimation of spatial unit valueCalculated Area: approximate area of the spatial unit.Spatial Unit Type: type of spatial unit to be selected from a number of options (point, line-based, text, sketch, building, ..). (M)Type of Use: type of use of the spatial unit to be selected from a number of options (agricultural, living, ..)Data Source: address path where the data source for the spatial unit is stored. To be selected from a browsing window. (M)Photograph: scan or digital photograph of the spatial unit’s.Validity: Date the record is input in the database. (M)Until: date the record is not valid anymore
20Source Document tab: create, edit and find source documents.
21Spatial Unit tab: Create, edit and search spatial units Base imagerySupporting document
25ConclusionThere is a LIMS gap that STDM is going to bridge in unconventional fashion and targetiing needs in hitherto unserved areas and unreached LA scopeHas a potential to integrate formal, informal, and customary land systemsMajor software vendors has shown interest to collaborate on its further devlopment and seems to have endorsed the thinking behind STDM’s development.Let us give it a try and see what WE CAN ACHIEVE!