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Professional Military Education Initial Entry Training Drill & Ceremony: Close Order Drill.

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Presentation on theme: "Professional Military Education Initial Entry Training Drill & Ceremony: Close Order Drill."— Presentation transcript:

1 Professional Military Education Initial Entry Training Drill & Ceremony: Close Order Drill

2 FM (TC ) 20 JAN 2012 FM (TC ) 20 JAN 2012 References

3 Drill & Ceremony: Close Order Drill Stationary Movements Stationary Movements Terminology Terminology Falling In Falling In Inspection Inspection Marching the Squad Marching the Squad Dismissal Dismissal

4 Stationary Movements Position of Attention Position of Attention Parade Rest Parade Rest At Ease / At Rest At Ease / At Rest Present Arms / Order Arms Present Arms / Order Arms About Face About Face Right / Left Face Right / Left Face Cover / Recover Cover / Recover

5 Heels together, form a 45-degree angle. Heels together, form a 45-degree angle. Keep the legs straight without locking knees. Keep the legs straight without locking knees. Body erect, chest lifted, shoulders square. Body erect, chest lifted, shoulders square. Head erect, face front with chin drawn in Head erect, face front with chin drawn in Let the arms hang straight without stiffness. Let the arms hang straight without stiffness. Curl fingers, tips of the thumbs are alongside and touching the first joint of the forefingers. Curl fingers, tips of the thumbs are alongside and touching the first joint of the forefingers. Thumbs straight along the seams of the trouser Thumbs straight along the seams of the trouser Remain silent and do not move unless directed. Remain silent and do not move unless directed. Stationary Movements: Position of Attention

6 Move left foot about 10 inches to the left. Move left foot about 10 inches to the left. Keep legs straight without locking knees Keep legs straight without locking knees Place the hands at the small of the back and centered on the belt. Place the hands at the small of the back and centered on the belt. Fingers extended, interlock thumbs, right palm outward Fingers extended, interlock thumbs, right palm outward Keep the head and eyes straight ahead Keep the head and eyes straight ahead Remain silent and do not move. Remain silent and do not move. Stationary Movements: Parade Rest

7 STAND AT EASE: Execute Parade Rest, turn the head and eyes directly toward the person in charge of the formation. At Ease or Rest may be executed from this position. AT EASE: Soldier may move; must remain standing and silent with his right foot in place. The Soldier may relax arms with thumbs interlaced. Rest may be executed. REST: Soldier may move, talk, smoke, or drink unless otherwise directed; must remain standing with his right foot in place. AT EASE must be executed from this position. Stationary Movements: Stand at Ease / At Ease / Rest

8 “Left (Right), FACE” On command “FACE,” Slightly raise the right heel and left toe, and turn 90 degrees to the left on the left heel, assisted by a slight pressure on the ball of the right foot. On command “FACE,” Slightly raise the right heel and left toe, and turn 90 degrees to the left on the left heel, assisted by a slight pressure on the ball of the right foot. Keep the left leg straight without stiffness and allow the right leg to bend naturally. Keep the left leg straight without stiffness and allow the right leg to bend naturally. On count two, place the right foot beside the left foot, resuming the Position of Attention. On count two, place the right foot beside the left foot, resuming the Position of Attention. Arms remain at the sides, as in the Position of Attention, throughout this movement Arms remain at the sides, as in the Position of Attention, throughout this movement Stationary Movements: Facing at the Halt

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10 “About, FACE” On command “FACE,” move the toe of the right foot to a point touching the marching surface about half the length of the foot to the rear and slightly to the left of the left heel. On command “FACE,” move the toe of the right foot to a point touching the marching surface about half the length of the foot to the rear and slightly to the left of the left heel. On count two, turn to the right 180 degrees on the left heel and ball of the right foot, resuming the Position of Attention. On count two, turn to the right 180 degrees on the left heel and ball of the right foot, resuming the Position of Attention. Arms remain at the sides, as in the Position of Attention, throughout this movement. Arms remain at the sides, as in the Position of Attention, throughout this movement. Stationary Movements: Facing at the Halt

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12 “Present, ARMS” With headgear with visor, raise the right hand sharply, fingers and thumb extended and joined, palm facing down, and place the tip of the right forefinger on the rim of the visor slightly to the right of the right eye. With headgear with visor, raise the right hand sharply, fingers and thumb extended and joined, palm facing down, and place the tip of the right forefinger on the rim of the visor slightly to the right of the right eye. The outer edge of the hand is barely canted downward so that neither the back of the hand nor the palm is clearly visible from the front. The outer edge of the hand is barely canted downward so that neither the back of the hand nor the palm is clearly visible from the front. Hand and wrist are straight, elbow inclined slightly forward, and upper arm horizontal Hand and wrist are straight, elbow inclined slightly forward, and upper arm horizontal Stationary Movements: Hand Salute

