2 IntroductionFalls are the second leading cause of occupational fatalities and disabling injuries in the United States.Each year, over 500 workers die in fall- related accidents.Over 300,000 workers suffer a disabling injury.Most of these accidents occur from falls from elevations of _____ feet or less.
3 Fall Protection Requirements Duty to have fall ProtectionFall Protection systems criteria and practices
4 1926.501 - Duty to have Fall Protection All fall protection required by this section shall conform to the criteria set forth inThe employer shall determine if the walking/working surfaces on which its employees are to work have the strength and structural integrity to support employees safely.
5 Duty to have Fall Protection Unprotected sides and edges. Each employee on a walking/working surface (horizontal & vertical surface) with an unprotected side or edge which is 6’ or more above a lower level shall be protected from falling by the use of guardrail systems, safety net systems, or personal fall arrest systems (PFAS).
6 BackgroundThe standard identifies 15 areas or activities where some type of fall protection is needed if the potential fall distance is six feet or greater
7 Areas/activities covered: Leading edges (different levels)Hoist areasHoles (including skylights)Ramp, runways & other walkwaysExcavationsOverhead bricklaying & related workWall openings
8 Areas/activities covered: RoofingWalking/Working surfaces not otherwise addressed
9 ExceptionThe provisions of this sections do not apply when employees are making an inspection, investigation, or assessment of workplace conditions prior to the actual start of work or after all work has been completed.
10 Leading EdgeDefinition--The edge of a floor, roof, or formwork for a floor or other walking/working surface (such as the deck) which changes location as additional floor, deck, etc. is added. A leading edge is considered to be an “unprotected side & edge” during periods when it is not actively under construction.
11 Leading EdgeEach employee who is constructing a leading edge 6’ or more above lower levels shall be protected from falling unless the employer can demonstrate it creates a greater hazard to use a fall protection system.
12 Leading EdgeEach employee on walking/working surfaces shall be protected from falling through holes (including skylights) more than 6 feet above lower levels, by Personal Fall Arrest Systems (PFAS), covers, or guardrail systems erected around such holes.
13 HolesEach employee on walking/working surfaces shall be protected from falling through holes (including skylights) more than 6 feet above lower levels by PFAS, covers, or guardrail systems.Employees shall be protected from tripping in or stepping into holes and from objects falling through holes.
14 ExcavationsExcavations. Each employee at the edge of an excavation 6 feet or more in depth shall be protected from falling by guardrail systems, fences, or barricades when the excavation are not readily seen because of plant growth or other visual barrier.
15 ExcavationsExcavations. Each employee at the edge of a well, pit, shaft, and similar excavation 6’ or more in depth shall be protected from falling by guardrail systems, fences, barricades, or covers.
16 Low-Slope roofs Definition—a slope ≤ to 4” to 12” Working 6’ or more above lower level shall be protected from falling byGuardrail systemSafety net systemPersonal fall arrest systemWarning line and one of the aboveWarning line and safety monitoring system
17 Steep RoofsEach employee on a steep roof with unprotected sides and edges 6’ or more above lower levels shall be protected from falling by guardrail systems with toe boards, safety net systems, or PFAS.
24 Protection from Falling Objects When an employee is exposed to falling objects, the employer shall have each employee wear a hard hat and shall implement one of the following:Erect Toe boards, screens or guardrail…Erect a canopyBarricade the area
25 1926.502 Fall protection systems… General Requirement: Fall Protection must be provided and installed before the employee begins the work that requires fall protection.
26 Fall Protection Systems Guardrail systemsSafety Net systemsPersonal fall arrest systems (PFAS)Positioning device systemsWarning line systemsControlled access systemSafety monitoring system
27 Personal Fall Arrest System PFAS is a system to arrest an employee in a fall and consists of an anchorage, connectors, body belt or body harness and may include a lanyard, deceleration device, lifeline, or combination of these.The use of a body belt for fall arrest is prohibited!
