Presentation on theme: "Apetale Bisexuales (Hermaphrodite)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Apetale Bisexuales (Hermaphrodite) It is divided into 4 ORDERs:PiperalesAristolochialesPolygonalescentrospermales
2 PiperalesA group of herbs, shrubs, and small trees found primarily in the tropics.Piperales have tiny flowers that have no petals at allThe miniscule flowers are densely clustered in long spikes.Many species are aromatic, producing fragrant or spicy smells.
3 PiperaceaeHabit: woody-volubilis ( liana ) plants (herbs, shrubs and small trees) native to tropics. comprising 10 genera and 1,400 to 2,000 species.Leaves: entire, single, alternate or rarely opposite or whorled,Inflorescence: rat-tail like spikes.Flower: bisexual, or less commonly unisexual, minute, lack perianth (apetalous. )Fruit: berry or drupe.Other: they have secretary tissues consist of cells containing volatile oil
4 Piper nigrum L.Habit: herbaceous woody-volubilis liana, native to tropicsLeaves: entire, ovate, single, alternate, petiolate, acuminateInflorescence: spicum, opposite with leavesFlower: apetalous, bractateFruit: bacca
8 Piper cubeba L.The dried cubeb berries contain essential oil consisting monoterpenes (sabinene 50% and α-thujene) and sesquiterpenes (caryophyllene, α- and β-cubebene, cadinene), the oxides 1,4- and 1,8-cineole and cubebol
9 Piper mythysticum( Kava ) Habit: shrub, with fleshy erect stemLeaves: flate, petiolate, cordate at the base and acuminate at the tipInflorescence: spicumFruit: bacca
10 ORDER Aristolochiales There are about 600 to 700 species, most of them in the genus Aristolochia ( 500 spp.), and most of the rest in Asarum ( 100 spp.).They may grow as climbing vines, as short creeping herbs, and a few are shrub-like.Members of this group have attractive leaves and flowers,
11 Aristolochiaceae Habit: perennial Shrubs, or lianas, or herbs Leaves: simple, entire (usually), or dissected; alternate, spiral, flat, petiolate, aromatic,Flowers: solitary, or aggregated, small to large, regular to very irregular, tricyclic to pentacyclic.Fruit: a capsule (usually), or a berry, or a nut.
12 Aristolochia clematitis Is a herbaceous plant, which is native to Europe. The leaves are heart shaped and the flowers are pale yellow and tubular in form.
13 Asarum europaeum (Asarum officinale) Its leaves are aromatic and kidney-shaped, flowers are dark-red colored, and fruit is capsule
14 Here polygonaceae is prominent. ORDER PolygonalesIn this order, plants have flowers with simple perianth, trimerous to pentamerousHere polygonaceae is prominent.
15 Polygonaceae It has 46 genera, 1100 species. Habit: herbaceous, annual or perennial, to shrubs, trees or vines often with swollen nodesLeaves: simple, alternate, often with membranous, sheathing stipule (ochrea)Flower: Mostly perfect, actinomorphic, petaloid, distinct to connateOvary: superior, tricarpellate, unilocular with a single seedFruit: achena,
16 Rheum palmatum L. , رواش (Chinese rhubarb) or Rheum officinale Habit: Perennial, with large fleshy roots , about 2 to 3 feetLeaves: 5 to7 lobed, large with long, thick, often reddish petiole,Flowers are hermaphrodite and are pollinated by Wind.
17 Rheum palmatum L.The most common medicinal use of this plant is as a laxative in humans.
33 opuntia vulgarisزبان خشو, Aphyllus woody plant, 1 to 1.5m tall, fleshy stem is consist of flat-ovate nodes equipped by thorny structures
34 opuntia vulgarisFlowers are yellow colored, solitary, appear at the edge of upper fleshy nodes; have many sepals, petals and stamens
35 opuntia vulgarisBerries are fleshy, ovate and reddish-orange colored.
36 Caryophyllaceae Herbaceous plants with swollen nodes Leaves: Opposite, simple, narrow with entire marginsBases of paired leaves often connectedInflorescenceCymose or solitaryUsually terminalFlowers:Perfect, hypogynousFrequently showy
37 Caryophyllaceae Calyx: Corolla: Stamens: Gynoecium: 5 (4), distinct or connateOften persistentCorolla:5 (4), sometimes noneWhite or pinkOften notched at apex, with claw and limb formStamens:1 or 2 whorls of 5, distinct, often basally adnateGynoecium:1 pistil, 2- to 5-carpellateLocules 1 (1-5 at base), styles 2 to 5Ovules numerous (few), placentation free-central and axile below
38 Caryophyllaceae Fruit: Distribution: Examples: Usually a capsule dehiscing by apical teeth, or a utricleSeed an embryo curved around perispermDistribution:North-temperate & arctic, MediterraneanExamples:Dianthus (carnation)
39 Saponaria officinalis عشقار, A member of caryophylaceae, is a large perennial herb, with erect, branched stem risen from rhizome
40 Saponaria officinalis Leaves: opposite, acuminate, dark-green colored and have 3 prominent veins
41 Saponaria officinalis Flower: aromatic, pale pink colored, located in terminal, branched cymes
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