13 “Present, ARMS” With headgear without a visor or uncovered (and not wearing glasses), execute the Hand Salute in the same manner as previously described, except touch the tip of the right forefinger to the forehead near and slightly to the right of the right eyebrow With headgear without a visor or uncovered (and not wearing glasses), execute the Hand Salute in the same manner as previously described, except touch the tip of the right forefinger to the forehead near and slightly to the right of the right eyebrow When wearing glasses, execute the Hand Salute in the same manner as previously described, except touch the tip of the right forefinger to that point on the glasses where the temple piece of the frame meets the right edge of the right brow. When wearing glasses, execute the Hand Salute in the same manner as previously described, except touch the tip of the right forefinger to that point on the glasses where the temple piece of the frame meets the right edge of the right brow. Stationary Movements: Hand Salute

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15 “Order, ARMS” On the command of execution ARMS, return the hand sharply to the side, resuming the Position of Attention On the command of execution ARMS, return the hand sharply to the side, resuming the Position of Attention Stationary Movements: Hand Salute

16 Terminology Formation Arrangement of elements of unit in a prescribed manner Column A formation in which the elements are one behind the other. In platoon, squad members are one behind the other, with the squads abreast of each other. File A column that has a front of one element. Rank Line one element in depth.

17 Line Formation where elements are abreast of each other. Element An individual, squad, section, platoon company, or larger unit forming as part of the next higher unit. IntervalLateral space between soldiers, measured from right to left by the soldier Alignment The arrangement of several elements on the same line Terminology

18 Squad in Line Formation: Element and Interval Terminology

19 Base The element on which a movement is planned or regulated. Cover Aligning oneself directly behind the man to one's immediate front while maintaining correct distance. Head Leading element of a column. Step Distance measured from one heel to the other heel of a marching soldier. Flank The right or left side of any formation within that formation. Terminology

20 Squad in Column: Base, Head, Cover, Step, Flank Terminology

21 Guide Person responsible for maintaining the direction and rate of march. Distance Space between elements when one behind the other; arm's length to the front plus 6” from the chest to the back of the soldiers to the front Front Space from side to side of a formation, including the right and left elements. Post Correct place for an officer or NCO to stand in a formation. Terminology

22 Columns of Two: Guide, Distance, Front, Post Terminology

23 Squad leader comes to the Position of Attention and commands “FALL IN!” Each soldier double-times to position Each soldier double-times to position Right flank soldier positions himself so that when the squad is formed it is three steps in front of and centered on the squad leader Right flank soldier positions himself so that when the squad is formed it is three steps in front of and centered on the squad leader Falling In

24 Right flank soldier comes to Attention, raises left arm at shoulder, elbow locked, in line with the body. Right flank soldier comes to Attention, raises left arm at shoulder, elbow locked, in line with the body. Soldier to the immediate left comes to Attention, turns head and eyes to the right, and raises left arm in the same manner as the right flank soldier. Soldier to the immediate left comes to Attention, turns head and eyes to the right, and raises left arm in the same manner as the right flank soldier. Soldier aligns by taking short steps until on line with right flank soldier. Soldier aligns by taking short steps until on line with right flank soldier. Falling In

25 As soon as the soldier to the left has obtained Normal Interval, each soldier lowers arm to side, sharply turns head and eyes to the front, and assumes the Position of Attention. As soon as the soldier to the left has obtained Normal Interval, each soldier lowers arm to side, sharply turns head and eyes to the front, and assumes the Position of Attention. Right flank soldier then sharply returns to the Position of Attention. Right flank soldier then sharply returns to the Position of Attention. Falling In

26 All other members of the squad form in the same manner except that left flank soldier does not raise left arm. All other members of the squad form in the same manner except that left flank soldier does not raise left arm. Right flank man raises his arm and looks straight to the front unless the squad aligns on an element to right. Right flank man raises his arm and looks straight to the front unless the squad aligns on an element to right. Falling In

27 Close Interval Formation is same as Normal Interval, except that command is At Close Interval, FALL IN. Formation is same as Normal Interval, except that command is At Close Interval, FALL IN. Soldiers place the heel of left hand on the left hip even with the waist, elbow in line with the body and touching the arm of the soldier to the left Soldiers place the heel of left hand on the left hip even with the waist, elbow in line with the body and touching the arm of the soldier to the left Falling In

