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DANCE LECTURE #1 DANCER’S PACKET / HISTORY. THE 3 MAIN SCHOOLS OF TECHNIQUE Italian (Cecchetti): Known for clean, classical lines Virtuosity within a.

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Presentation on theme: "DANCE LECTURE #1 DANCER’S PACKET / HISTORY. THE 3 MAIN SCHOOLS OF TECHNIQUE Italian (Cecchetti): Known for clean, classical lines Virtuosity within a."— Presentation transcript:

1 DANCE LECTURE #1 DANCER’S PACKET / HISTORY

2 THE 3 MAIN SCHOOLS OF TECHNIQUE Italian (Cecchetti): Known for clean, classical lines Virtuosity within a delicate framework French: Known for soft, graceful movements Ornate rococo style (decorative, baroque) Russian: Known for its strength in spacious lines Grand movements and rich style

3 A DANCER’S STANCE Turn-out: -Enables a dancer to move quickly and smoothly in any direction possible -Achieved by using the muscles to rotate the legs from inside the hip sockets -Comes from the hips Pull-up: -long, tall, erect posture -Common mistake: sticking out the ribcage -Correct: shoulder over the hips, stomach lifted, belly button to spine Placement: -Proper alignment throughout the body helps balance and ability to control movement -center

4 STAGE DIRECTIONS

5 FIXED POINTS FOR THE DANCER

6

7 POSITIONS OF THE HEAD lowered inclined raised erect turned

8 POSITIONS OF THE FEET

9 PORT DE BRAS - CECCHETTI

10 PORT DE BRAS - RUSSIAN

11 PORT DE BRAS - FRENCH

12 BODY POSITIONS - CECCHETTI Croise devant A la quatrieme devant A la seconde Epaule ecarte efface A la quatrieme derriere Croise derriere

13 ARABESQUES - RUSSIAN

14 ARABESQUES – FRENCH

15 ARABESQUES - CHECCHETTI First arabesque Second arabesque Third arabesque Fourth arabesque Fifth arabesque

16 TODAY’S INNOVATORS/MODERN DANCE Post modern dance = avant garde = innovative and experimental Doris Humphrey Katherine Dunham Jose Limon Merce Cunningham/John Cage Paul Taylor Alvin Ailey Twyla Tharp Pilobolus Mark Morris

17 POST-MODERN DANCE Modern dance began as a rebellion against ballet. Soon, many artists began to imitate the great modern dance innovators such as Graham and Duncan. This lead to a revolt within modern dance itself. Dances were too “introspective” and and soon, the young dancers trained in the many schools and techniques of modern dance were too proficient in the genre. The original goal of modern dance, to express emotion through gesture, was being lost to the highly trained dancers in the technique. All artists of this time abandoned the practices of their forerunners of the 1930s and 40s and began to rebel against the conventional structures and themes for something more abstract. Artists turned to a more Eastern approach using philosophy and theories of chance in order to break down the barriers between art and life. Words to describe the art of this time (1960s) were, “pop,” “minimal,” “atonal,” collage,” “found art,” or “nonobjective.” Concept was more important that the artwork itself. “Of course you have to have technique– but you don’t have to show it off for its own sake! You must be motivated even to make an entrance on the stage—else why perform at all?” –Pauline Koner, artist from Doris Humphrey’s company

18 DORIS HUMPHREY Early modern dance innovator  2 nd generation of modern dance pioneers Best know for her work, “The Shakers” Trained with Denishawn School; separated and moved to NY with Charles Weidman in 1928 Formed Humphrey-Weidman Company  created “The Shakers” Retired in 1945  became artistic director of Jose Limon Dance Company Her movement explored the ideas of weight and fall and recovery

19 KATHERINE DUNHAM Formed Ballet Negres – 1931 Katherine Dunham Dance Company formed from Ballet Negres Toured during the 1940s  hughly successful “Dancer Katherine the Great” “Queen Mother of Black Dance” Signature work, “Shango”

20 MERCE CUNNINGHAM/JOHN CAGE Born: 1919 – 2009 Began dancing: Moved to NY and studied at the American School of Ballet Soloist with Martha Graham Dance Company Founded his own dance co. in 1953 at Black Mountain College Worked with John Cage throughout his career Created dances by using the Chance Dance method Was part of the founding committee of the choreography computer program called DanceForms Cunningham choreographed, “Points in Space,” in 1986 with composer John Cage, which incorporated film and live dance. Innovative for the time. Took into account the multiple points of view of the camera.


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