2Preaching and the Spirit The Bible says that Jesus came preaching in the power of the Spirit.Luke 4:18
3To preach today in Jesus’ name and to do so with power, still requires the enabling presence of the Holy Spirit.
4Before a person preaches he/she needs the anointing! Jesus had it and we need it too.Acts 10:
5What Really is Anointing? * The anointing is the special presence of the Holy Spirit in the and ministry of God’s servant, which produces an inspiring awareness of the divine presence.With the anointing our faculties are enhanced beyond natural abilities.Heightened illuminationCourageWisdomMemoryDiscernmentGuidanceEmotionsIntellectPhysical Performance
6With the full understanding of the anointing the question is not what Preaching is, but what it is supposed to be.
7Preaching should be an event in which the living Word of God is proclaimed in the power of the Holy Spirit.
8In addition, preaching is a dynamic, divine human interaction in which the people of God are nourished for the journey of life, challenged and empowered to serve and to celebrate the present and coming Kingdom of God.
9The preparation of a sermon includes serious effort at effective reading of the Scriptures.
10Approaching the BibleThere are many ways to study the Bible. However, the one who plans to use the Bible as the main tool in preaching, should consider two approaches.
11Inductive and Deductive Approach InductionDiscovers new knowledgeAccumulates the factsExploresAsks questionsDiscovers the truthDeductionClarifies itAsserts the general conceptsExplainsAsserts AnswersDeclares propoganda
12Ralph L. Lewis, Inductive Preaching, 1985 The Gospel Preacher holds truth in such high esteem, he must declare God’s message deductively after he has explored it inductively.Ralph L. Lewis, Inductive Preaching, 1985
13In reality a sermon begins with an idea In reality a sermon begins with an idea. This idea must drive you to the Bible to find a text (textual), a passage (expository) or several texts to support your theme (topical).
14As soon as you identify the text(s) you wish to use, begin with Inductive study. You must not use any other secondary source until you have consulted thoroughly the primary source – Bible.
15Inductive Bible Study consists of three components or parts. Observation – What does the passage say?Interpretation – What does the passage mean?Application – How does the meaning of the passage apply to me?
16Inductive Bible study is not writing the sermon Inductive Bible study is not writing the sermon. It is making preparations for its construction.
17You must therefore begin your inductive study with prayer. AccurateInterpretationAnd correctApplication rest onThe accuracy of yourObservation.You must therefore begin your inductive study with prayer.
18The prayer I recommend is called: Kenotic Meditation: I comes from the Greek word Kenosis found in Phil. 2:5 – 7. It is the emptying of everything so that Christ can fill us.
19Observation: Discovering what it says Identify the contextObserve the obvious: Things easy to see.Take note of words: Work with the text.Deal with the text objectively.Read with a purpose. Ask the 5 W’s and an H.Identify the type of literature.
20The 5 W’s and an H Where was this done? Where will it happen? Why was there a need for it to be written? Why was this mentioned?How is it done? How did it happen?Who wrote it? Who are the major characters?What are the main events? What are the people like?When was it written? When did he/she do it?
21It is now time to write the sermon. What is the first thing you start with?
22What am I hoping to achieve in this Spiritual presentation? Objective or AimWhat am I hoping to achieve in this Spiritual presentation?
23After the objective comes the subject The subject deals with what aspect of the Bible you will be focusing on.Example – Stewardship, 2nd Coming ConversionThe type of sermon that you will be writing will determine when you deal with your topic should follow. If it is expository, you’ll get a more explosive topic after completing the sermon.
24Things to bear in mind Illustrations. Clarity and Coherence. One of the keys to clarity is simplicity.DeliveryEGW “The preacher should present the truth in a clear simple manner.”GW pg.170
25Types of Illustrations Sources of Illustrations Every thing ….PreambleAnalogyAllegoryAnecdoteHistoricalSources of IllustrationsBibleBooks of illustrationsObservation of lifeNewspaperScientific knowledgeNature
26Rules Concerning Illustrations Keep the dignity of the pulpitAvoid stale illustrationsNever explain an illustrationSeek variety.Be careful of allusions to peopleThey are to crystallize the point, not to make people laugh.
27The greatest challenge of preaching is making the profound simple. Clarity and CoherenceThe greatest challenge of preaching is making the profound simple.
28Tips in making it simple Use appropriate words. Get a Thesaurus.RepetitionIllustrate it.Don’t jumble it up. Let sequence dictate. Keep objective before you always.Phrases must be short.
29Delivery It is the most dynamic moment of the preaching experience. It could be joyful or frustrating depending on how well you prepare.Excellence in preparation does not carry with it excellence in delivery.You are not Brooks or Dottin – The delivery of your sermon is a delivery of yourself.
30Delivery deals with the following PoiseStyleVoice&SpeechAppearanceGesturesMethodsPostureEthosPathos
31Appearance Your appearance begins to speak before you begin to preach. Dress Conservatively and neatly. Your attire must not call attention to yourself.Participate and show interest in other aspects of the worship service.Sit comfortable and erect both feet on the floor.
32Poise is one’s emotional stability in the actual delivery of the sermon. Poise is disturbed mostly by ochlophobia – fear of a crowd.Your mentors and other factors include the occasion.
33Ways of improving Poise Be prepared.Believe in what you are saying.Rely on God.Look at the congregation before you preach.Direct eye contact.Hold the desk gently.
34A preacher’s style must be his personality. Style is the manner of expressing thought. The use of the right words in the right place.A preacher’s style must be his personality.
35Three kinds of style called “Completion of Eloquence” Grand Style: Given to the moving of feelings and is characterized by energy.Middle Style: Pleasing and consolidating. Characterized by gentleness.Plain Style: That of stating the facts. Simple style.It should be clear that a preacher is a public speaker not a public reader.
36Improvement of Style By reading. By writing. Listening to good speakers.Obeying the laws of language.
37Voice and Speech Production Deal WithRate - PaceTone - QualityEmphasis - PunchesVolume - LoudnessIntonation - Modulation
38There are four steps in speaking. Respiration – Breathe well. When speaking, inhale quickly but exhale slowly. You must have air in your lungs at all times.Phonation – Vibrating of vocal chords. The length and pitch of your vocal chords determine the pitch. A change of the pitch and the tone is called inflection. Downward inflection – dropping the voice. Upward inflection – asking a question.Resonation -Articulation – Formulation of specific sounds. Clear articulation is essential to every preacher. We need to work on troublesome words.
39Gesture is done with the: GesturesGesture is done with the:EyesHeadHandArms
40Principles for the use of Gestures Varied and not stereo type.Appropriate to the occasion.Motivated from within.Made smoothly, flowing and coordinated.Properly timed.
41The Five Basic Conventional Gestures Index Figure - Location & mild emphasisClenched Fist - Strong and dramatic emphasisPalm up - Begging posture – for appeal.Palm Down - Sign of disapproval. Rejection.Palm Chop - Neutral Statement.
42Methods of Delivery Manuscript - Word for Word. Memory - Prepare, then memorize and deliver word for word.Impromptu - Without specific and detailed preparation.Extemporaneous Short annotated outline.Manex - Manuscript and extemporaneous combine.
43Bradford, “We are not called to preach the times, we are called to preach to the times.” “We must therefore, know what the time is.”“The preacher who carries out a consistent visitation program, will never be in loss for sermons and his sermons will be like arrows that go straight to the mark.”Bradford
44The man who stands up to preach must have something to offer. FinallyThe man who stands up to preach must have something to offer.