Presentation on theme: "There are over three hundred breeds of goats around the world"— Presentation transcript:
1There are over three hundred breeds of goats around the world There are over three hundred breeds of goats around the world. The breeds covered in this unit represent the most common breeds in the United States and are recognized by the largest recognized breed organizations. Many of the breeds mentioned can be considered dual purpose breeds. For the purposes of this unit they have been placed into the category they are most commonly recognized for.Four Goat Types
2Meat Breeds BOER Lop ears Red or black head, white body From South Africa, to US in 1993Known for rapid growth, excellent carcass quality, and adaptability
3Meat Goat Breeds SPANISH Descendants of goats brought to the U.S. by early New England settlers (ancestry is as mixed up as that of a mongrel dog)Almost any color, usually left hornedEars are somewhat pendulous but shorter than a Nubian’s
4Meat Goat Breeds TENNESSEE MEAT GOAT “Wood leg” or “fainting goat” Many color combinations and have airplane ears (shaped like Alpine ears but not erect, instead they jut out sideways)
5Meat Goat BreedsKIKOProduced in New Zealand by taking feral does that exhibited good meat conformation and breeding them with Saanen and Nubian bucks to increase their milk yield and butterfat contentSimilar ears to Spanish goats but are usually larger framed
6Meat Goat MarketGoat holds a significant meaning in the observances of many religions and are a dietary staple in many countries. In the U.S., the largest consumers of lamb are Middle Easterners, Greeks, and Hispanics.
7Dairy Breed ALPINES Originated in the Alps No distinct color - ranges from pure white through shades of fawn, gray, brown, black, red, piebald, or various shadings or combinations of these colorsFace is straightGood milkersShort hairLarge sizeRangy look
8Dairy Goat Breeds LA MANCHA Originated in Oregon Short-eared goat High milk production butterfat milkFace is straight“Gopher” or “elf” earsAny color
9Dairy Goat Breeds NIGERIAN DWARF Smallest of all the recognized dairy breedsNose is straightEars are uprightCoat is soft with short to medium hairAny color or combination of colors
10Dairy Goat Breeds OBERHALSI Swiss dairy goat Color is chamois (medium to grayish yellow)Does may be black but chamois is preferred
11Dairy Goat Breeds SAANEN Originated in Switzerland, in the Saanen ValleyHeavy milk producers and usually yield 3-4 percent milk fatWhite or light cream in color (white is preferred)Ears should be erect and alertly carried, preferably pointing forwardFace should be straight or dishedShort, fine hairDo best in cool conditions
12Dairy Goat Breeds TOGGENBURG Swiss dairy goat Oldest known dairy goat breedExcellent udder development, high milk productionColor is solid varying from light fawn to dark chocolate with no preference for any shadeDistinct white markings on the face and legsMedium sizedErect ears
13Dairy Goat Breeds NUBIAN Most common goat in the world All purpose breed – meat, milk, and hide productionNot a heavy milk producer but has high average butter fat contentVery long, pendulous ears that hang close to the headAlways short-hairedRoman nose (prominent upper part or bridge)Any solid or parti-colored coat is permitted but black, red or tan are the most common
14-Produce 5 pounds of milk a day -Supply 1.8% of the worlds milk supply-Has more minerals than cow milk & is easier for elderly and children to digest
15Cheese is the most common made dairy goat product in the United States. It is shipped across the world. However, most goat milk cheese is still made in Europe.Most cheeses are sold as a gourmet product.Goat Cheese
16Goat Milk Pasteurized goat milk is sold in every state. About half the states allows raw goats milk sold. South Carolina as of 2005 allows the selling of raw milk.The raw milk has the benefit of enzymes that help absorption of nutrients and digestion without many illnesses associated with cow’s milk (Lactose intolerance).The primary markets for the milk are people who can not drink cow’s milk, people with ulcers and babies with failure to thrive syndrome.
17SoapSoap is often a side product that dairies use their out dated or oversupply of milk to produce.The soap can have scents added but is best known as very mild and healing to damaged skin when produced in its unscented and uncolored form.Many dairies make small decoratively wrapped bars and sell them to bed & breakfast businesses as gift baskets.
18Fiber Goats ANGORA Originated in the district of Angora in Asia Minor Dates back prior to early biblical historyWell adapted to areas not fit for other livestockAlmost totally maturityProduce up to 7 pounds of mohair a yearHorned with long, droopy earsBucks weigh pounds, does weigh between pounds (at maturity)
19Fiber Goat Breeds CASHMERE This fiber is so luxurious that the Arc of the Covenant of the Old Testament was lined and curtained with itFirst Cashmere goats were imported from Australia and New Zealand in the late 1980'sLarge demand b/c fiber is in short supplySolid colored are preferred but multicolored are used too
21Hobby Goat Breeds PYGMY Originated in West Africa All body colors are acceptable, the predominate coloration is a grizzled (agouti) pattern produced by the intermingling of light and dark hairs, of any color16-23 inches the withersHornedAny color or combinationMainly used for 4H or FFA projects, research, pets, or in zoo exhibits