Presentation on theme: "Pigs: Everything but the Oink Annamarie Brubaker Academic Biology Period 3."— Presentation transcript:
Pigs: Everything but the Oink Annamarie Brubaker Academic Biology Period 3
Introduction During this power point I hope to: Inform you of the breeds of swine Show you an entirely new aspect on pigs. They are not just smelly, stinky, farm animals; or one of the organisms you have to study in biology class. I hope you enjoy this presentation!
Pigs: We ’ ll Start in the Beginning The pig was one of the first animals to be domesticated, probably as early as 7000 B.C. Pigs were first introduced to North America in 1539 when Hernando de Soto brought them to the Florida mainland In the early 1950 ’ s, U.S. pork producers concentrated their efforts on developing a leaner type of hog that would meet increasing consumer demands for leaner meat products, which are low in cholesterol and fat.
Breeds of Swine There are many different breeds of swine, and every breed is different!
Berkshire Originated from the county of Berkshire in England. Ears are short and erect. It is back with white feet, tail and usually has white on the face By flickr.com user stlbites.com
Chester White Developed in Chester County, PA Members of this breed are large and pure white. Have medium sized ears that droop over their eyes Known for being good mothers.
Duroc Came from a cross between red hogs bred in New York and red hogs bred in New Jersey. Solid red, but range from dark to light shades. Have droopy ears. Grow quickly and efficiently
Hampshire Originated from the County of Hampshire in England. Recognized by its white belt encircling a black body. Have erect ears. None for being heavily muscled
Hereford To be registered, Hereford hogs must have a white face Body is at least 2/3 red (light or dark) Must have 2 white feet. White must be showing at least one inch of the hoof
Poland China Did not come from Poland OR China! Originated in Warren County, Ohio. Black, with 6 white points 4 on legs, 1 on tail and 1 on nose Droopy ears Known for being heavy muscled
Tamworth Originated from England All red (varies from golden to dark) Erect ears Long narrow face and snout
Spot Was called “ Spotted Poland China ” for many years. Looks somewhat like a Poland China, but has a lot more white on its body. Was established in 1961. Has droopy ears Gains weight well Known for being an aggressive breeder
Yorkshire Originated from England Known as “ large whites ” Long bodied, white hogs Erect ears Produce large litters Known as the mother breed From flickr.com user Just choas
Landrace Newer breed in the U.S. Descendants of Danish Landrace hogs. All white and very long bodied. Resembles the Chester White. LARGE floppy ears. Known for being a good mother
Pietrain Originated in Belgium Black hair coat with varying amounts of white spots Bred for their extreme muscle volume and leanness
Most of us would not be able to live if there weren ’ t pigs!!! Pigs contribute so much! Do you know how much pigs impact our everyday life?
Industrial By-Products Did you put on make-up today? Did you eat off of bone china dishes today? Did you wash your hands today? Well … you might want to stay tuned to see that you it just would not be the same doing these things without pigs! By flickr.com user The Beast
We use everything but the oink! What you get from the pig: Bone for bone china Rennet for making cheese Stearin for making chewing gum and candies Glycerin for explosives Hides and skins for leather goods Gelatin for marshmallows and film for your camera Binders for asphalt paving Drumheads and violin strings … By flickr.com user cwbuecheler
YES! There ’ s more!! Cutting oils and other industrial lubricants Hair for artist brushes Special glues for marine plywoods By flickr.com user 3 rd foundation
Thank you for Watching! Even though they may smell, I don ’ t know what my life would be like know without pigs!
Resources I got my information for this presentation from: The Swine Resource Handbook for Market and Breeding Projects; copyright: The Ohio State University, 2001 I got my pictures from: www.creativecommon s.org www.creativecommon s.org