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Plant Identification Reviewing Some of the Common Plants Found on the SMESL - SM South HS Environmental Education 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Plant Identification Reviewing Some of the Common Plants Found on the SMESL - SM South HS Environmental Education 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Plant Identification Reviewing Some of the Common Plants Found on the SMESL - SM South HS Environmental Education 1

2 The Grasses From

3 Foxtail (Setaria sp.)  Flower head a series of dense spikes.  Head floppy, drupes easily like a “fox tail”.

4 From From

5

6 Side Oats Grama (Bouteloua curtipendula)  Its spikelets have an oat-like resemblance  Spikelets Appear to come off one side of the panicle branch.  inches tall. From

7 Spikelets

8 From

9 Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii )  Can be quite tall. (2 to 6 feet)  One of the big grasses on the prairie.  Inflorescence often resembles a turkey foot.  The base of the plant is typically hairy From

10 Turkey Foot

11 From

12 Indian Grass (Sorghastrum nutans )  Inflorescence looks like a big paint brush.  The leaves are broad with a blue-green color.  One of the big grasses on the prairie. From

13  The ligules/auricles take on the appearance of rabbit ears, Paint Brush From

14 Little Bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)  20 to 60 inches tall.  Greenish-blue to purplish.  Branching above, leafy base.  Inflorescence form wind blown seed tufts. From

15 InflorescenceSpikelets From

16 Switch Grass (Panicum)

17 Broadleaf & Herbaceous Plants

18 Mullien (Verbascum thapsus)  feet tall.  Single erect stem  Leaves large and covered by fine soft hairs. Wooly  Leaves form rosette at base and up stem  Long flower spike at top of stem  Yellow flowers

19

20 Wing Stem  Wings on sides of stems.  Yellow flowers.  Tall plants.  One stalk that branches at top.  Narrow, rough leaves up to 6 inches long.

21

22 Golden Rod (Solidago sp.)  Flowers yellow  Inflorescence usually wider than it is tall, with numerous tiny flowering heads on the upper side of curving branches.  Stem is green to Reddish- green, single or clustered, usually erect.  Leaves lanceolate, 2 to 5 inches long From

23 From epod.usra.eduFrom

24 Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans )  3-leaflets.  Petiole often reddish.  Leaflets kind of triangular with side notch.  “If it’s 3 let it be”

25

26 Note the Red Petiole White Berries

27 Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)  Grows up to six feet tall.  Has large, broad leaves, usually four to ten inches long.  Flowers are often droop.  Flowers are pinkish- purple clusters which often droop.  Fruits are large green pods which turn brown before bursting open to let out fluffy seeds.  Sap is milky white. From

28 Flowers in the spring

29 Thistle  Leaves with sharp spines or prickles on the margins.  Their prickles often occur all over the plant, including on the stem and flat parts of the leaf.  Purple flowers. From

30 Butterflies love thistle.

31 Horse Nettle (Solanum carolinense)  Prickly stems and leaves.  Yellow fruit that resembles little tomatoes. But poisonous.  White flowers with yellow stamens. From

32 From From

33 Joe-pye Weed (Eupatorium altissimum)  Also known as Tall Boneset.  feet tall.  Flowers white.  Leaves attach to stem oppositely.  The plant has a gray- green coloration due to the fine hairs on the stem and leaves. From

34

35 Compass Plant

36 Rattlesnake Master

37 Forest Dwelling Woody Plants

38 Buck Brush  Thin branches  Leaves in Opposite pairs.  Little bunches of berries at base of leaves in the fall.

39

40 Goose Berry (Ribes sp.)  Leaves look like little maple leaves but more divided  Branches covered with sharp spines.  Green fruits form on underside of branches.

41 From

42 Bush Honeysuckle -not native, example of an invasive species in the SMESL

43 Vines

44 Grape (Vinca sp.)  Leaves large and heart shaped with three points.  Often growing high in trees and over shrubs.  Green fruits in late summer and fall, turning purple as ripen. From

45 Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)  5-leaflets per leaflets instead of three.  Toothy edges to leaflets.  Bottom of each leaflet is often wedge-shaped.  Leaflets may taper abruptly into a short blunt tip,

46 Which is which?

47 Trumpet Creeper (Campsis radicans)  Large leaves with toothy leaflets 3–10 cm long.  Emerald green when new, maturing into a dark green.  The flowers orange to red in color, trumpet shaped.  The plant as a whole may grow to 10 meters in height.  The flowers are very attractive to hummingbirds. From

48 From

49 Green Briar (aka Cat Briar)

50 Some useful websites  KSU Wildflower Visual Collection  Missouri Wildflower Guide


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