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BIO-MEDICAL WASTE COMMON FACILITY DISPOSAL PROJECT COMMON FACILITY DISPOSAL PROJECT NECESSITY AND AWARENESS. NECESSITY AND AWARENESS. …. DR. SANDEEP SHROTRI,

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Presentation on theme: "BIO-MEDICAL WASTE COMMON FACILITY DISPOSAL PROJECT COMMON FACILITY DISPOSAL PROJECT NECESSITY AND AWARENESS. NECESSITY AND AWARENESS. …. DR. SANDEEP SHROTRI,"— Presentation transcript:

1 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE COMMON FACILITY DISPOSAL PROJECT COMMON FACILITY DISPOSAL PROJECT NECESSITY AND AWARENESS. NECESSITY AND AWARENESS. …. DR. SANDEEP SHROTRI, MS …. DR. SANDEEP SHROTRI, MS DATTA-KASHI HOSPITAL, SATARA DATTA-KASHI HOSPITAL, SATARA AHO, SATARA. AHO, SATARA.

2 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE ? ? DEFINITION ? LAW SAYS ? HOSPITAL RESPONSIBILITY ? ASSOCIATION RESPONSIBILTY ? PUBLIC AWARENESS ? PRESS AWARENESS ?ACTUAL PROJECT

3 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE DEFINITON……..DEFINITON…….. ANYTHING PRODUCED AS WASTE MATERIAL CONTAMINATED WITH MICROORGANISMS HAVING POTENTIAL RISK TO HUMAN HEALTHANYTHING PRODUCED AS WASTE MATERIAL CONTAMINATED WITH MICROORGANISMS HAVING POTENTIAL RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH

4 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE ? LAW SAYS BOMBAY NURSING HOME ACT BOMBAY NURSING HOME ACT MPCB-ACT MPCB-ACT MPCB BIOWASTE DISPOSAL ACT MPCB BIOWASTE DISPOSAL ACT G.R.—AND AMENDMENT G.R.—AND AMENDMENT BY END OF APPLY TO ALL METROSBY END OF APPLY TO ALL METROS BY END OF APPLY TO ALL M.CORPO.BY END OF APPLY TO ALL M.CORPO. BY END OF 2003—APPLY TO ALLBY END OF 2003—APPLY TO ALL

5 1998 Schedule for Waste Treatment Facilities Ministry of Env’ment & Forests (Notification 1998) Hospitals & Nursing Homes in towns with population over 30 lakhs By 31 st December, 1999 or earlier Hospitals & Nursing Homes in towns with population below 30 lakhs a) With 500 beds or more By 31 st December, 1999 or earlier b) With 200 beds or more, but less than 500 beds By 31 st December, 2000 or earlier c) With 50 beds or more, but less than 200 beds By 31 st December, 2001 or earlier d) With less than 50 beds By 31 st December, 2002 or earlier All other institutions generating bio-medical waste not included in the above By 31 st December, 2002 or earlier Schedule 6 of Biomedical Waste Rules 1998

6 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE ? LAW SAYS LAW SPECIFIES--- LAW SPECIFIES--- 1…NATURE OF THE WASTE1…NATURE OF THE WASTE 2... CLASSIFICATION2... CLASSIFICATION 3…COLLECTION RULES3…COLLECTION RULES 4…TRANSPORTATION RULES4…TRANSPORTATION RULES 5…STORAGE & SEGGREGATION5…STORAGE & SEGGREGATION 6…DISPOSAL ACTUAL6…DISPOSAL ACTUAL 7…PENALTY RULES7…PENALTY RULES

7 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE ? HOSPITAL RESPONSIBILITY 1….OWNER..MUST BE AWARE1….OWNER..MUST BE AWARE 2….DOCTORS …MUST BE AWARE2….DOCTORS …MUST BE AWARE 3….MANAGER …MUST BE AWARE3….MANAGER …MUST BE AWARE 4….STAFF TRAINING PROGRAMME4….STAFF TRAINING PROGRAMME 5….COLLECTING BAGS5….COLLECTING BAGS 6….RECORD KEEPING6….RECORD KEEPING 7….LICENSE TO GENERATE WASTE.7….LICENSE TO GENERATE WASTE.

8 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE ? ASSOCIATION RESPONSIBILTY BY LAW NOTHING !!!!!! BY LAW NOTHING !!!!!! BUT BUT MORALLY …EVERYTHING !!!!!!MORALLY …EVERYTHING !!!!!!

9 TEAM WORK

10 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE ? ASSOCIATION RESPONSIBILTY 1…TO MAKE EVERY POTENTIAL MEMBER AWARE1…TO MAKE EVERY POTENTIAL MEMBER AWARE 2…TO RUN OR TO ASK A SUITABLE AGENCY TO ERECT AND RUN THE PROJECT.2…TO RUN OR TO ASK A SUITABLE AGENCY TO ERECT AND RUN THE PROJECT. 3…TO SUPERWISE THE PROJECT3…TO SUPERWISE THE PROJECT 4…TO HAVE STAFF TRAINING PROGRAMMES4…TO HAVE STAFF TRAINING PROGRAMMES 5…TO HELP THE SOCIETY IN PREVENTION OF THE CONTAGEOUS DISEASES5…TO HELP THE SOCIETY IN PREVENTION OF THE CONTAGEOUS DISEASES

11 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE ? MUNCIPAL RESPONSIBILTY ( LOCAL BODY) TO MAKE EVERY HEALTHTO MAKE EVERY HEALTH INSTITUTE AWARE. INSTITUTE AWARE. TO GET EVERY HEALTH INSTITUTE REGISTERED UNDER BOMBAY NURSING HOME ACT.TO GET EVERY HEALTH INSTITUTE REGISTERED UNDER BOMBAY NURSING HOME ACT. TO PROVIDE THE SPACE, ELECTRICITY & WATER TO THE PROJECT.TO PROVIDE THE SPACE, ELECTRICITY & WATER TO THE PROJECT. TO SUPERWISE THE ENTIRE PROJECT.TO SUPERWISE THE ENTIRE PROJECT.

