Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

High Institute for Engineering & Technology - New Damietta Civil Engineering Department 2014-2015.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "High Institute for Engineering & Technology - New Damietta Civil Engineering Department 2014-2015."— Presentation transcript:

1 High Institute for Engineering & Technology - New Damietta Civil Engineering Department

2 2 2.1 Structural Systems Structures can be classified into two main categories with respect to the way that the loads act on the structure as well as the simplicity of structural analysis: 1-Plane structures. 2-Space structures.

3 3 2.1 Structural Systems The steel structures can be classified according to type of members and their connections in to three categories: 1-Truss structures. 2-Frame structures. 3-Combined truss and frame structures.

4 4 2.1 Structural Systems a – Plane truss

5 5 2.1 Structural Systems b- Single story plane frame

6 6 2.1 Structural Systems c – Multistory plane frame

7 7 2.1 Structural Systems d- Multistory space frame

8 8 2.1 Structural Systems e – Space truss, industrial building

9 9 2.1 Structural Systems f- Space truss, stadium shed

10 Structural Systems We shall concentrate on the design of plane trusses and frames because they are frequently used in steel structures in Egypt. Plane structures have the following advantages: 1-Simple structural system leads to easier structural analysis. 2-Easy and fast fabrication in workshop. 3-Simple connections and fast construction. 4-Structure can be extended in future without any complications.

11 Parts of Plane Steel Building The structure is mainly composed of four main elements: 1-Main (primary) framing system. 2-Secondary members. 3-Wind bracing system. 4-Cladding.

12 Parts of Plane Steel Building

13 Parts of Plane Steel Building - Cladding The construction of the external skin of a building can take several forms, the most prevalent being: (1) Single-skin trapezoidal shell (2) Double-skin trapezoidal shell (3) Standing seam with concealed fixings (4) Composite panels.

14 Parts of Plane Steel Building - Cladding

15 Parts of Plane Steel Building – Secondary Elements Secondary members are mainly: Purlins which carry roof cladding. Side-girts and end-wall-girts which carry wall cladding. A combination of cladding performance, erect-ability and the restraint requirements for economically- designed main frames dictates that the purlin and rail spacing should be 1.5–2m.

16 Parts of Plane Steel Building – Secondary Elements

17 Main Framing Systems

18 Main Framing Systems

19 Main Framing Systems

20 Main Framing Systems

21 Main Framing Systems

22 Main Framing Systems

23 Main Framing Systems

24 Main Framing Systems

25 Main Framing Systems

26 Wind Bracing Systems The main functions of bracing systems are: 1-Resist and horizontal forces in the out-of-plane direction of the main system (long direction of the building). 2-Hold the structure during construction. 3-Reduce buckling length of upper chord out-of-plane. 4-Brace the whole structure in the long direction.

27 Wind Bracing Systems Bracing system must be made in the first and last panels with spacing between 25 – 30 m in the long direction. Horizontal bracing works as a horizontal truss to withstand wind forces and transmit them to the vertical bracing which in turn transmits them to foundation.

28 End Gable It is the system that carries the walls, windows, and doors at the end sections of the building. It consists of: end gable columns that carry the end gable girts (beams) that are carry the cladding, windows, and doors.

29 End Gable The spacing between columns is commonly between (4.0 – 8.0 m). The vertical spacing between girts (1.5 – 2.0 m). Window height is taken (1.0 – 1.5 m). Brick wall height (2.0 – 4.0 m) with minimum thickness (25 cm). They are most of the common forms provide resistance to sidesway forces such as wind loads

30 Structural Layout Structural layout is the drawing that shows the main dimensions and components of the structure. The typical scale of steel layout drawing is usually 1:100 or 1:200 for large areas. The main components that must be shown after removing of all cladding:

31 Structural Layout The main components that must be shown after removing of all cladding: 1-Plan view 2-Elevation view 3-Side view. 4-End gable side view. 5-Intermediate vertical bracing (truss system).

32 Structural Layout

33 Structural Layout

34 Structural Layout

35 Structural Layout

36 Structural Layout

37 Structural Layout

38 Structural Layout

39 Structural Layout


Download ppt "High Institute for Engineering & Technology - New Damietta Civil Engineering Department 2014-2015."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google