28 Personal Fall Arrest System Personal fall arrest systems (PFAS) and their use shall comply with the provisions covering Connectors; Dee-rings; Snaphooks; Webbing; Lifelines; Lanyards; Ropes; Anchorages; etc.Specific details pertaining to the above can be found in 29CFR (d).
29 Personal Fall Arrest System The attachment point of the body harness shall be located in the center of the wearer’s back near shoulder level, or above the wearer’s head.PFAS and components subjected to impact loading shall be immediately removed from service and not used again and until inspected by competent person to be undamaged & suitable for reuse.
30 Personal Fall Arrest System PFAS shall be inspected prior to each use for wear, damage and other deterioration, and defective components shall be removed from service.PFAS shall not be attached to guardrails or used to hoist materials
31 Competent PersonConstruction personnel who will be responsible for supervision on job sites where fall hazards exist. Knows OSHA competent person requirements for fall protection, fall hazard identification, how to select the proper protective system and the importance of planning for fall protection.
32 Safety Monitoring System Safety Monitoring System is:a safety system in which a competent person is responsible for recognize fall hazards.Shall warn the employee when it appears the employee is unaware of a fall hazard or is acting in an unsafe manner.
33 Safety Monitoring System The Monitor:Shall be on the same walking/working surface and within visual sighting distance of the employee being monitored.Shall be close enough to communicate orally with the employee.Shall NOT have other responsibilities which could take the monitor’s attention from the monitoring function.
34 Safety Monitoring System Mechanical equipment shall not be used or stored in areas where safety monitoring systems are being used to monitor emp.No employee, other than an employee engaged in roofing work [on low-sloped roofs] or an employee covered by a fall protection plan, shall be allowed in an area where an employee is being protected by a safety monitor system.
35 Safety Monitoring System Each employee working in a controlled access zone shall be directed to comply promptly with fall hazard warnings from safety monitors.
36 Ladder Safety and Support Systems Examples of “some” of the locations that can be on campus
37 Ladder Safety – Fall Protection Light Pole at Williams football stadium.Notice vertical wire cable
38 Ladder Safety – Fall Protection Light Pole at Williams football stadium.Notice vertical wire cable
39 Ladder Safety – Fall Protection Light poles east of outdoor track
40 Ladder Safety – Fall Protection Light Pole east of outdoor trackNotice vertical wire cable
41 Ladder Safety and Support Systems All safety devices must be capable of withstanding, without failure, a drop test consisting of a 500 pound weight.All safety devices must permit the worker to ascend or descend without continually having to hold, push, or pull any part of the device, leaving both hands free for climbing
42 Ladder Safety and Support Systems All safety devices must be activated within 2 feet after a fall occurs, and limit the descending velocity of an employee to 7 feet/second or less.The connection between the carrier or lifeline and the point of attachment to the body belt or harness must not exceed 9 inches in length.
43 Ladder Safety DevicesMountings for rigid carriers must be attached at each end of the carrier, with intermediate mountings, spaced along the entire length of the carrier, to provide the necessary strength to stop workers’ falls.
44 Rope GrabDef. - Is a deceleration device which travels on a lifeline and automatically, by friction, engages the lifeline and locks so as to arrest the fall of an employee. A rope grab usually employs the principle of inertial locking, cam/level locking, or both.
45 Self-retracting lifeline/lanyard Def. – Is a deceleration device containing a drum-wound line which can be slowly extracted from, or retracted onto, the drum under slight tension during normal employee movement, and which, after onset of a fall, automatically locks the drum and arrests the fall.
46 Steps to followDetermine if walking/working surfaces are structurally safeConduct a fall protection hazard assessmentEliminate the need for fall protection if possibleSelect the appropriate type of fall protection system
47 Steps to follow Develop rescue & retrieval procedures May involve calling “911”Contact your supervisor if you have any questions!