Presentation on theme: " Racing horses is the largest spectator sport in the world In the 1800s and early 1900s horses were used for power and transportation The United."— Presentation transcript:
Racing horses is the largest spectator sport in the world In the 1800s and early 1900s horses were used for power and transportation The United States had 20 million horse in the 1900s In 1977 – 9 million horses In the late 1980s fewer than 6 million In 2004 horse numbers have increased to 6.6 million
Uses – work, companions, and hobbies, as well as animal-pull events. Animals used for - draft, horses, oxen, donkeys, mules, camels, and buffalo. , mules, camels, and buffalo.
Mare – mature female horse 4 + years Stallion – mature male horse 4 + years Foaling – giving birth in horses Foal – young horse either sex; not weaned Stud horse – male horse used of breeding Filly – young female horse under 3 years Colt – young male horse under 3 years Gelding – castrated male horse
Use Price range Disposition Size Gait Breed Color
Normal Breeding Artificial Insemination Parturition – best sign of parturition udder is distended Care after parturition – imprinting
Oxen – Duration of their cycle – 12-20 hours every 21 days. Gestation – 9 months 270-295 days Draft Horses – puberty at 12-15 months, estrous cycle is every 21 days, heat is 4-6 days in length; gestation is 11 months or 330-340 days. Draft Capacity – can pull 1/10 of its body weight Draft Animal Selection – Social ranking in herd
Concentrates – Grains (oats, corn, and barley) Monogastric One pound of grain for every 1000 pounds of horse per day Colic – common problem if over feeding concentrates Forages – pasture or hay. 1-2 pounds for each 100 pounds of body weight each day. One horse per 3 acres on which to graze. Supplement minerals and vitamins Water – clean and plenty of it (10-12 gallons per day)