12 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE ? ASSOCIATION RESPONSIBILTY ULTIMATELY ……. ULTIMATELY ……. POLLUTION CONTROL POLLUTION CONTROL & CONSERVATION OF ENVIRONMENT CONSERVATION OF ENVIRONMENT

13 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE ? PUBLIC AWARENESS BIO-WASTE HAZARDOUS TOBIO-WASTE HAZARDOUS TO PUBLIC HEALTH.PUBLIC HEALTH. MANY EPIDEMICS KNOWN TO BE SPREAD FROM UNAUTHORISED DISPOSAL OF BIO-WASTE.MANY EPIDEMICS KNOWN TO BE SPREAD FROM UNAUTHORISED DISPOSAL OF BIO-WASTE.

14 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE ? PRESS RESPONSIBILTY BIO-MEDICAL WASTE ? PRESS RESPONSIBILTY DO NOT KNOW THE SERIOUSNESS OF THE ISSUE.DO NOT KNOW THE SERIOUSNESS OF THE ISSUE. TO HAVE A GOOD EXPOSURE OF THE MEDIA FOR PUBLIC AWARENESS.TO HAVE A GOOD EXPOSURE OF THE MEDIA FOR PUBLIC AWARENESS. IMPORTANT ROLE IN MAKING THE GOVT., MPCB.,DOCTORS, AND PUBLIC COORDINATION.IMPORTANT ROLE IN MAKING THE GOVT., MPCB.,DOCTORS, AND PUBLIC COORDINATION.

15 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE ? WHO ARE CONCERENED 1. ALL HOSPITALS1. ALL HOSPITALS 2. ALL OPD’S—GP./ CONSULTANTS2. ALL OPD’S—GP./ CONSULTANTS 3. BLOOD BANKS,EYE BANKS.3. BLOOD BANKS,EYE BANKS. 4. PATHOLOGY LABS.4. PATHOLOGY LABS. 5. X’RAY, CT-MRI SCAN CENTRES5. X’RAY, CT-MRI SCAN CENTRES 6. ANIMAL HUSBANDARIES6. ANIMAL HUSBANDARIES 7. ANIMAL LABORATORIES.7. ANIMAL LABORATORIES. 8. VATERNARY DISP./HOSPITALS8. VATERNARY DISP./HOSPITALS

16 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE ACTUAL PROJECT VARIOUS ALTERNATIVESVARIOUS ALTERNATIVES 1…DEEP BURIAL1…DEEP BURIAL 2…INCINERATOR2…INCINERATOR 3…AUTOCLAVE3…AUTOCLAVE 4…DISINFECTANT PLANT4…DISINFECTANT PLANT 5…SHREDDERS5…SHREDDERS 6…EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT6…EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT 7…MICROWAVE7…MICROWAVE 8…BI-PRODUCT INDUSTRIES8…BI-PRODUCT INDUSTRIES

17 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE ? DEEP BURIAL SIMPLE, LOW COST METHODSIMPLE, LOW COST METHOD SHORT TERM BENEFITSHORT TERM BENEFIT LONG TERM WASTAGE OF LANDLONG TERM WASTAGE OF LAND

18 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE INCINERATOR MORE INVESTMENTMORE INVESTMENT MORE INSTRUMENTS AND EQIPPMENTSMORE INSTRUMENTS AND EQIPPMENTS RUNNING COSTRUNNING COST INPUT COLLECTIONINPUT COLLECTION CLOSE SUPERVISIONCLOSE SUPERVISION TEMPERATURE REGULATIONTEMPERATURE REGULATION NO LOSS NO PROFITNO LOSS NO PROFIT

19 BIO-MEDICAL WASTE

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21 Medical Waste Categories HazardousNon-hazardous Noninfectious InfectiousKitchenRecyclable s Non-sharps Patient contaminate d waste Anatomical Equipment Specimens Laborator y waste Non-plastics Sharps: needles, scalpel blades, scalp veins, glass contaminated with blood Radioactive Cytotoxic drugs Toxic Chemicals Plastics PVC, PE PET, PS contaminated cotton waste, gauze, linen

22 CategoryWasteContainer Disposal Method 1 Human Anatomical waste Yellow Bag Incineration 2 Animal Waste Yellow Bag Incineration 5 Cytotoxic Drugs Yellow Bag Incineration 3 Microbiology and Biotechnology Waste Red Bag Hydroclave / Autoclave 4 Sharps Waste Puncture Proof Containers Hydroclave / Autoclave 6 Soiled Waste: dressings, linen Red Bag Hydroclave / Autoclave 7 Disposables: tubing, catheters Red Bag Hydroclave / Autoclave 8 Liquid Waste - Disinfect and drain 9 Incineration Ash - Municipal Landfill 10 Chemical waste - Disinfect and drain liquids. Solids - Municipal Landfill Treatment and Disposal Options of Waste Categories

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41 THANK YOU


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