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MESOPOTAMIA.  Also known as: THE FERTILE CRESCENT Meaning: “Land Between Two Rivers”  Rivers: TIGRIS and EUPHRATES

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Presentation on theme: "MESOPOTAMIA.  Also known as: THE FERTILE CRESCENT Meaning: “Land Between Two Rivers”  Rivers: TIGRIS and EUPHRATES"— Presentation transcript:

1 MESOPOTAMIA

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3  Also known as: THE FERTILE CRESCENT Meaning: “Land Between Two Rivers”  Rivers: TIGRIS and EUPHRATES s/mesopotamia-the-first-civilization/

4  3300 B.C. Sumerians 1.Dug irrigation ditches – lack of water (Unpredictable flooding combined with periods of little or no rain) 2. Built City Walls – lack of natural barriers 3. Traded – lack of natural resources, especially building materials

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6  Pyramid shaped monument  “mountain of god”  Conducted rituals, sacrifices offerings to gods

7  POLYTHEISTIC  Over 3000 Gods example: ENLIL god of storms/air  Wanted Gods protection in life

8  Long narrative poem celebrating deeds of heroes Ex.) The Epic of Gilgamesh

9 Kings/Priests Wealthy Merchants Workers (majority) Slaves

10  1. Priests/Kings 2. Wealthy Merchants  3. Workers 4. Slaves  Women- more rights than later civilizations – hold property, pursue work, join priesthood, not allowed to attend schools – upper class could read & write

11  WHEEL,SAIL,PLOW WRITING, BRONZE WORKS,NUMBER SYSTEM (60)

12 Sumerians used arithmetic to: 1. Erect city walls & buildings 2. Plan irrigation systems 3. Survey flooded fields

13  ARCHES  COLUMNS  RAMPS  ZIGGURAT

14  Cuneiform  Sumerian writing that consisted of pictographs  Developed a number system based on 60 Ex.) 60 seconds = 1 minute

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16  Babylonian leader who led area to height of power

17  Created the Code of Hammurabi  First major written law code established 282 specific laws dealing with everything that effected the community

18  Different punishments for rich and poor  Punishments often applied the principle of retaliation  Ex.) eye for an eye  codes were engraved on stone pillars and place throughout the empire

19 s/how-the-code-of-hammurabi-worked/

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