Presentation on theme: "Plant Identification Reviewing Some of the Common Plants Found on the SMESL - SM South HS Environmental Education 1."— Presentation transcript:
Plant Identification Reviewing Some of the Common Plants Found on the SMESL - SM South HS Environmental Education 1
The Grasses From
Foxtail (Setaria sp.) Flower head a series of dense spikes. Head floppy, drupes easily like a “fox tail”.
Side Oats Grama (Bouteloua curtipendula) Its spikelets have an oat-like resemblance Spikelets Appear to come off one side of the panicle branch. inches tall. From
Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii ) Can be quite tall. (2 to 6 feet) One of the big grasses on the prairie. Inflorescence often resembles a turkey foot. The base of the plant is typically hairy From
Indian Grass (Sorghastrum nutans ) Inflorescence looks like a big paint brush. The leaves are broad with a blue-green color. One of the big grasses on the prairie. From
The ligules/auricles take on the appearance of rabbit ears, Paint Brush From
Little Bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium) 20 to 60 inches tall. Greenish-blue to purplish. Branching above, leafy base. Inflorescence form wind blown seed tufts. From
Switch Grass (Panicum)
Broadleaf & Herbaceous Plants
Mullien (Verbascum thapsus) feet tall. Single erect stem Leaves large and covered by fine soft hairs. Wooly Leaves form rosette at base and up stem Long flower spike at top of stem Yellow flowers
Wing Stem Wings on sides of stems. Yellow flowers. Tall plants. One stalk that branches at top. Narrow, rough leaves up to 6 inches long.
Golden Rod (Solidago sp.) Flowers yellow Inflorescence usually wider than it is tall, with numerous tiny flowering heads on the upper side of curving branches. Stem is green to Reddish- green, single or clustered, usually erect. Leaves lanceolate, 2 to 5 inches long From
Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans ) 3-leaflets. Petiole often reddish. Leaflets kind of triangular with side notch. “If it’s 3 let it be”
Note the Red Petiole White Berries
Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) Grows up to six feet tall. Has large, broad leaves, usually four to ten inches long. Flowers are often droop. Flowers are pinkish- purple clusters which often droop. Fruits are large green pods which turn brown before bursting open to let out fluffy seeds. Sap is milky white. From
Flowers in the spring
Thistle Leaves with sharp spines or prickles on the margins. Their prickles often occur all over the plant, including on the stem and flat parts of the leaf. Purple flowers. From
Butterflies love thistle.
Horse Nettle (Solanum carolinense) Prickly stems and leaves. Yellow fruit that resembles little tomatoes. But poisonous. White flowers with yellow stamens. From
Joe-pye Weed (Eupatorium altissimum) Also known as Tall Boneset. feet tall. Flowers white. Leaves attach to stem oppositely. The plant has a gray- green coloration due to the fine hairs on the stem and leaves. From
Forest Dwelling Woody Plants
Buck Brush Thin branches Leaves in Opposite pairs. Little bunches of berries at base of leaves in the fall.
Goose Berry (Ribes sp.) Leaves look like little maple leaves but more divided Branches covered with sharp spines. Green fruits form on underside of branches.
Bush Honeysuckle -not native, example of an invasive species in the SMESL
Grape (Vinca sp.) Leaves large and heart shaped with three points. Often growing high in trees and over shrubs. Green fruits in late summer and fall, turning purple as ripen. From
Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) 5-leaflets per leaflets instead of three. Toothy edges to leaflets. Bottom of each leaflet is often wedge-shaped. Leaflets may taper abruptly into a short blunt tip,
Which is which?
Trumpet Creeper (Campsis radicans) Large leaves with toothy leaflets 3–10 cm long. Emerald green when new, maturing into a dark green. The flowers orange to red in color, trumpet shaped. The plant as a whole may grow to 10 meters in height. The flowers are very attractive to hummingbirds. From