28 Column Formation is same as Normal Interval, except that Squad leader faces the proposed flank of the column and commands In Column, FALL IN. Formation is same as Normal Interval, except that Squad leader faces the proposed flank of the column and commands In Column, FALL IN. Correct distance between soldiers in column formation is one arm’s length plus 6 inches Correct distance between soldiers in column formation is one arm’s length plus 6 inches Falling In

29 Line formation: Count, OFF: Executed from right to left. Executed from right to left. Each member, except the right flank, turns head and eyes to the right Each member, except the right flank, turns head and eyes to the right Right flank counts off “ONE.” Right flank counts off “ONE.” Soldier to left counts off with the next number and turns his head to front. Soldier to left counts off with the next number and turns his head to front. All execute count-off in same manner. All execute count-off in same manner. Falling In

30 Column formation: Count, OFF: Executed from front to rear. Executed from front to rear. Soldier at head of column turns head and eyes to the right and counts over his shoulder, “ONE.” Soldier at head of column turns head and eyes to the right and counts over his shoulder, “ONE.” Comes to the Position of Attention. Comes to the Position of Attention. Members count in same manner Members count in same manner Last does not turn head to the right. Last does not turn head to the right. Falling In

31 Opening ranks for inspection: Command: Open Ranks, MARCH. First rank: two 30” steps forward Second rank: one 30” step forward Third rank: stands fast Fourth rank: two 15” steps backward Opening ranks for inspection: Command: Open Ranks, MARCH. First rank: two 30” steps forward Second rank: one 30” step forward Third rank: stands fast Fourth rank: two 15” steps backward Inspection

32 Command: Dress Right, DRESS: Right flank soldier stands fast. Right flank soldier stands fast. Others turn head and eyes to the right. Others turn head and eyes to the right. Each, except the left flank, extends left arm at shoulder, palm down. Each, except the left flank, extends left arm at shoulder, palm down. Adjusts until touches right shoulder. Adjusts until touches right shoulder. On command of Ready, FRONT, returns to the Position of Attention On command of Ready, FRONT, returns to the Position of Attention Inspection

33 Squad Leader adjusts alignment: Marches to one step from the right flank soldier and faces down the line. Marches to one step from the right flank soldier and faces down the line. Verifies alignment, directing to move forward or backward, as necessary Verifies alignment, directing to move forward or backward, as necessary Takes short steps to the right or left as necessary to see down the squad. Takes short steps to the right or left as necessary to see down the squad. Posts and commands Ready, FRONT. Posts and commands Ready, FRONT. Inspection

34 Closing ranks after inspection: Command: Close Ranks, MARCH. First rank: four 15” steps backwards Second rank: two 15” steps backwards Third rank: stands fast Fourth rank: one 30” step forward Closing ranks after inspection: Command: Close Ranks, MARCH. First rank: four 15” steps backwards Second rank: two 15” steps backwards Third rank: stands fast Fourth rank: one 30” step forward Inspection

35 All marching movements executed from the Halt are initiated from the Position of Attention. All marching movements executed from the Halt are initiated from the Position of Attention. Except for Route Step March and At Ease March, all marching movements are executed while marching at Attention. Except for Route Step March and At Ease March, all marching movements are executed while marching at Attention. When executed from the Halt, all steps except Right Step begin with the left foot. When executed from the Halt, all steps except Right Step begin with the left foot. Marching the Squad

36 Commander may designate number of steps forward, backward, or sideward: One step to the right (left), MARCH Commander may designate number of steps forward, backward, or sideward: One step to the right (left), MARCH Marching movements are in the cadence of Quick Time (120 steps per min.), except the 30-inch step, in the cadence of 180 steps per min. on the command Double Time, MARCH. Marching movements are in the cadence of Quick Time (120 steps per min.), except the 30-inch step, in the cadence of 180 steps per min. on the command Double Time, MARCH. All 15-inch steps are executed for a short distance only. All 15-inch steps are executed for a short distance only. Marching the Squad

37 Mark Time, MARCH Command is given as either foot strikes the marching surface Command is given as either foot strikes the marching surface On MARCH, take one more step, bring the trailing foot alongside the leading foot, and begin to march in place. On MARCH, take one more step, bring the trailing foot alongside the leading foot, and begin to march in place. Raise each foot (alternately) 2 inches Raise each foot (alternately) 2 inches Soldier adjusts position to ensure proper alignment and cover Soldier adjusts position to ensure proper alignment and cover Marching the Squad

38 Change step, MARCH Executed automatically whenever a Soldier finds himself out of step with all other members of the formation. Executed automatically whenever a Soldier finds himself out of step with all other members of the formation. Command is given on the right step. On MARCH, take one more step with the left foot, then in one count place the right toe near the heel of the left foot and step off again with the left foot. The arms swing naturally. Command is given on the right step. On MARCH, take one more step with the left foot, then in one count place the right toe near the heel of the left foot and step off again with the left foot. The arms swing naturally. Marching the Squad

