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Caribbean Fish Slideshow # 1 Family groups from A - R 2008 Edition.

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Presentation on theme: "Caribbean Fish Slideshow # 1 Family groups from A - R 2008 Edition."— Presentation transcript:

1 Caribbean Fish Slideshow # 1 Family groups from A - R 2008 Edition

2 Angelfish Sweeping extensions from dorsal and anal fins Tough beaklike mouths –one of the only fish that can EAT sponges

3 Immature French Angelfish Black and yellow bars Rounded Tail with yellow border

4 French Angelfish Oval Shaped Body Dorsal and anal fin taper backwards Blackbody with yellow tickmarks inches

5 Gray Angelfish Oval Shaped Body Gray body. Yellow inner face of pectoral fin. Square-cut tail Juvenile:

6 Queen Angelfish Blue “crown” on top of head Yellow Tail Juvenile:

7 Immature Rock Beauty Yellow body Black dot ringed in brilliant blue

8 Rock Beauty Yellow forebody and tail Dorsal and anal fin taper backwards

9 Sea Bass Large and varied group Oval body shape Most have heavy lips Spiny anterior dorsal fin continuous with soft posterior dorsal fin on most bass

10 Coney Blue Dots Two dark spots on lower lip Highly variable background color

11 Graysby Rounded tail Dark spots found on base of dorsal fin

12 Creole-fish Slightly forked tail Red blotch at base of pectoral fin 3 dark spots below base of dorsal fin

13 Harlequin bass Dark, vertical stripes

14 Tobacco fish Body is shades of orange to brown Dark C shaped border on tail

15 Red Hind Red blotches on body Dorsal, tail, and anal fin tipped in black

16 Fairy Basslet Distinct yellow and purple coloration Black spot on dorsal fin

17 Greater Soapfish Soaplike toxic mucus Lay on side waiting to gulp unwary prey

18 Goliath Grouper (Jewfish) Largest fish on the reef Small dark spots over body 3-6 feet long

19 Comb Grouper 3-4 lines slope down from eye/cheek to edge of gill cover Heavy “grouper” lips

20 Tiger Grouper “Tiger” stripes but NOT on head Red/brown spots fuse into stripes Often rest in cleaning stations

21 Nassau Grouper 1-2 feet

22 Bass: Hamlets Many color patterns Virtually identical in body shape/size Distinctive brow is straight (uncurved) from eyes down to mouth

23 Barred Hamlet Broad, v-shaped bar on the midbody Flat head easily identifies a hamlet

24 Butter Hamlet Distinct Hamlet slant on brow Large blotch saddles the base of the tail

25 Indigo Hamlet Hamlet forehead; straight slope from dorsal fin to lips Blue body with white bars

26 Shy Hamlet Body outlined in yellow Black dot on nostril outlined in blue

27 Yellowtail Hamlet Yellow tail Hamlet forehead; straight slope from dorsal fin to lips

28 Boxfishes: slow swimmers protected by a triangular bony “box” skeleton just under the skin

29 Smooth Trunkfish Dark body covered with white spots Area of pale honeycomb on midbody NO spines over eyes or under tail

30 Spotted Trunkfish Light body covered with dark spots NO honeycombed pattern No spines over eyes Spines under tail

31 Honeycombed Cowfish Honeycomb pattern all over Spines over eyes and under tail (the cow’s “horns”)

32 Butterflyfish Oval shape Small, protruding mouth Eyes are usually disguised Dorsal and anal fins extend to meet tail fin

33 Banded Butterfly fish Two wide black midbody bands Noticeable butterflyfish mouth

34 Four-eye Butterflyfish Butterfly fish mouth and oval shape Black spot outlined in white

35 Longsnout Butterflyfish Butterfly fish mouth except noticeably elongated

36 Spotfin Butterflyfish One black bar near eye All fins are yellow Black spot on tip of dorsal fin

37 Damselfish

38 Sergeant Major Five black, vertical bars Adults may have yellow on base of dorsal fin

39 Threespot Damselfish Black saddle on top of caudal fin Dark spot on base of pectoral fin Yellow crescent over eye Juvenile:

40 Yellowtail Damselfish Yellow Tail Blue spots running along the surface Juvenile below:

41 Bicolor Damselfish Dark front & White tail portion

42 Dusky Damselfish Adult: Juvenile:

43 Eels Snake-like bodies No bony gill cover (operculum) Highly flexible for hunting inside the reef Many have lost pectoral fins

44 Garden Eels Visible in sand flats Head pointed in the direction of current Will burrow when threatened (only about 4-8 inches exposed)

45 Sharptail Moray Eel Snakelike body Yellow spots on head, grading to white on body 1.5 – 3 feet

46 Goldentail Moray Eel Brown covered with yellow spots

47 Green moray eel 3-5 feet & thick as your leg

48 Grunts Related to snappers, but less toothy Most numerous on reefs with sand flats and seagrass beds Most bear longitudinal stripes Family includes Margates

49 Black Margate High back profile Clear/white pectoral fins Dark tail

50 French Grunt Flattened Ventral surface Yellow bars do not run parallel; instead they meet at the lateral line

51 White Grunt Horizontal stripes absent on body but present on head

52 Bluestriped Grunt Blue stripes on yellow field Black margins on dorsal & tail fins Juvenile:

53 Smallmouthed Grunt 5-6 yellow stripes fins yellow

54 Parrott Fish Very prominent scales “Beak” for grazing algae from reef –listen for the scraping sounds when they feed Dramatic change in appearance from juvenile  adult phase

55 Midnight Parrotfish Parrotfish beak All phases are dark blue BIG

56 Rainbow Parrotfish Parrotfish beak BIG! Juveniles green, adults more colorful

57 Stoplight Parrotfish Adult stage Notice the yellow dot on operculum Juvenile:

58 Striped Parrotfish Dark blue/purple tail has yellow markings Gold stripe behind operculum stops abruptly Juveniles with three black stripes and white belly

59 Princess Parrotfish Yellow or orange stripe on lateral side fades gradually Immature: Black and white stripes along body; often confused with striped parrotfish

60 Queen Parrotfish Blue/Green “make- up” around mouth Blue bar on pect. fin Immature: broad white stripe on lateral surface

61 Greenblotch Parrotfish Deep on reef Green blotch behind gill cover Small Juvenile:

62 Redband Parrotfish Note reddish band from mouth Note black & yellow spot above pectoral fin Juvenile:

63 Puffer Fish Ingest water when agitated –Many have spines that erect when they do this

64 Sharpnose Puffer Pointed nose Blue lines seen around eyes

65 Bandtail Puffer 2 bands on tail, but tail is rarely flared Row of blotches on pure white side

66 Porcupinefish Spots covering body Spots on fin

67 Balloonfish or Spiny Puffer Long Spines on head Dark spots on body Clear fins

68 Rays

69 Southern Stingray Snout & tips of “wings” pointed Note barb on tail 3-5 feet

70 Yellow Stingray Size of a dinner plate Body is round Stinger on tail

71 Spotted Eagle Ray Dolphin-like head Several venomous spines at base of tail ½ feet


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