3Delaine-Merino Origin Spain Hardy long lived gregarious, & adapted to usassisted lambing.Adaptable to warm climates & under relatively poor feeding conditionsMed size & moderate growth rateHighest quality & finest fleecesFine wool breed
4Rambouillet Sheep Origin in France Descended from Spanish MerinoDominate commercial range sheep industry~50% of all sheep in US carry some Rambouillet breedingAdaptable to various climates & forage conditionsLarge, rugged fast growing, long lived, gregarious sheepAcceptable meat conformationFemales are polled but males usually have long spiral hornsProduce fine-quality fleeces with long staple, fair density, good uniformity & moderate shrinkage.
6Suffolk Sheep Suffolk county, England Southdown X Norfolk Highly adapted to farm-flock productionProduce high quality, heavy-muscled carcassesNoted for alertness & active dispostionUnsurpassed as a grazer & rustlerEwes are excellent mothersHighest # of registered sheep in USSolid black head and legs
8Hampshire Sheep Origin in England Southdown X Cotswold X Wiltshire & Berkshire KnotEctensively used for crossbred lamb productionRenowned for rapid growth rate & excellent meat-typeEwes good milkers with good maternal instinctsHave wool-cap on forehead and wool on legsMedium wool breed
9Shropshire Sheep Orginated in western England Excellent utility breed in farm flock operationsNoted for good crossing ablityHardy, early-maturing, long lived, prolific, easy lambers, good milkers, & good mothers.Produce meaty, heavy musceled carcasses at light weightsMore wool on head and legs that HampsOriginally smaller than HampsMedium wood breed
10Southdown Sheep Origin in England Oldest & smallest of Down breeds Early maturingAdapable to varied & wet climatesNoted for ability to produce very heavy-muscled carcassesMouse brown on muzzle and legsBlack nose and hoovesShort ears w/ woolMedium wool breed
11Dorset Sheep Origin in southern England Both horned and polled strains Is not a down breedBoth horned and polled strainsHardy and long livedOut of season breedersCan produce more than 1 lamb crop per year.Noted for prolificacy & heavy milk productionWhite head and legsPink nose and white hoovesMedium wool
13Cheviot Sheep Origin in Scotland Developed for hardiness, viratliy, ablility to withstant very cold climates and heavy snow.Easy lambers/good mothers with exceptional maternal instinctsSmall breed with rapid growth ratesDo not herd well-not gregariousVery erect earsWhite face and legsBlack nose and hoovesContributed to several composite breeds
15Columbia Sheep First breed developed in US 1912 WY Lincoln X RambouilletHardy sheep, adapted for use on better ranges in western USEwes are prolific, good mothersLambs are acceptable meat typeBoth sexes are polled and posses good herding instinctWhite face and legsPink nose and white hoovesMedium wool
16Corriedale Sheep Origin in New Zealand Lincoln & Leicester rams X Merino ewesGregarious & early maturingHighly efficientMid-length breeding seasonGood prolificacy & milking abilityMed to large is sizeWool noted for exceptional length, brightness, softness, & distinctive crimpBlack nose and hoovesMedium wool
17Barbados Blackbelly Sheep Origins in AfricaIntroduced to Caribbean region in 1500’sResistant to parasitesTolerates low-grade forageUsed for brush controlOut of season breederHair sheep
18Dorper Sheep Origin in South Africa Blackhead Persian X Dorset Highly fertile & very prolificLong breeding seasonhardy; adaptable to hot, dry, humid, & cold conditionsNon-selective grazersLamps have a rapid growth rates & yield heavy-muscled carcasses
19Katahdin Sheep Originated in Maine St. Croix X Suffolk X Wiltshire HornExcellent maternal instincts, prolific, & good milk producers.Usually tolerant to heat and humidity, as well as cold environmentsLargest of hair-sheep breedsProduce lean, well-muscled carcasses with excellent meat flavorHair sheep
20St. Croix Sheep Origin in Virgin Islands Climate adaptable early maturing (puberty at 6-7 months) fertile, and excellent foragers.Docile, calm temperment, with good flocking instincts.Rams have a large throat ruff.Hair sheep
22Alpine Goat Originated in Alps between Switzerland & France May range in color from pure white to shades of gray, brown, black, or red.Bucks have a patch of long hair along the spine & beards of males are quite pronounced.Ears should be of med. size and erect.Females are excellent milkers, with large, well-shaped udders.Alpine goats are hardy, adaptable animals that thrive in any climate while maintaining excellent health and production.
24LaMancha GoatLaMancha goats actually originated from Oregon form Spanish milk goats.Excellent dairy temperament & is an all-around sturdy animal that can withstand a great deal of hardship & still produce.2 types of LaMancha ears.Gopher ear- Max. length of 1in. but preferably non-existent; end of ear must be turned up or down.Elf ear- max. 2in. & end of ear must be turned up or turned down.
25Nubian GoatOriginated in England from crossing British goats with bucks of African & Indian origin.Takes its name from the Nubia area in northeastern AfricaIs an all-purpose goat (useful for meat, milk, & hide production)Is not a heavy milker, but has a high avg. butterfat content (4-5%)Very long pendulous ears that hang close to head.Forming bell shapeVery distinct nose.