39 Rear, MARCH Used to change the direction of a marching element 180 degrees Used to change the direction of a marching element 180 degrees Command is given on the right step. Command is given on the right step. On MARCH, take one more step with the left foot, pivot 180 degrees to the right on the balls of both feet, and step off in the new direction taking a 30-inch step with the trail foot. On MARCH, take one more step with the left foot, pivot 180 degrees to the right on the balls of both feet, and step off in the new direction taking a 30-inch step with the trail foot. Marching the Squad

40 Column Right (or Left), MARCH Lead faces to the right (left) by pivoting to the right (left) on the ball of the right foot and steps off in the indicated direction by 90° Lead faces to the right (left) by pivoting to the right (left) on the ball of the right foot and steps off in the indicated direction by 90° Each continue with 30” steps and pivots in the same place until the entire squad has executed the column movement. Each continue with 30” steps and pivots in the same place until the entire squad has executed the column movement. Marching the Squad

41 Column Half Right (or Left), MARCH Lead faces to the right (left) by pivoting to the right (left) on the ball of the right foot and steps off in the indicated direction by 45° Lead faces to the right (left) by pivoting to the right (left) on the ball of the right foot and steps off in the indicated direction by 45° Each continue with 30” steps and pivots in the same place until the entire squad has executed the column movement. Each continue with 30” steps and pivots in the same place until the entire squad has executed the column movement. Marching the Squad

42 Right (Left) Flank, MARCH Command is given as the foot in the desired direction strikes the surface Command is given as the foot in the desired direction strikes the surface MARCH is given the next time the foot in the desired direction strikes the surface. MARCH is given the next time the foot in the desired direction strikes the surface. Take one more step, pivot 90° in that direction on ball of lead foot, and step off in the new direction with the trailing foot. Take one more step, pivot 90° in that direction on ball of lead foot, and step off in the new direction with the trailing foot. Glance out of the corner of the right eye and dress to the right. Glance out of the corner of the right eye and dress to the right. Marching the Squad

43 Incline Left (Right), MARCH To avoid obstacles in line of march, lead soldier inclines left (or right) around the obstacle and resumes the original direction. To avoid obstacles in line of march, lead soldier inclines left (or right) around the obstacle and resumes the original direction. All other members follow the lead man. All other members follow the lead man. Marching the Squad

44 Column of Twos to the Right (or Left), MARCH. On preparatory command, the lead team leader commands STAND FAST. On preparatory command, the lead team leader commands STAND FAST. Trailing team leader commands Column Half Right (Left). Trailing team leader commands Column Half Right (Left). On MARCH, trailing team leader executes a Column Half Right (Left), inclines to the left or right when the correct interval is obtained, and commands Mark time, MARCH and Team, HALT to Halt abreast of the lead team leader. On MARCH, trailing team leader executes a Column Half Right (Left), inclines to the left or right when the correct interval is obtained, and commands Mark time, MARCH and Team, HALT to Halt abreast of the lead team leader. Marching the Squad

45 File from the Left (Right), MARCH. On preparatory command, lead team leader commands FORWARD. On preparatory command, lead team leader commands FORWARD. Trailing team leader commands STAND FAST. Trailing team leader commands STAND FAST. On MARCH, lead team marches forward. On MARCH, lead team marches forward. Trailing leader commands Column Half Left (Right) when the second man from the rear of the lead team is abreast. Trailing leader commands Column Half Left (Right) when the second man from the rear of the lead team is abreast. He gives the command MARCH when the last man of the lead team is abreast of him and his right foot strikes the marching surface. He follows lead team. He gives the command MARCH when the last man of the lead team is abreast of him and his right foot strikes the marching surface. He follows lead team. Marching the Squad

46 Team Leader Commands are given over right shoulder if direction of movement is to the right or if the team is following an element to its right. Team Leader Commands are given over right shoulder if direction of movement is to the right or if the team is following an element to its right. Team Leader Commands are given over left shoulder if direction of movement is to the left or if the team is following an element to its left. Team Leader Commands are given over left shoulder if direction of movement is to the left or if the team is following an element to its left. FM , 3-4 b., page 27 Marching the Squad

47 The squad is dismissed while at Attention. The squad is dismissed while at Attention. The command is DISMISSED. The command is DISMISSED. Soldiers take one step back and perform an About Face Soldiers take one step back and perform an About Face Unless otherwise directed, the command DISMISSED terminates only the formation, not the duty day Unless otherwise directed, the command DISMISSED terminates only the formation, not the duty day Dismissal

48 Questions? Professional Military Education Initial Entry Training


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