26Oberhasli GoatSwiss dairy goat that is med. size, vigorous, & alert in appearance.Color is chamois (ranging from a light to a deep red bay)Must have 2 black strips down the face from eye to muzzle & a continuous black stripe along the neck and down the back; legs should be black from the knee/hock down.
27Saanen Goat Dairy goat orginating in the Saanen Valley of Switzerland Does are heavy milk producers (3-4% butterfat)Saanens are white to light creamEars are erect and alertly carried (preferably pointing forward)Face should be straight to slightly dished
28Toggenburg GoatAnother Swiss dairy breed orginated in the Toggenburg valley.Credited as the olderst known dairy goat breedSmallest of the Alpine breedsSolid colored with withre ears with a dark spot in the middle2 white stripes down face; hind legs white from hocks to hooves; a white triangle on either side of the tail; forelegs white from knees downward.Noted for excellent udder development & high milk production
29Angora GoatOriginated in the district of Angora in Asia Minor prior to early Biblical historyAngora goats produce mohairMohair is a much smoother surface & very thin, smooth scale compared to wool.Market favors very fine hair, normally shorn form young goats.Angora does are not prolific (60-70% kidding rate)Delicate animals very susceptible to internal parasites and cold weather
30Boer GoatOrginated from indigenous goats of the Namaque Hottentots & Bantu tribes in AfricaRecently introduced to the US (1990’s)Boer goats are primarly meat goatsIt is horned with lop ears and shows a variety of colors.Excellent weaning weightsPuberty is reached early ~6 months in males and 10 months in females
31Spanish GoatBrought to US by Coronado, De Soto & other Spanish explorers.Spanish or Brush goats are terms used to describe goats of unknown ancestry.Are the primary source of goat meat.
32Myotonic GoatNervous Goats, Wooden-Leg Goats, Scare Goats, Fainting Goats, and Tennessee Fainting GoatsDocile temperamentMyotonia congenita leading to stiffness and muscularityAbundance of high quality muscleGood adaptation to low-input forage-based feeding systemsAll colors are acceptable, all combinations, and all patterns or markings.multi-purpose goat derived from a variety of strains of goats that were originally from Tennessee
34The stiffness of these goats relates to their myotonia congenita, which is an essential portion of the breed type. The various levels of stiffness vary.1. Never observed to stiffen, but other type traits are consistent as is pedigree.2. Very rarely stiffens, never falls.3. Stiffens only occasionally, and rarely falls.4. Walks normally with no swivel. The rear limbs lock up readily, the forelimbs less so, and goats with this degree of stiffness rarely fall to the ground.5. Animal walks relatively normally, although somewhat stiff in rear and with a swivel at the hip. Readily stiffens when startled or stepping over a barrier.6. Animal always moves stiffly to some degree, and readily becomes “locked up” when startled or stepping over a low barrier.
36Pigs Yorkshire Landrace Chester White Duroc Hampshire Pietrain BerkshirePoland China PigSpotted Poland China PigTamworth PigHerefordVietnamese Potbelly
37Yorshire Pig Maternal breed Very large in size White with erect ears Very prolificExcellent mothersLargest # of registers in USBrought to US in 1830 & breed society est. in 1883.
38Landrace Pig Extremely long bodied White in color w/ large drooping ears set close to headSows very prolificHeavy milkersSatisfactory mothersBrought to US in 1934
39Chester White Pig White w/ small droopy ears Very hardy Efficient gainersProduce excellent carcass compositionProlificBad mothersOriginated in Chester County, Penn
40Duroc Pig Can be a wide variety of red colors Droopy ears Excellent carcass composition and qualityGood growth rateCross between the Berkshire and the Jersey Reds2nd highest # in registrations.Originated in Eastern US developed in NY
41Hampshire Pig Black with white belly Erect ears Noted for foraging ability, hardy vigor & carcass composition.Oldest original early American Breen of swine1st recognized in Kentucky4th highest in # registered
42Pietrain Pig White w/ black spots Lights pigmentation around spots Erect ears/ med sizeExcellent carcass compositionQuick maturating & slow growingBrought to US to improve carcass traits for the health conscience consumers.
43Berkshire Pig Multipurpose breed Black w/ erect ears/ 6 white points Good mothersGrowth efficientExcellent carcass quality3rd highest in # registeredBrought to US in 1823
44Poland China Pig Black with 6 white points Droopy ears Very prolific Rugged but quiet in dispositionMarked at the poorest mothers
45Spotted Poland China Pig Originated from the Poland China in OhioImproved feed efficiency, rate of gain, and carcass advantageAdds productivity gentleness and durability.
46Tamworth Pig Orginated in Ireland Called the Irish Grazer Bacon type carcassesRed in color that varies from golden to deep redExcellent mothersRugged and thrifty breed.
47Hereford Pig First developed by R.U. Webber in Missouri Duroc X Chester WhiteRed in colorWhite faceAt least 2 white legsFair mothers, good feeders and fatten quickly1920’s when Hereford strain was developed and registered.
48Vietnamese Potbelly Pig Average wt lbs.Full grown in 5 yearsSolid black to white and various spots betweenDwarf breed developed in 1960’s1986 first year to sell in US and became the alternative to dog and cat pets.